pk11.c 33.7 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (C) 2014  Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
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 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
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 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
 * REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
 * AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
 * OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
 * PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
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 */

/*
 * Portions copyright (c) 2008 Nominet UK.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/*
 * Copyright 2009 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Use is subject to license terms.
 */

/*
 * This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project for
 * use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.openssl.org/).
 *
 * This project also referenced hw_pkcs11-0.9.7b.patch written by
 * Afchine Madjlessi.
 */
/*
 * ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 2000-2001 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    licensing@OpenSSL.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */

/* $Id$ */

#include <config.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <isc/log.h>
#include <isc/mem.h>
#include <isc/once.h>
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#include <isc/platform.h>
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#include <isc/stdio.h>
#include <isc/thread.h>
#include <isc/util.h>

#include <dst/result.h>

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#include <pk11/pk11.h>
#include <pk11/internal.h>
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#include <pk11/result.h>
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#include <pkcs11/cryptoki.h>
#include <pkcs11/pkcs11.h>

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/* was 32 octets, Petr Spacek suggested 1024, SoftHSMv2 uses 256... */
#ifndef PINLEN
#define PINLEN	256
#endif
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#ifndef PK11_NO_LOGERR
#define PK11_NO_LOGERR 1
#endif

static isc_once_t once = ISC_ONCE_INIT;
static isc_mem_t *pk11_mctx = NULL;
static isc_int32_t allocsize = 0;
static isc_boolean_t initialized = ISC_FALSE;

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typedef struct pk11_session pk11_session_t;
typedef struct pk11_token pk11_token_t;
typedef ISC_LIST(pk11_session_t) pk11_sessionlist_t;
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struct pk11_session {
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	unsigned int		magic;
	CK_SESSION_HANDLE	session;
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	ISC_LINK(pk11_session_t) link;
	pk11_token_t		*token;
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};

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struct pk11_token {
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	unsigned int		magic;
	unsigned int		operations;
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	ISC_LINK(pk11_token_t)	link;
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	CK_SLOT_ID		slotid;
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	pk11_sessionlist_t	sessions;
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	isc_boolean_t		logged;
	char			name[32];
	char			manuf[32];
	char			model[16];
	char			serial[16];
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	char			pin[PINLEN + 1];
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};
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static ISC_LIST(pk11_token_t) tokens;
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static pk11_token_t *rand_token;
static pk11_token_t *best_rsa_token;
static pk11_token_t *best_dsa_token;
static pk11_token_t *best_dh_token;
static pk11_token_t *digest_token;
static pk11_token_t *best_ec_token;
static pk11_token_t *best_gost_token;
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static pk11_token_t *aes_token;
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static isc_result_t free_all_sessions(void);
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static isc_result_t free_session_list(pk11_sessionlist_t *slist);
static isc_result_t setup_session(pk11_session_t *sp,
				  pk11_token_t *token,
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				  isc_boolean_t rw);
static void choose_slots(void);
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static isc_result_t token_login(pk11_session_t *sp);
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static char *percent_decode(char *x, size_t *len);
static isc_boolean_t pk11strcmp(const char *x, size_t lenx,
				const char *y, size_t leny);
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static CK_ATTRIBUTE *push_attribute(pk11_object_t *obj,
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				    isc_mem_t *mctx,
				    size_t len);

static isc_mutex_t alloclock;
static isc_mutex_t sessionlock;

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static pk11_sessionlist_t actives;
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static CK_C_INITIALIZE_ARGS pk11_init_args = {
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	NULL_PTR,               /* CreateMutex */
	NULL_PTR,               /* DestroyMutex */
	NULL_PTR,               /* LockMutex */
	NULL_PTR,               /* UnlockMutex */
	CKF_OS_LOCKING_OK,      /* flags */
	NULL_PTR,               /* pReserved */
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};

#ifndef PK11_LIB_LOCATION
#define PK11_LIB_LOCATION	"unknown_provider"
#endif

#ifndef WIN32
static const char *lib_name = PK11_LIB_LOCATION;
#else
static const char *lib_name = PK11_LIB_LOCATION ".dll";
#endif

void
pk11_set_lib_name(const char *name) {
	lib_name = name;
}

const char *
pk11_get_lib_name(void) {
	return (lib_name);
}

static void
initialize(void) {
	char *pk11_provider;

	RUNTIME_CHECK(isc_mutex_init(&alloclock) == ISC_R_SUCCESS);
	RUNTIME_CHECK(isc_mutex_init(&sessionlock) == ISC_R_SUCCESS);

	pk11_provider = getenv("PKCS11_PROVIDER");
	if (pk11_provider != NULL)
		lib_name = pk11_provider;
}

void *
pk11_mem_get(size_t size) {
	void *ptr;

	LOCK(&alloclock);
	if (pk11_mctx != NULL)
		ptr = isc_mem_get(pk11_mctx, size);
	else {
		ptr = malloc(size);
		if (ptr != NULL)
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			allocsize += (int)size;
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	}
	UNLOCK(&alloclock);

	if (ptr != NULL)
		memset(ptr, 0, size);
	return (ptr);
}

void
pk11_mem_put(void *ptr, size_t size) {
	if (ptr != NULL)
		memset(ptr, 0, size);
	LOCK(&alloclock);
	if (pk11_mctx != NULL)
		isc_mem_put(pk11_mctx, ptr, size);
	else {
		if (ptr != NULL)
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			allocsize -= (int)size;
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		free(ptr);
	}
	UNLOCK(&alloclock);
}

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isc_result_t
pk11_initialize(isc_mem_t *mctx, const char *engine) {
	isc_result_t result;
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	CK_RV rv;

	RUNTIME_CHECK(isc_once_do(&once, initialize) == ISC_R_SUCCESS);

	LOCK(&alloclock);
	if ((mctx != NULL) && (pk11_mctx == NULL) && (allocsize == 0))
		isc_mem_attach(mctx, &pk11_mctx);
	if (initialized) {
		UNLOCK(&alloclock);
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		return (ISC_R_SUCCESS);
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	} else {
		LOCK(&sessionlock);
		initialized = ISC_TRUE;
		UNLOCK(&alloclock);
	}

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	ISC_LIST_INIT(tokens);
	ISC_LIST_INIT(actives);

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	if (engine != NULL)
		lib_name = engine;
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	/* Initialize the CRYPTOKI library */
	rv = pkcs_C_Initialize((CK_VOID_PTR) &pk11_init_args);

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	if (rv == 0xfe) {
		result = PK11_R_NOPROVIDER;
		goto unlock;
	}
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	if (rv != CKR_OK) {
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		result = PK11_R_INITFAILED;
		goto unlock;
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	}

	choose_slots();
#ifdef PKCS11CRYPTO
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	if (rand_token == NULL) {
		result = PK11_R_NORANDOMSERVICE;
		goto unlock;
	}
	if (digest_token == NULL) {
		result = PK11_R_NODIGESTSERVICE;
		goto unlock;
	}
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#if defined(ISC_PLATFORM_USESIT) && defined(AES_SIT)
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	if (aes_token == NULL) {
		result = PK11_R_NOAESSERVICE;
		goto unlock;
	}
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#endif
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#endif /* PKCS11CRYPTO */
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	result = ISC_R_SUCCESS;
 unlock:
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	UNLOCK(&sessionlock);
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	return (result);
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}

isc_result_t
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pk11_finalize(void) {
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	pk11_token_t *token, *next;
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	isc_result_t ret;

	ret = free_all_sessions();
	(void) pkcs_C_Finalize(NULL_PTR);
	token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
	while (token != NULL) {
		next = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link);
		ISC_LIST_UNLINK(tokens, token, link);
		if (token == rand_token)
			rand_token = NULL;
		if (token == best_rsa_token)
			best_rsa_token = NULL;
		if (token == best_dsa_token)
			best_dsa_token = NULL;
		if (token == best_dh_token)
			best_dh_token = NULL;
		if (token == digest_token)
			digest_token = NULL;
		if (token == best_ec_token)
			best_ec_token = NULL;
		if (token == best_gost_token)
			best_gost_token = NULL;
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		if (token == aes_token)
			aes_token = NULL;
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		pk11_mem_put(token, sizeof(*token));
		token = next;
	}
	if (pk11_mctx != NULL)
		isc_mem_detach(&pk11_mctx);
	initialized = ISC_FALSE;
	return (ret);
}

isc_result_t
pk11_rand_bytes(unsigned char *buf, int num) {
	isc_result_t ret;
	CK_RV rv;
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	pk11_context_t ctx;
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	ret = pk11_get_session(&ctx, OP_RAND, ISC_FALSE, ISC_FALSE,
			       ISC_FALSE, NULL, 0);
	if ((ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS) &&
	    (ret != PK11_R_NODIGESTSERVICE) &&
	    (ret != PK11_R_NOAESSERVICE))
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		return (ret);
	RUNTIME_CHECK(ctx.session != CK_INVALID_HANDLE);
	rv = pkcs_C_GenerateRandom(ctx.session,
				   (CK_BYTE_PTR) buf, (CK_ULONG) num);
	pk11_return_session(&ctx);
	if (rv == CKR_OK)
		return (ISC_R_SUCCESS);
	else
		return (DST_R_CRYPTOFAILURE);
}

#define SEEDSIZE	1024

static CK_BYTE seed[SEEDSIZE];

void
pk11_rand_seed_fromfile(const char *randomfile) {
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	pk11_context_t ctx;
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	FILE *stream = NULL;
	size_t cc = 0;
	isc_result_t ret;

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	ret = pk11_get_session(&ctx, OP_RAND, ISC_FALSE, ISC_FALSE,
			       ISC_FALSE, NULL, 0);
	if ((ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS) &&
	    (ret != PK11_R_NODIGESTSERVICE) &&
	    (ret != PK11_R_NOAESSERVICE))
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		return;
	RUNTIME_CHECK(ctx.session != CK_INVALID_HANDLE);
	ret = isc_stdio_open(randomfile, "r", &stream);
	if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
		goto cleanup;
	ret = isc_stdio_read(seed, 1, SEEDSIZE, stream, &cc);
	if (ret!= ISC_R_SUCCESS)
		goto cleanup;
	ret = isc_stdio_close(stream);
	stream = NULL;
	if (ret!= ISC_R_SUCCESS)
		goto cleanup;
	(void) pkcs_C_SeedRandom(ctx.session, seed, (CK_ULONG) cc);

    cleanup:
	if (stream != NULL)
		(void) isc_stdio_close(stream);
	pk11_return_session(&ctx);
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}
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isc_result_t
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pk11_get_session(pk11_context_t *ctx, pk11_optype_t optype,
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		 isc_boolean_t need_services, isc_boolean_t rw,
		 isc_boolean_t logon, const char *pin, CK_SLOT_ID slot)
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{
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	pk11_token_t *token = NULL;
	pk11_sessionlist_t *freelist;
	pk11_session_t *sp;
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	isc_result_t ret;
#ifdef PKCS11CRYPTO
	isc_result_t service_ret = ISC_R_SUCCESS;
#else
	UNUSED(need_services);
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#endif
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	memset(ctx, 0, sizeof(pk11_context_t));
	ctx->handle = NULL;
	ctx->session = CK_INVALID_HANDLE;

	ret = pk11_initialize(NULL, NULL);
#ifdef PKCS11CRYPTO
	if (ret == PK11_R_NORANDOMSERVICE ||
	    ret == PK11_R_NODIGESTSERVICE ||
	    ret == PK11_R_NOAESSERVICE) {
		if (need_services)
			return (ret);
		service_ret = ret;
	}
	else
#endif /* PKCS11CRYPTO */
	if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
		return (ret);
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	LOCK(&sessionlock);
	/* wait for initialization to finish */
	UNLOCK(&sessionlock);

	switch(optype) {
#ifdef PKCS11CRYPTO
	case OP_RAND:
		token = rand_token;
		break;
	case OP_DIGEST:
		token = digest_token;
		break;
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	case OP_AES:
		token = aes_token;
		break;
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	case OP_ANY:
		for (token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
		     token != NULL;
		     token = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link))
			if (token->slotid == slot)
				break;
		break;
#endif
	default:
		for (token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
		     token != NULL;
		     token = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link))
			if (token->slotid == slot)
				break;
#ifdef PKCS11CRYPTO
		if ((token == NULL) ||
		    ((token->operations & (1 << optype)) == 0))
			return (ISC_R_NOTFOUND);
#endif
		break;
	}
	if (token == NULL)
		return (ISC_R_NOTFOUND);

	/* Override the token's PIN */
	if (logon && pin != NULL && *pin != '\0') {
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		if (strlen(pin) > PINLEN)
			return ISC_R_RANGE;
		memset(token->pin, 0, PINLEN + 1);
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		strncpy(token->pin, pin, PINLEN);
	}

	freelist = &token->sessions;

	LOCK(&sessionlock);
	sp = ISC_LIST_HEAD(*freelist);
	if (sp != NULL) {
		ISC_LIST_UNLINK(*freelist, sp, link);
		ISC_LIST_APPEND(actives, sp, link);
		UNLOCK(&sessionlock);
		if (logon)
			ret = token_login(sp);
		ctx->handle = sp;
		ctx->session = sp->session;
		return (ret);
	}
	UNLOCK(&sessionlock);

	sp = pk11_mem_get(sizeof(*sp));
	if (sp == NULL)
		return (ISC_R_NOMEMORY);
	sp->magic = SES_MAGIC;
	sp->token = token;
	sp->session = CK_INVALID_HANDLE;
	ISC_LINK_INIT(sp, link);
	ret = setup_session(sp, token, rw);
	if ((ret == ISC_R_SUCCESS) && logon)
		ret = token_login(sp);
	LOCK(&sessionlock);
	ISC_LIST_APPEND(actives, sp, link);
	UNLOCK(&sessionlock);
	ctx->handle = sp;
	ctx->session = sp->session;
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#ifdef PKCS11CRYPTO
	if (ret == ISC_R_SUCCESS)
		ret = service_ret;
#endif
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	return (ret);
}

void
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pk11_return_session(pk11_context_t *ctx) {
	pk11_session_t *sp = (pk11_session_t *) ctx->handle;
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	if (sp == NULL)
		return;
	ctx->handle = NULL;
	ctx->session = CK_INVALID_HANDLE;

	LOCK(&sessionlock);
	ISC_LIST_UNLINK(actives, sp, link);
	UNLOCK(&sessionlock);
	if (sp->session == CK_INVALID_HANDLE) {
		pk11_mem_put(sp, sizeof(*sp));
		return;
	}

	LOCK(&sessionlock);
	ISC_LIST_APPEND(sp->token->sessions, sp, link);
	UNLOCK(&sessionlock);
}

static isc_result_t
free_all_sessions(void) {
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	pk11_token_t *token;
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	isc_result_t ret = ISC_R_SUCCESS;
	isc_result_t oret;

	for (token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
	     token != NULL;
	     token = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link)) {
		oret = free_session_list(&token->sessions);
		if (oret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
			ret = oret;
	}
	if (!ISC_LIST_EMPTY(actives)) {
		ret = ISC_R_ADDRINUSE;
		oret = free_session_list(&actives);
		if (oret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
			ret = oret;
	}
	return (ret);
}

static isc_result_t
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free_session_list(pk11_sessionlist_t *slist) {
	pk11_session_t *sp;
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	CK_RV rv;
	isc_result_t ret;

	ret = ISC_R_SUCCESS;
	LOCK(&sessionlock);
	while (!ISC_LIST_EMPTY(*slist)) {
		sp = ISC_LIST_HEAD(*slist);
		UNLOCK(&sessionlock);
		if (sp->session != CK_INVALID_HANDLE) {
			rv = pkcs_C_CloseSession(sp->session);
			if (rv != CKR_OK)
				ret = DST_R_CRYPTOFAILURE;
		}
		LOCK(&sessionlock);
		ISC_LIST_UNLINK(*slist, sp, link);
		pk11_mem_put(sp, sizeof(*sp));
	}
	UNLOCK(&sessionlock);

	return (ret);
}

static isc_result_t
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setup_session(pk11_session_t *sp, pk11_token_t *token,
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	      isc_boolean_t rw)
{
	CK_RV rv;
	CK_FLAGS flags = CKF_SERIAL_SESSION;

	if (rw)
		flags += CKF_RW_SESSION;

	rv = pkcs_C_OpenSession(token->slotid, flags, NULL_PTR,
				NULL_PTR, &sp->session);
	if (rv != CKR_OK)
		return (DST_R_CRYPTOFAILURE);
	return (ISC_R_SUCCESS);
}

static isc_result_t
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token_login(pk11_session_t *sp) {
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	CK_RV rv;
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	pk11_token_t *token = sp->token;
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	isc_result_t ret = ISC_R_SUCCESS;

	LOCK(&sessionlock);
	if (!token->logged) {
		rv = pkcs_C_Login(sp->session, CKU_USER,
				  (CK_UTF8CHAR_PTR) token->pin,
				  (CK_ULONG) strlen(token->pin));
		if (rv != CKR_OK) {
			ret = ISC_R_NOPERM;
#if PK11_NO_LOGERR
			pk11_error_fatalcheck(__FILE__, __LINE__,
					      "pkcs_C_Login", rv);
#endif
		} else
			token->logged = ISC_TRUE;
	}
	UNLOCK(&sessionlock);
	return (ret);
}

static void
choose_slots(void) {
	CK_MECHANISM_INFO mechInfo;
	CK_TOKEN_INFO tokenInfo;
	CK_RV rv;
	CK_SLOT_ID slot;
	CK_SLOT_ID_PTR slotList;
	CK_ULONG slotCount;
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	pk11_token_t *token;
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	unsigned int i;

	slotCount = 0;
	PK11_FATALCHECK(pkcs_C_GetSlotList, (CK_FALSE, NULL_PTR, &slotCount));
	/* it's not an error if we didn't find any providers */
	if (slotCount == 0)
		return;
	slotList = pk11_mem_get(sizeof(CK_SLOT_ID_PTR) * slotCount);
	RUNTIME_CHECK(slotList != NULL);
	PK11_FATALCHECK(pkcs_C_GetSlotList, (CK_FALSE, slotList, &slotCount));

	for (i = 0; i < slotCount; i++) {
		slot = slotList[i];

		rv = pkcs_C_GetTokenInfo(slot, &tokenInfo);
		if (rv != CKR_OK)
			continue;
		token = pk11_mem_get(sizeof(*token));
		RUNTIME_CHECK(token != NULL);
		token->magic = TOK_MAGIC;
		token->slotid = slot;
		ISC_LINK_INIT(token, link);
		ISC_LIST_INIT(token->sessions);
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		memmove(token->name, tokenInfo.label, 32);
		memmove(token->manuf, tokenInfo.manufacturerID, 32);
		memmove(token->model, tokenInfo.model, 16);
		memmove(token->serial, tokenInfo.serialNumber, 16);
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		ISC_LIST_APPEND(tokens, token, link);
		if ((tokenInfo.flags & CKF_RNG) == 0)
			goto try_rsa;
		token->operations |= 1 << OP_RAND;
		if (rand_token == NULL)
			rand_token = token;

	try_rsa:
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_RSA_PKCS_KEY_PAIR_GEN,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_GENERATE_KEY_PAIR) == 0))
			goto try_dsa;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_MD5_RSA_PKCS,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_VERIFY) == 0))
			goto try_dsa;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA1_RSA_PKCS,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_VERIFY) == 0))
			goto try_dsa;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA256_RSA_PKCS,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_VERIFY) == 0))
			goto try_dsa;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA512_RSA_PKCS,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_VERIFY) == 0))
			goto try_dsa;
		token->operations |= 1 << OP_RSA;
		if (best_rsa_token == NULL)
			best_rsa_token = token;

	try_dsa:
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_DSA_PARAMETER_GEN,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_GENERATE) == 0))
			goto try_dh;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_DSA_KEY_PAIR_GEN,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_GENERATE_KEY_PAIR) == 0))
			goto try_dh;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_DSA_SHA1, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_VERIFY) == 0))
			goto try_dh;
		token->operations |= 1 << OP_DSA;
		if (best_dsa_token == NULL)
			best_dsa_token = token;

	try_dh:
#ifdef notdef
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_DH_PKCS_PARAMETER_GEN,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_GENERATE) == 0))
			goto try_digest;
#endif
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_DH_PKCS_KEY_PAIR_GEN,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_GENERATE_KEY_PAIR) == 0))
			goto try_digest;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_DH_PKCS_DERIVE,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_DERIVE) == 0))
			goto try_digest;
		token->operations |= 1 << OP_DH;
		if (best_dh_token == NULL)
			best_dh_token = token;

	try_digest:
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_MD5, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_DIGEST) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA_1, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_DIGEST) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA224, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_DIGEST) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA256, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_DIGEST) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA384, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_DIGEST) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA512, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_DIGEST) == 0))
			continue;
#ifdef PKCS11CRYPTOWITHHMAC
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_MD5_HMAC, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0))
			continue;
#endif
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA_1_HMAC, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA224_HMAC, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA256_HMAC, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA384_HMAC, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0))
			continue;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_SHA512_HMAC, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0))
			continue;
		token->operations |= 1 << OP_DIGEST;
		if (digest_token == NULL)
			digest_token = token;

		/* ECDSA requires digest */
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_EC_KEY_PAIR_GEN,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_GENERATE_KEY_PAIR) == 0))
			goto try_gost;
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_ECDSA, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_VERIFY) == 0))
			goto try_gost;
		token->operations |= 1 << OP_EC;
		if (best_ec_token == NULL)
			best_ec_token = token;

	try_gost:
		/* does GOST require digest too? */
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_GOSTR3411, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_DIGEST) == 0))
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			goto try_aes;
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		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_GOSTR3410_KEY_PAIR_GEN,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_GENERATE_KEY_PAIR) == 0))
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			goto try_aes;
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		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot,
					     CKM_GOSTR3410_WITH_GOSTR3411,
					     &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_SIGN) == 0) ||
		    ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_VERIFY) == 0))
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			goto try_aes;
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		token->operations |= 1 << OP_GOST;
		if (best_gost_token == NULL)
			best_gost_token = token;
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	try_aes:
		rv = pkcs_C_GetMechanismInfo(slot, CKM_AES_ECB, &mechInfo);
		if ((rv != CKR_OK) || ((mechInfo.flags & CKF_ENCRYPT) == 0))
			continue;
		token->operations |= 1 << OP_AES;
		if (aes_token == NULL)
			aes_token = token;
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	}

	if (slotList != NULL)
		pk11_mem_put(slotList, sizeof(CK_SLOT_ID_PTR) * slotCount);
}

CK_SLOT_ID
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pk11_get_best_token(pk11_optype_t optype) {
	pk11_token_t *token = NULL;
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	switch (optype) {
	case OP_RAND:
		token = rand_token;
		break;
	case OP_RSA:
		token = best_rsa_token;
		break;
	case OP_DSA:
		token = best_dsa_token;
		break;
	case OP_DH:
		token = best_dh_token;
		break;
	case OP_DIGEST:
		token = digest_token;
		break;
	case OP_EC:
		token = best_ec_token;
		break;
	case OP_GOST:
		token = best_gost_token;
		break;
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	case OP_AES:
		token = aes_token;
		break;
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	default:
		break;
	}
	if (token == NULL)
		return (0);
	return (token->slotid);
}

unsigned int
pk11_numbits(CK_BYTE_PTR data, unsigned int bytecnt) {
	unsigned int bitcnt, i;
	CK_BYTE top;

	if (bytecnt == 0)
		return (0);
	bitcnt = bytecnt * 8;
	for (i = 0; i < bytecnt; i++) {
		top = data[i];
		if (top == 0) {
			bitcnt -= 8;
			continue;
		}
		if (top & 0x80)
			return (bitcnt);
		if (top & 0x40)
			return (bitcnt - 1);
		if (top & 0x20)
			return (bitcnt - 2);
		if (top & 0x10)
			return (bitcnt - 3);
		if (top & 0x08)
			return (bitcnt - 4);
		if (top & 0x04)
			return (bitcnt - 5);
		if (top & 0x02)
			return (bitcnt - 6);
		if (top & 0x01)
			return (bitcnt - 7);
		break;
	}
	INSIST(0);
}

CK_ATTRIBUTE *
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pk11_attribute_first(const pk11_object_t *obj) {
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	return (obj->repr);
}

CK_ATTRIBUTE *
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pk11_attribute_next(const pk11_object_t *obj, CK_ATTRIBUTE *attr) {
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	CK_ATTRIBUTE *next;

	next = attr + 1;
	if ((next - obj->repr) >= obj->attrcnt)
		return (NULL);
	return (next);
}

CK_ATTRIBUTE *
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pk11_attribute_bytype(const pk11_object_t *obj, CK_ATTRIBUTE_TYPE type) {
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	CK_ATTRIBUTE *attr;

	for(attr = pk11_attribute_first(obj);
	    attr != NULL;
	    attr = pk11_attribute_next(obj, attr))
		if (attr->type == type)
			return (attr);
	return (NULL);
}

static char *
percent_decode(char *x, size_t *len) {
	char *p, *c;
	unsigned char v;

	INSIST(len != NULL);

	for (p = c = x; p[0] != '\0'; p++, c++) {
		switch (p[0]) {
		case '%':
			v = 0;
			switch (p[1]) {
			case '0':
			case '1':
			case '2':
			case '3':
			case '4':
			case '5':
			case '6':
			case '7':
			case '8':
			case '9':
				v = (p[1] - '0') << 4;
				break;
			case 'A':
			case 'B':
			case 'C':
			case 'D':
			case 'E':
			case 'F':
				v = (p[1] - 'A' + 10) << 4;
				break;
			case 'a':
			case 'b':
			case 'c':
			case 'd':
			case 'e':
			case 'f':
				v = (p[1] - 'a' + 10) << 4;
				break;
			default:
				return (NULL);
			}
			switch (p[2]) {
			case '0':
			case '1':
			case '2':
			case '3':
			case '4':
			case '5':
			case '6':
			case '7':
			case '8':
			case '9':
				v |= (p[2] - '0') & 0x0f;
				break;
			case 'A':
			case 'B':
			case 'C':
			case 'D':
			case 'E':
			case 'F':
				v = (p[2] - 'A' + 10) & 0x0f;
				break;
			case 'a':
			case 'b':
			case 'c':
			case 'd':
			case 'e':
			case 'f':
				v = (p[2] - 'a' + 10) & 0x0f;
				break;
			default:
				return (NULL);
			}
			p += 2;
			*c = (char) v;
			(*len)++;
			break;
		default:
			*c = *p;
			(*len)++;
		}
	}
	return (x);
}

static isc_boolean_t
pk11strcmp(const char *x, size_t lenx, const char *y, size_t leny) {
	char buf[32];

	INSIST((leny == 32) || (leny == 16));

	memset(buf, ' ', 32);
	if (lenx > leny)
		lenx = leny;
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	memmove(buf, x, lenx);
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	return (ISC_TF(memcmp(buf, y, leny) == 0));
}

static CK_ATTRIBUTE *
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push_attribute(pk11_object_t *obj, isc_mem_t *mctx, size_t len) {
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	CK_ATTRIBUTE *old = obj->repr;
	CK_ATTRIBUTE *attr;
	CK_BYTE cnt = obj->attrcnt;

	obj->repr = isc_mem_get(mctx, (cnt + 1) * sizeof(*attr));
	if (obj->repr == NULL) {
		obj->repr = old;
		return (NULL);
	}
	memset(obj->repr, 0, (cnt + 1) * sizeof(*attr));
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	memmove(obj->repr, old, cnt * sizeof(*attr));
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	attr = obj->repr + cnt;
	attr->ulValueLen = (CK_ULONG) len;
	attr->pValue = isc_mem_get(mctx, len);
	if (attr->pValue == NULL) {
		memset(obj->repr, 0, (cnt + 1) * sizeof(*attr));
		isc_mem_put(mctx, obj->repr, (cnt + 1) * sizeof(*attr));
		obj->repr = old;
		return (NULL);
	}
	memset(attr->pValue, 0, len);
	if (old != NULL) {
		memset(old, 0, cnt * sizeof(*attr));
		isc_mem_put(mctx, old, cnt * sizeof(*attr));
	}
	obj->attrcnt++;
	return (attr);
}

#define DST_RET(a)	{ ret = a; goto err; }

isc_result_t
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pk11_parse_uri(pk11_object_t *obj, const char *label,
	       isc_mem_t *mctx, pk11_optype_t optype)
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{
	CK_ATTRIBUTE *attr;
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	pk11_token_t *token = NULL;
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	char *uri, *p, *a, *na, *v;
	size_t len, l;
	FILE *stream = NULL;
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	char pin[PINLEN + 1];
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	isc_boolean_t gotpin = ISC_FALSE;
	isc_result_t ret;

	/* get values to work on */
	len = strlen(label) + 1;
	uri = isc_mem_get(mctx, len);
	if (uri == NULL)
		return (ISC_R_NOMEMORY);
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	memmove(uri, label, len);
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	/* get the URI scheme */
	p = strchr(uri, ':');
	if (p == NULL)
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		DST_RET(PK11_R_NOPROVIDER);
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	*p++ = '\0';
	if (strcmp(uri, "pkcs11") != 0)
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		DST_RET(PK11_R_NOPROVIDER);
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	/* get attributes */
	for (na = p; na != NULL;) {
		a = na;
		p = strchr(a, ';');
		if (p == NULL) {
			/* last attribute */
			na = NULL;
		} else {
			*p++ = '\0';
			na = p;
		}
		p = strchr(a, '=');
		if (p != NULL) {
			*p++ = '\0';
			v = p;
		} else
			v = a;
		l = 0;
		v = percent_decode(v, &l);
		if (v == NULL)
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			DST_RET(PK11_R_NOPROVIDER);
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		if ((a == v) || (strcmp(a, "object") == 0)) {
			/* object: CKA_LABEL */
			attr = pk11_attribute_bytype(obj, CKA_LABEL);
			if (attr != NULL)
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				DST_RET(PK11_R_NOPROVIDER);
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			attr = push_attribute(obj, mctx, l);
			if (attr == NULL)
				DST_RET(ISC_R_NOMEMORY);
			attr->type = CKA_LABEL;
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			memmove(attr->pValue, v, l);
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		} else if (strcmp(a, "token") == 0) {
			/* token: CK_TOKEN_INFO label */
			if (token == NULL)
				for (token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
				     token != NULL;
				     token = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link))
					if (pk11strcmp(v, l, token->name, 32))
						break;
		} else if (strcmp(a, "manufacturer") == 0) {
			/* manufacturer: CK_TOKEN_INFO manufacturerID */
			if (token == NULL)
				for (token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
				     token != NULL;
				     token = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link))
					if (pk11strcmp(v, l, token->manuf, 32))
						break;
		} else if (strcmp(a, "serial") == 0) {
			/* serial: CK_TOKEN_INFO serialNumber */
			if (token == NULL)
				for (token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
				     token != NULL;
				     token = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link))
					if (pk11strcmp(v, l, token->serial, 16))
						break;
		} else if (strcmp(a, "model") == 0) {
			/* model: CK_TOKEN_INFO model */
			if (token == NULL)
				for (token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
				     token != NULL;
				     token = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link))
					if (pk11strcmp(v, l, token->model, 16))
						break;
		} else if (strcmp(a, "library-manufacturer") == 0) {
			/* ignored */
		} else if (strcmp(a, "library-description") == 0) {
			/* ignored */
		} else if (strcmp(a, "library-version") == 0) {
			/* ignored */
		} else if (strcmp(a, "object-type") == 0) {
			/* object-type: CKA_CLASS */
			/* only private makes sense */
			if (strcmp(v, "private") != 0)
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				DST_RET(PK11_R_NOPROVIDER);
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		} else if (strcmp(a, "id") == 0) {
			/* id: CKA_ID */
			attr = pk11_attribute_bytype(obj, CKA_ID);
			if (attr != NULL)
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				DST_RET(PK11_R_NOPROVIDER);
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			attr = push_attribute(obj, mctx, l);
			if (attr == NULL)
				DST_RET(ISC_R_NOMEMORY);
			attr->type = CKA_ID;
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			memmove(attr->pValue, v, l);
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		} else if (strcmp(a, "pin-source") == 0) {
			/* pin-source: PIN */
			ret = isc_stdio_open(v, "r", &stream);
			if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
				goto err;
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			memset(pin, 0, PINLEN + 1);
			ret = isc_stdio_read(pin, 1, PINLEN + 1, stream, &l);
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			if ((ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS) && (ret != ISC_R_EOF))
				goto err;
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			if (l > PINLEN)
				DST_RET(ISC_R_RANGE);
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			ret = isc_stdio_close(stream);
			stream = NULL;
			if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
				goto err;
			gotpin = ISC_TRUE;
		} else
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			DST_RET(PK11_R_NOPROVIDER);
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	}

	if ((pk11_attribute_bytype(obj, CKA_LABEL) == NULL) &&
	    (pk11_attribute_bytype(obj, CKA_ID) == NULL))
		DST_RET(ISC_R_NOTFOUND);

	if (token == NULL) {
		if (optype == OP_RSA)
			token = best_rsa_token;
		else if (optype == OP_DSA)
			token = best_dsa_token;
		else if (optype == OP_DH)
			token = best_dh_token;
		else if (optype == OP_EC)
			token = best_ec_token;
	}
	if (token == NULL)
		DST_RET(ISC_R_NOTFOUND);
	obj->slot = token->slotid;
	if (gotpin) {
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		memmove(token->pin, pin, PINLEN + 1);
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		obj->reqlogon = ISC_TRUE;
	}

	ret = ISC_R_SUCCESS;

  err:
	if (stream != NULL)
		(void) isc_stdio_close(stream);
	isc_mem_put(mctx, uri, len);
	return (ret);
}

void
pk11_error_fatalcheck(const char *file, int line,
		      const char *funcname, CK_RV rv)
{
	isc_error_fatal(file, line, "%s: Error = 0x%.8lX\n", funcname, rv);
}

void
pk11_dump_tokens(void)
{
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	pk11_token_t *token;
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	isc_boolean_t first;

	printf("DEFAULTS\n");
	printf("\trand_token=%p\n", rand_token);
	printf("\tbest_rsa_token=%p\n", best_rsa_token);
	printf("\tbest_dsa_token=%p\n", best_dsa_token);
	printf("\tbest_dh_token=%p\n", best_dh_token);
	printf("\tdigest_token=%p\n", digest_token);
	printf("\tbest_ec_token=%p\n", best_ec_token);
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	printf("\tbest_gost_token=%p\n", best_gost_token);
	printf("\taes_token=%p\n", aes_token);
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	for (token = ISC_LIST_HEAD(tokens);
	     token != NULL;
	     token = ISC_LIST_NEXT(token, link)) {
		printf("\nTOKEN\n");
		printf("\taddress=%p\n", token);
		printf("\tslotID=%lu\n", token->slotid);
		printf("\tlabel=%.32s\n", token->name);
		printf("\tmanufacturerID=%.32s\n", token->manuf);
		printf("\tmodel=%.16s\n", token->model);
		printf("\tserialNumber=%.16s\n", token->serial);
		printf("\tsupported operations=0x%x (", token->operations);
		first = ISC_TRUE;
		if (token->operations & (1 << OP_RAND)) {
			if (!first)
				printf(",");
			first = ISC_FALSE;
			printf("RAND");
		}
		if (token->operations & (1 << OP_RSA)) {
			if (!first)
				printf(",");
			first = ISC_FALSE;
			printf("RSA");
		}
		if (token->operations & (1 << OP_DSA)) {
			if (!first)
				printf(",");
			first = ISC_FALSE;
			printf("DSA");
		}
		if (token->operations & (1 << OP_DH)) {
			if (!first)
				printf(",");
			first = ISC_FALSE;
			printf("DH");
		}
		if (token->operations & (1 << OP_DIGEST)) {
			if (!first)
				printf(",");
			first = ISC_FALSE;
			printf("DIGEST");
		}
		if (token->operations & (1 << OP_EC)) {
			if (!first)
				printf(",");
			first = ISC_FALSE;
			printf("EC");
		}
		printf(")\n");
	}
}