config_parser_unittest.cc 92.2 KB
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// Copyright (C) 2012-2013 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
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//
// Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
// purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
// copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
// REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
// AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
// INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
// LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
// OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
// PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

#include <config.h>
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#include <config/ccsession.h>
#include <dhcp/libdhcp++.h>
#include <dhcp/option6_ia.h>
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#include <dhcp/iface_mgr.h>
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#include <dhcp/option_custom.h>
#include <dhcp/option_int.h>
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#include <dhcp6/config_parser.h>
#include <dhcp6/dhcp6_srv.h>
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#include <dhcpsrv/addr_utilities.h>
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#include <dhcpsrv/cfgmgr.h>
#include <dhcpsrv/subnet.h>
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#include <hooks/hooks_manager.h>

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#include "test_data_files_config.h"
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#include "test_libraries.h"
#include "marker_file.h"
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#include <boost/foreach.hpp>
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#include <gtest/gtest.h>
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#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>
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#include <fstream>
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#include <sstream>
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#include <string>
#include <vector>
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#include <arpa/inet.h>
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#include <unistd.h>
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using namespace isc;
using namespace isc::asiolink;
using namespace isc::config;
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using namespace isc::data;
using namespace isc::dhcp;
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using namespace isc::dhcp::test;
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using namespace isc::hooks;
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using namespace std;
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namespace {

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std::string specfile(const std::string& name) {
    return (std::string(DHCP6_SRC_DIR) + "/" + name);
}

/// @brief Tests that the spec file is valid.
/// Verifies that the DHCP6 configuration specification file is valid.
TEST(Dhcp6SpecTest, basicSpec) {
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(isc::config::
                    moduleSpecFromFile(specfile("dhcp6.spec")));
}

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class Dhcp6ParserTest : public ::testing::Test {
public:
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    Dhcp6ParserTest() :rcode_(-1), srv_(0) {
        // srv_(0) means to not open any sockets. We don't want to
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        // deal with sockets here, just check if configuration handling
        // is sane.
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        const IfaceMgr::IfaceCollection& ifaces = IfaceMgr::instance().getIfaces();

        // There must be some interface detected
        if (ifaces.empty()) {
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            // We can't use ASSERT in constructor
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            ADD_FAILURE() << "No interfaces detected.";
        }

        valid_iface_ = ifaces.begin()->getName();
        bogus_iface_ = "nonexisting0";
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        if (IfaceMgr::instance().getIface(bogus_iface_)) {
            ADD_FAILURE() << "The '" << bogus_iface_ << "' exists on this system"
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                          << " while the test assumes that it doesn't, to execute"
                          << " some negative scenarios. Can't continue this test.";
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        }
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        // Reset configuration for each test.
        resetConfiguration();
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    }

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    // Check that no hooks libraries are loaded.  This is a pre-condition for
    // a number of tests, so is checked in one place.  As this uses an
    // ASSERT call - and it is not clear from the documentation that Gtest
    // predicates can be used in a constructor - the check is placed in SetUp.
    void SetUp() {
        std::vector<std::string> libraries = HooksManager::getLibraryNames();
        ASSERT_TRUE(libraries.empty());
    }

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    ~Dhcp6ParserTest() {
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        // Reset configuration database after each test.
        resetConfiguration();
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        // ... and delete the hooks library marker files if present
        unlink(LOAD_MARKER_FILE);
        unlink(UNLOAD_MARKER_FILE);
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    };

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    // Checks if config_result (result of DHCP server configuration) has
    // expected code (0 for success, other for failures).
    // Also stores result in rcode_ and comment_.
    void checkResult(ConstElementPtr status, int expected_code) {
        ASSERT_TRUE(status);
        comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
        EXPECT_EQ(expected_code, rcode_);
    }

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    /// @brief Create the simple configuration with single option.
    ///
    /// This function allows to set one of the parameters that configure
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    /// option value. These parameters are: "name", "code", "data" and
    /// "csv-format".
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    ///
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    /// @param param_value string holding option parameter value to be
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    /// injected into the configuration string.
    /// @param parameter name of the parameter to be configured with
    /// param value.
    std::string createConfigWithOption(const std::string& param_value,
                                       const std::string& parameter) {
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        std::map<std::string, std::string> params;
        if (parameter == "name") {
            params["name"] = param_value;
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            params["space"] = "dhcp6";
            params["code"] = "38";
            params["data"] = "AB CDEF0105";
            params["csv-format"] = "False";
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        } else if (parameter == "space") {
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            params["name"] = "subscriber-id";
            params["space"] = param_value;
            params["code"] = "38";
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            params["data"] = "AB CDEF0105";
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            params["csv-format"] = "False";
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        } else if (parameter == "code") {
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            params["name"] = "subscriber-id";
            params["space"] = "dhcp6";
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            params["code"] = param_value;
            params["data"] = "AB CDEF0105";
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            params["csv-format"] = "False";
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        } else if (parameter == "data") {
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            params["name"] = "subscriber-id";
            params["space"] = "dhcp6";
            params["code"] = "38";
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            params["data"] = param_value;
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            params["csv-format"] = "False";
        } else if (parameter == "csv-format") {
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            params["name"] = "subscriber-id";
            params["space"] = "dhcp6";
            params["code"] = "38";
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            params["data"] = "AB CDEF0105";
            params["csv-format"] = param_value;
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        }
        return (createConfigWithOption(params));
    }

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    std::string createConfigWithOption(const std::map<std::string,
                                       std::string>& params)
    {
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        std::ostringstream stream;
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        stream << "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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            "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
            "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
            "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
            "\"subnet6\": [ { "
            "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::/80\" ],"
            "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\", "
            "    \"option-data\": [ {";
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        bool first = true;
        typedef std::pair<std::string, std::string> ParamPair;
        BOOST_FOREACH(ParamPair param, params) {
            if (!first) {
                stream << ", ";
            } else {
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                // cppcheck-suppress unreadVariable
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                first = false;
            }
            if (param.first == "name") {
                stream << "\"name\": \"" << param.second << "\"";
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            } else if (param.first == "space") {
                stream << "\"space\": \"" << param.second << "\"";
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            } else if (param.first == "code") {
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                stream << "\"code\": " << param.second;;
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            } else if (param.first == "data") {
                stream << "\"data\": \"" << param.second << "\"";
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            } else if (param.first == "csv-format") {
                stream << "\"csv-format\": " << param.second;
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            }
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        }
        stream <<
            "        } ]"
            " } ],"
            "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";
        return (stream.str());
    }

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    /// @brief Parse and Execute configuration
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    ///
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    /// Parses a configuration and executes a configuration of the server.
    /// If the operation fails, the current test will register a failure.
    ///
    /// @param config Configuration to parse
    /// @param operation Operation being performed.  In the case of an error,
    ///        the error text will include the string "unable to <operation>.".
    ///
    /// @return true if the configuration succeeded, false if not.  In the
    ///         latter case, a failure will have been added to the current test.
    bool
    executeConfiguration(const std::string& config, const char* operation) {
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        ConstElementPtr status;
        try {
            ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);
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            status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json);
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        } catch (const std::exception& ex) {
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            ADD_FAILURE() << "Unable to " << operation << ". "
                   << "The following configuration was used: " << std::endl
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                   << config << std::endl
                   << " and the following error message was returned:"
                   << ex.what() << std::endl;
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            return (false);
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        }

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        // The status object must not be NULL
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        if (!status) {
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            ADD_FAILURE() << "Unable to " << operation << ". "
                   << "The configuration function returned a null pointer.";
            return (false);
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        }
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        // Store the answer if we need it.

        // Returned value should be 0 (configuration success)
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        comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
        if (rcode_ != 0) {
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            string reason = "";
            if (comment_) {
                reason = string(" (") + comment_->stringValue() + string(")");
            }
            ADD_FAILURE() << "Unable to " << operation << ". "
                   << "The configuration function returned error code "
                   << rcode_ << reason;
            return (false);
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        }
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        return (true);
    }

    /// @brief Reset configuration database.
    ///
    /// This function resets configuration data base by removing all subnets
    /// option-data, and hooks libraries. The reset must be performed after each
    /// test to make sure that contents of the database do not affect the
    /// results of subsequent tests.
    void resetConfiguration() {
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        string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"all\" ],"
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            "\"hooks-libraries\": [ ],"
            "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
            "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
            "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
            "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000, "
            "\"subnet6\": [ ], "
            "\"option-def\": [ ], "
            "\"option-data\": [ ] }";
        static_cast<void>(executeConfiguration(config,
                                               "reset configuration database"));
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        // The default setting is to listen on all interfaces. In order to
        // properly test interface configuration we disable listening on
        // all interfaces before each test and later check that this setting
        // has been overriden by the configuration used in the test.
        CfgMgr::instance().deleteActiveIfaces();
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    }

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    /// @brief Test invalid option parameter value.
    ///
    /// This test function constructs the simple configuration
    /// string and injects invalid option configuration into it.
    /// It expects that parser will fail with provided option code.
    ///
    /// @param param_value string holding invalid option parameter value
    /// to be injected into configuration string.
    /// @param parameter name of the parameter to be configured with
    /// param_value (can be any of "name", "code", "data")
    void testInvalidOptionParam(const std::string& param_value,
                                const std::string& parameter) {
        ConstElementPtr x;
        std::string config = createConfigWithOption(param_value, parameter);
        ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);
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        EXPECT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
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        ASSERT_TRUE(x);
        comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
        ASSERT_EQ(1, rcode_);
    }

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    /// @brief Test option against given code and data.
    ///
    /// @param option_desc option descriptor that carries the option to
    /// be tested.
    /// @param expected_code expected code of the option.
    /// @param expected_data expected data in the option.
    /// @param expected_data_len length of the reference data.
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    /// @param extra_data if true extra data is allowed in an option
    /// after tested data.
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    void testOption(const Subnet::OptionDescriptor& option_desc,
                    uint16_t expected_code, const uint8_t* expected_data,
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                    size_t expected_data_len,
                    bool extra_data = false) {
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        // Check if option descriptor contains valid option pointer.
        ASSERT_TRUE(option_desc.option);
        // Verify option type.
        EXPECT_EQ(expected_code, option_desc.option->getType());
        // We may have many different option types being created. Some of them
        // have dedicated classes derived from Option class. In such case if
        // we want to verify the option contents against expected_data we have
        // to prepare raw buffer with the contents of the option. The easiest
        // way is to call pack() which will prepare on-wire data.
        util::OutputBuffer buf(option_desc.option->getData().size());
        option_desc.option->pack(buf);
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        if (extra_data) {
            // The length of the buffer must be at least equal to size of the
            // reference data but it can sometimes be greater than that. This is
            // because some options carry suboptions that increase the overall
            // length.
            ASSERT_GE(buf.getLength() - option_desc.option->getHeaderLen(),
                      expected_data_len);
        } else {
            ASSERT_EQ(buf.getLength() - option_desc.option->getHeaderLen(),
                      expected_data_len);
        }
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        // Verify that the data is correct. Do not verify suboptions and a header.
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        const uint8_t* data = static_cast<const uint8_t*>(buf.getData());
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        EXPECT_EQ(0, memcmp(expected_data, data + option_desc.option->getHeaderLen(),
                            expected_data_len));
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    }

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    int rcode_;          ///< Return code (see @ref isc::config::parseAnswer)
    Dhcpv6Srv srv_;      ///< Instance of the Dhcp6Srv used during tests
    ConstElementPtr comment_; ///< Comment (see @ref isc::config::parseAnswer)
    string valid_iface_; ///< Valid network interface name (present in system)
    string bogus_iface_; ///< invalid network interface name (not in system)
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};

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// Goal of this test is a verification if a very simple config update
// with just a bumped version number. That's the simplest possible
// config update.
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TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, version) {

    ConstElementPtr x;

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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_,
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                    Element::fromJSON("{\"version\": 0}")));

    // returned value must be 0 (configuration accepted)
    ASSERT_TRUE(x);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);
}

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/// The goal of this test is to verify that the code accepts only
/// valid commands and malformed or unsupported parameters are rejected.
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TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, bogusCommand) {
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    ConstElementPtr x;

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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_,
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                    Element::fromJSON("{\"bogus\": 5}")));

    // returned value must be 1 (configuration parse error)
    ASSERT_TRUE(x);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
    EXPECT_EQ(1, rcode_);
}

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/// The goal of this test is to verify if configuration without any
/// subnets defined can be accepted.
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TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, emptySubnet) {
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    ConstElementPtr status;
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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_,
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                    Element::fromJSON("{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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                                      "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
                                      "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
                                      "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
                                      "\"subnet6\": [  ], "
                                      "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }")));

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    // returned value should be 0 (success)
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
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    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);
}

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/// The goal of this test is to verify if defined subnet uses global
/// parameter timer definitions.
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TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, subnetGlobalDefaults) {
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    ConstElementPtr status;
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    string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::1 - 2001:db8:1::ffff\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
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    // check if returned status is OK
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
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    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);

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    // Now check if the configuration was indeed handled and we have
    // expected pool configured.
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    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::instance().getSubnet6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::5"));
    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet);
    EXPECT_EQ(1000, subnet->getT1());
    EXPECT_EQ(2000, subnet->getT2());
    EXPECT_EQ(3000, subnet->getPreferred());
    EXPECT_EQ(4000, subnet->getValid());
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    // Check that subnet-id is 1
    EXPECT_EQ(1, subnet->getID());
}

// Goal of this test is to verify that multiple subnets get unique
// subnet-ids. Also, test checks that it's possible to do reconfiguration
// multiple times.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, multipleSubnets) {
    ConstElementPtr x;
    string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::/80\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" "
        " },"
        " {"
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:2::/80\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:2::/64\" "
        " },"
        " {"
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:3::/80\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:3::/64\" "
        " },"
        " {"
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:4::/80\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:4::/64\" "
        " } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";

    int cnt = 0; // Number of reconfigurations

    do {
        ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

        EXPECT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
        ASSERT_TRUE(x);
        comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
        ASSERT_EQ(0, rcode_);

        const Subnet6Collection* subnets = CfgMgr::instance().getSubnets6();
        ASSERT_TRUE(subnets);
        ASSERT_EQ(4, subnets->size()); // We expect 4 subnets

        // Check subnet-ids of each subnet (it should be monotonously increasing)
        EXPECT_EQ(1, subnets->at(0)->getID());
        EXPECT_EQ(2, subnets->at(1)->getID());
        EXPECT_EQ(3, subnets->at(2)->getID());
        EXPECT_EQ(4, subnets->at(3)->getID());

        // Repeat reconfiguration process 10 times and check that the subnet-id
        // is set to the same value. Technically, just two iterations would be
        // sufficient, but it's nice to have a test that exercises reconfiguration
        // a bit.
    } while (++cnt < 10);
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}

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// This test checks if it is possible to override global values
// on a per subnet basis.
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TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, subnetLocal) {
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    ConstElementPtr status;
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    string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::1 - 2001:db8:1::ffff\" ],"
        "    \"renew-timer\": 1, "
        "    \"rebind-timer\": 2, "
        "    \"preferred-lifetime\": 3,"
        "    \"valid-lifetime\": 4,"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
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    // returned value should be 0 (configuration success)
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
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    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);

    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::instance().getSubnet6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::5"));
    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet);
    EXPECT_EQ(1, subnet->getT1());
    EXPECT_EQ(2, subnet->getT2());
    EXPECT_EQ(3, subnet->getPreferred());
    EXPECT_EQ(4, subnet->getValid());
}

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// This test checks if it is possible to define a subnet with an
// interface defined.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, subnetInterface) {

    ConstElementPtr status;

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    // There should be at least one interface

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    string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::1 - 2001:db8:1::ffff\" ],"
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        "    \"interface\": \"" + valid_iface_ + "\","
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        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";
    cout << config << endl;

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));

    // returned value should be 0 (configuration success)
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);

    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::instance().getSubnet6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::5"));
    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet);
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    EXPECT_EQ(valid_iface_, subnet->getIface());
}

// This test checks if invalid interface name will be rejected in
// Subnet6 definition.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, subnetInterfaceBogus) {

    ConstElementPtr status;

    // There should be at least one interface

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    string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::1 - 2001:db8:1::ffff\" ],"
        "    \"interface\": \"" + bogus_iface_ + "\","
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";
    cout << config << endl;

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));

    // returned value should be 1 (configuration error)
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
    EXPECT_EQ(1, rcode_);

    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::instance().getSubnet6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::5"));
    EXPECT_FALSE(subnet);
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}

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// This test checks if it is not allowed to define global interface
// parameter.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, interfaceGlobal) {

    ConstElementPtr status;

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    string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
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        "\"interface\": \"" + valid_iface_ + "\"," // Not valid. Can be defined in subnet only
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        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::1 - 2001:db8:1::ffff\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";
    cout << config << endl;

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));

    // returned value should be 1 (parse error)
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
    EXPECT_EQ(1, rcode_);
}

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// This test checks if it is possible to define a subnet with an
// interface-id option defined.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, subnetInterfaceId) {

    const string valid_interface_id = "foobar";
    const string bogus_interface_id = "blah";

    // There should be at least one interface

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    const string config = "{ "
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::1 - 2001:db8:1::ffff\" ],"
        "    \"interface-id\": \"" + valid_interface_id + "\","
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

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    ConstElementPtr status;
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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));

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    // Returned value should be 0 (configuration success)
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    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);

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    // Try to get a subnet based on bogus interface-id option
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    OptionBuffer tmp(bogus_interface_id.begin(), bogus_interface_id.end());
    OptionPtr ifaceid(new Option(Option::V6, D6O_INTERFACE_ID, tmp));
    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::instance().getSubnet6(ifaceid);
    EXPECT_FALSE(subnet);

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    // Now try to get subnet for valid interface-id value
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    tmp = OptionBuffer(valid_interface_id.begin(), valid_interface_id.end());
    ifaceid.reset(new Option(Option::V6, D6O_INTERFACE_ID, tmp));
    subnet = CfgMgr::instance().getSubnet6(ifaceid);
    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet);
    EXPECT_TRUE(ifaceid->equal(subnet->getInterfaceId()));
}


// This test checks if it is not allowed to define global interface
// parameter.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, interfaceIdGlobal) {

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    const string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"interface-id\": \"foobar\"," // Not valid. Can be defined in subnet only
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::1 - 2001:db8:1::ffff\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

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    ConstElementPtr status;
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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));

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    // Returned value should be 1 (parse error)
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    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
    EXPECT_EQ(1, rcode_);
}

// This test checks if it is not possible to define a subnet with an
// interface (i.e. local subnet) and interface-id (remote subnet) defined.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, subnetInterfaceAndInterfaceId) {

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    const string config = "{ \"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
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        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::1 - 2001:db8:1::ffff\" ],"
        "    \"interface\": \"" + valid_iface_ + "\","
        "    \"interface-id\": \"foobar\","
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

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    ConstElementPtr status;
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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));

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    // Returned value should be 1 (configuration error)
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    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
    EXPECT_EQ(1, rcode_);

}



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// Test verifies that a subnet with pool values that do not belong to that
// pool are rejected.
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TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, poolOutOfSubnet) {
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    ConstElementPtr status;
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    string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"4001:db8:1::/80\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";
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    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
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    // returned value must be 1 (values error)
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    // as the pool does not belong to that subnet
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    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, status);
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    EXPECT_EQ(1, rcode_);
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}

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// Goal of this test is to verify if pools can be defined
// using prefix/length notation. There is no separate test for min-max
// notation as it was tested in several previous tests.
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// Note this test also verifies that subnets can be configured without
// prefix delegation pools.
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TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, poolPrefixLen) {
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    ConstElementPtr x;

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    string config = "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
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        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1::/80\" ],"
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\" } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }";

    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
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    // returned value must be 1 (configuration parse error)
    ASSERT_TRUE(x);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);

    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::instance().getSubnet6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::5"));
    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet);
    EXPECT_EQ(1000, subnet->getT1());
    EXPECT_EQ(2000, subnet->getT2());
    EXPECT_EQ(3000, subnet->getPreferred());
    EXPECT_EQ(4000, subnet->getValid());
}

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// Goal of this test is to verify the basic parsing of a prefix delegation
// pool. It uses a single, valid pd pool.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, pdPoolBasics) {

    ConstElementPtr x;

    // Define a single valid pd pool.
    string config =
        "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\","
        "    \"pd-pools\": ["
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:1::\", "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 64, "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 128"
        "        } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }"
        "] }";

    // Convert the JSON string into Elements.
    ElementPtr json;
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(json = Element::fromJSON(config));

    // Verify that DHCP6 configuration processing succeeds.
    // Returned value must be non-empty ConstElementPtr to config result.
    // rcode should be 0 which indicates successful configuration processing.
    EXPECT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
    ASSERT_TRUE(x);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);

    // Test that we can retrieve the subnet.
    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::
                        instance().getSubnet6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::5"));

    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet);

    // Fetch the collection of PD pools.  It should have 1 entry.
    PoolCollection pc;
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(pc = subnet->getPools(Lease::TYPE_PD));
    EXPECT_EQ(1, pc.size());

    // Get a pointer to the pd pool instance, and verify its contents.
    Pool6Ptr p6;
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(p6 = boost::dynamic_pointer_cast<Pool6>(pc[0]));
    ASSERT_TRUE(p6);
    EXPECT_EQ("2001:db8:1::", p6->getFirstAddress().toText());
    EXPECT_EQ(128, p6->getLength());
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    // prefix-len is not directly accessible after pool construction, so
    // verify that it was interpreted correctly by checking the last address
    // value.
    isc::asiolink::IOAddress prefixAddress("2001:db8:1::");
    EXPECT_EQ(lastAddrInPrefix(prefixAddress, 64).toText(),
              p6->getLastAddress().toText());
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}

// Goal of this test is verify that a list of PD pools can be configured.
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// It also verifies that a subnet may be configured with both regular pools
// and pd pools.
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TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, pdPoolList) {

    ConstElementPtr x;

    const char* prefixes[] = {
        "2001:db8:1:1::",
        "2001:db8:1:2::",
        "2001:db8:1:3::"
    };

    string config =
        "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
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        "    \"pool\": [ \"2001:db8:1:04::/80\" ],"
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        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/40\","
        "    \"pd-pools\": ["
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:1:01::\", "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 72, "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 80"
        "        },"
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:1:02::\", "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 72, "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 88"
        "        },"
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:1:03::\", "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 72, "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 96"
        "        }"
        "],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }"
        "] }";

    // Convert the JSON string into Elements.
    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(json = Element::fromJSON(config));

    // Verify that DHCP6 configuration processing succeeds.
    // Returned value must be non-empty ConstElementPtr to config result.
    // rcode should be 0 which indicates successful configuration processing.
    EXPECT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
    ASSERT_TRUE(x);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);

    // Test that we can retrieve the subnet.
    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::
                        instance().getSubnet6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::5"));
    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet);

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    // Fetch the collection of NA pools.  It should have 1 entry.
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    PoolCollection pc;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(pc = subnet->getPools(Lease::TYPE_NA));
    EXPECT_EQ(1, pc.size());

    // Fetch the collection of PD pools.  It should have 3 entries.
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(pc = subnet->getPools(Lease::TYPE_PD));
    EXPECT_EQ(3, pc.size());

    // Loop through the pools and verify their contents.
    for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
        Pool6Ptr p6;
        ASSERT_NO_THROW(p6 = boost::dynamic_pointer_cast<Pool6>(pc[i]));
        ASSERT_TRUE(p6);
        EXPECT_EQ(prefixes[i], p6->getFirstAddress().toText());
        EXPECT_EQ((80 + (i * 8)), p6->getLength());
    }
}

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// Goal of this test is to verify the a whole prefix can be delegated and that
// a whole subnet can be delegated.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, subnetAndPrefixDelegated) {

    ConstElementPtr x;

    // Define a single valid pd pool.
    string config =
        "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\","
        "    \"pd-pools\": ["
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:1::\", "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 64, "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 64"
        "        } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }"
        "] }";

    // Convert the JSON string into Elements.
    ElementPtr json;
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(json = Element::fromJSON(config));

    // Verify that DHCP6 configuration processing succeeds.
    // Returned value must be non-empty ConstElementPtr to config result.
    // rcode should be 0 which indicates successful configuration processing.
    EXPECT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
    ASSERT_TRUE(x);
    comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
    EXPECT_EQ(0, rcode_);

    // Test that we can retrieve the subnet.
    Subnet6Ptr subnet = CfgMgr::
                        instance().getSubnet6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::5"));

    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet);

    // Fetch the collection of PD pools.  It should have 1 entry.
    PoolCollection pc;
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(pc = subnet->getPools(Lease::TYPE_PD));
    EXPECT_EQ(1, pc.size());

    // Get a pointer to the pd pool instance, and verify its contents.
    Pool6Ptr p6;
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(p6 = boost::dynamic_pointer_cast<Pool6>(pc[0]));
    ASSERT_TRUE(p6);
    EXPECT_EQ("2001:db8:1::", p6->getFirstAddress().toText());
    EXPECT_EQ(64, p6->getLength());

    // prefix-len is not directly accessible after pool construction, so
    // verify that it was interpreted correctly by checking the last address
    // value.
    isc::asiolink::IOAddress prefixAddress("2001:db8:1::");
    EXPECT_EQ(lastAddrInPrefix(prefixAddress, 64).toText(),
              p6->getLastAddress().toText());
}


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// Goal of this test is check for proper handling of invalid prefix delegation
// pool configuration.  It uses an array of invalid configurations to check
// a variety of configuration errors.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, invalidPdPools) {

    ConstElementPtr x;

    const char *config[] =  {
        // No prefix.
        "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\","
        "    \"pd-pools\": ["
        "        { "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 64, "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 128"
        "        } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }"
        "] }",
        // No prefix-len.
        "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\","
        "    \"pd-pools\": ["
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:1::\", "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 128"
        "        } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }"
        "] }",
        // No delegated-len.
        "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\","
        "    \"pd-pools\": ["
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:1::\", "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 64 "
        "        } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }"
        "] }",
        // Delegated length is too short.
        "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\","
        "    \"pd-pools\": ["
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:1::\", "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 128, "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 64"
        "        } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }"
        "] }",
        // Pool is not within the subnet.
        "{ \"interfaces\": [ \"*\" ],"
        "\"preferred-lifetime\": 3000,"
        "\"rebind-timer\": 2000, "
        "\"renew-timer\": 1000, "
        "\"subnet6\": [ { "
        "    \"subnet\": \"2001:db8:1::/64\","
        "    \"pd-pools\": ["
        "        { \"prefix\": \"2001:db8:77::\", "
        "          \"prefix-len\": 64, "
        "          \"delegated-len\": 128"
        "        } ],"
        "\"valid-lifetime\": 4000 }"
        "] }"
        };

    ElementPtr json;
    int num_msgs = sizeof(config)/sizeof(char*);
    for (int i = 0; i < num_msgs; i++) {
        // Convert JSON string to Elements.
        ASSERT_NO_THROW(json = Element::fromJSON(config[i]));

        // Configuration processing should fail without a throw.
        ASSERT_NO_THROW(x = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));

        // Returned value must be non-empty ConstElementPtr to config result.
        // rcode should be 1 which indicates configuration error.
        ASSERT_TRUE(x);
        comment_ = parseAnswer(rcode_, x);
        EXPECT_EQ(1, rcode_);
    }
}

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// The goal of this test is to check whether an option definition
// that defines an option carrying an IPv6 address can be created.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, optionDefIpv6Address) {

    // Configuration string.
    std::string config =
        "{ \"option-def\": [ {"
        "      \"name\": \"foo\","
        "      \"code\": 100,"
        "      \"type\": \"ipv6-address\","
        "      \"array\": False,"
        "      \"record-types\": \"\","
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        "      \"space\": \"isc\","
        "      \"encapsulate\": \"\""
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        "  } ]"
        "}";
    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

    // Make sure that the particular option definition does not exist.
    OptionDefinitionPtr def = CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 100);
    ASSERT_FALSE(def);

    // Use the configuration string to create new option definition.
    ConstElementPtr status;
    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);

    // The option definition should now be available in the CfgMgr.
    def = CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 100);
    ASSERT_TRUE(def);

    // Verify that the option definition data is valid.
    EXPECT_EQ("foo", def->getName());
    EXPECT_EQ(100, def->getCode());
    EXPECT_FALSE(def->getArrayType());
    EXPECT_EQ(OPT_IPV6_ADDRESS_TYPE, def->getType());
}

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// The goal of this test is to check whether an option definition
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// that defines an option carrying a record of data fields can
// be created.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, optionDefRecord) {

    // Configuration string.
    std::string config =
        "{ \"option-def\": [ {"
        "      \"name\": \"foo\","
        "      \"code\": 100,"
        "      \"type\": \"record\","
        "      \"array\": False,"
        "      \"record-types\": \"uint16, ipv4-address, ipv6-address, string\","
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        "      \"space\": \"isc\","
        "      \"encapsulate\": \"\""
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        "  } ]"
        "}";
    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

    // Make sure that the particular option definition does not exist.
    OptionDefinitionPtr def = CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 100);
    ASSERT_FALSE(def);

    // Use the configuration string to create new option definition.
    ConstElementPtr status;
    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    checkResult(status, 0);

    // The option definition should now be available in the CfgMgr.
    def = CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 100);
    ASSERT_TRUE(def);

    // Check the option data.
    EXPECT_EQ("foo", def->getName());
    EXPECT_EQ(100, def->getCode());
    EXPECT_EQ(OPT_RECORD_TYPE, def->getType());
    EXPECT_FALSE(def->getArrayType());
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    // The option comprises the record of data fields. Verify that all
    // fields are present and they are of the expected types.
    const OptionDefinition::RecordFieldsCollection& record_fields =
        def->getRecordFields();
    ASSERT_EQ(4, record_fields.size());
    EXPECT_EQ(OPT_UINT16_TYPE, record_fields[0]);
    EXPECT_EQ(OPT_IPV4_ADDRESS_TYPE, record_fields[1]);
    EXPECT_EQ(OPT_IPV6_ADDRESS_TYPE, record_fields[2]);
    EXPECT_EQ(OPT_STRING_TYPE, record_fields[3]);
}

// The goal of this test is to verify that multiple option definitions
// can be created.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, optionDefMultiple) {
    // Configuration string.
    std::string config =
        "{ \"option-def\": [ {"
        "      \"name\": \"foo\","
        "      \"code\": 100,"
        "      \"type\": \"uint32\","
        "      \"array\": False,"
        "      \"record-types\": \"\","
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        "      \"space\": \"isc\","
        "      \"encapsulate\": \"\""
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        "  },"
        "  {"
        "      \"name\": \"foo-2\","
        "      \"code\": 101,"
        "      \"type\": \"ipv4-address\","
        "      \"array\": False,"
        "      \"record-types\": \"\","
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        "      \"space\": \"isc\","
        "      \"encapsulate\": \"\""
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        "  } ]"
        "}";
    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

    // Make sure that the option definitions do not exist yet.
    ASSERT_FALSE(CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 100));
    ASSERT_FALSE(CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 101));

    // Use the configuration string to create new option definitions.
    ConstElementPtr status;
    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    checkResult(status, 0);

    // Check the first definition we have created.
    OptionDefinitionPtr def1 = CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 100);
    ASSERT_TRUE(def1);

    // Check the option data.
    EXPECT_EQ("foo", def1->getName());
    EXPECT_EQ(100, def1->getCode());
    EXPECT_EQ(OPT_UINT32_TYPE, def1->getType());
    EXPECT_FALSE(def1->getArrayType());

    // Check the second option definition we have created.
    OptionDefinitionPtr def2 = CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 101);
    ASSERT_TRUE(def2);

    // Check the option data.
    EXPECT_EQ("foo-2", def2->getName());
    EXPECT_EQ(101, def2->getCode());
    EXPECT_EQ(OPT_IPV4_ADDRESS_TYPE, def2->getType());
    EXPECT_FALSE(def2->getArrayType());
}

// The goal of this test is to verify that the duplicated option
// definition is not accepted.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, optionDefDuplicate) {

    // Configuration string. Both option definitions have
    // the same code and belong to the same option space.
    // This configuration should not be accepted.
    std::string config =
        "{ \"option-def\": [ {"
        "      \"name\": \"foo\","
        "      \"code\": 100,"
        "      \"type\": \"uint32\","
        "      \"array\": False,"
        "      \"record-types\": \"\","
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        "      \"space\": \"isc\","
        "      \"encapsulate\": \"\""
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        "  },"
        "  {"
        "      \"name\": \"foo-2\","
        "      \"code\": 100,"
        "      \"type\": \"ipv4-address\","
        "      \"array\": False,"
        "      \"record-types\": \"\","
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        "      \"space\": \"isc\","
        "      \"encapsulate\": \"\""
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        "  } ]"
        "}";
    ElementPtr json = Element::fromJSON(config);

    // Make sure that the option definition does not exist yet.
    ASSERT_FALSE(CfgMgr::instance().getOptionDef("isc", 100));

    // Use the configuration string to create new option definitions.
    ConstElementPtr status;
    EXPECT_NO_THROW(status = configureDhcp6Server(srv_, json));
    ASSERT_TRUE(status);
    checkResult(status, 1);
}

// The goal of this test is to verify that the option definition
// comprising an array of uint32 values can be created.
TEST_F(Dhcp6ParserTest, optionDefArray) {

    // Configuration string. Created option definition should
    // comprise an array of uint32 values.
    std::string config =
        "{ \"