mem.c 26.3 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (C) 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000  Internet Software Consortium.
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 * 
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 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
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 * 
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 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND INTERNET SOFTWARE CONSORTIUM DISCLAIMS
 * ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL INTERNET SOFTWARE
 * CONSORTIUM BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR
 * PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS
 * ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

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#include <config.h>
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#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
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#include <stddef.h>
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#include <string.h>

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#include <limits.h>

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#include <isc/assertions.h>
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#include <isc/error.h>
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#include <isc/mem.h>
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#ifndef ISC_SINGLETHREADED
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#include <isc/mutex.h>
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#include <isc/util.h>
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#else
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#define LOCK(l)
#define UNLOCK(l)
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#endif

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#ifndef ISC_MEM_FILL
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	/*
	 * XXXMPA
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	 * We want this on during development to catch:
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	 * 1. some reference after free bugs.
	 * 2. some failure to initalise bugs.
	 */
#define ISC_MEM_FILL 1
#endif

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#ifndef ISC_MEMPOOL_NAMES
/*
 * During development it is nice to be able to see names associated with
 * memory pools.
 */
#define ISC_MEMPOOL_NAMES 1
#endif

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/*
 * Constants.
 */

#define DEF_MAX_SIZE		1100
#define DEF_MEM_TARGET		4096
#define ALIGNMENT_SIZE		8
#define NUM_BASIC_BLOCKS	64			/* must be > 1 */
#define TABLE_INCREMENT		1024

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/*
 * Types.
 */

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typedef struct element element;

struct element {
	element *		next;
};
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typedef struct {
	/*
	 * This structure must be ALIGNMENT_SIZE bytes.
	 */
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	union {
		size_t		size;
		char		bytes[ALIGNMENT_SIZE];
	} u;
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} size_info;
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struct stats {
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	unsigned long		gets;
	unsigned long		totalgets;
	unsigned long		blocks;
	unsigned long		freefrags;
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};

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#define MEM_MAGIC		0x4D656d43U	/* MemC. */
#define VALID_CONTEXT(c)	((c) != NULL && (c)->magic == MEM_MAGIC)
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struct isc_mem {
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	unsigned int		magic;
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	isc_ondestroy_t		ondestroy;
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	isc_mutex_t		lock;
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	isc_memalloc_t		memalloc;
	isc_memfree_t		memfree;
	void *			arg;
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	size_t			max_size;
	size_t			mem_target;
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	element **		freelists;
	element *		basic_blocks;
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	unsigned char **	basic_table;
	unsigned int		basic_table_count;
	unsigned int		basic_table_size;
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	unsigned char *		lowest;
	unsigned char *		highest;
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	isc_boolean_t		checkfree;
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	struct stats *		stats;
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	size_t			quota;
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	size_t			total;
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	ISC_LIST(isc_mempool_t)	pools;
};

#define MEMPOOL_MAGIC		0x4D454d70U	/* MEMp. */
#define VALID_MEMPOOL(c)	((c) != NULL && (c)->magic == MEMPOOL_MAGIC)

struct isc_mempool {
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	/* always unlocked */
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	unsigned int	magic;		/* magic number */
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	isc_mutex_t    *lock;		/* optional lock */
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	isc_mem_t      *mctx;		/* our memory context */
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	/* locked via the memory context's lock */
	ISC_LINK(isc_mempool_t)	link;	/* next pool in this mem context */
	/* optionally locked from here down */
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	element	       *items;		/* low water item list */
	size_t		size;		/* size of each item on this pool */
	unsigned int	maxalloc;	/* max number of items allowed */
	unsigned int	allocated;	/* # of items currently given out */
	unsigned int	freecount;	/* # of items on reserved list */
	unsigned int	freemax;	/* # of items allowed on free list */
	unsigned int	fillcount;	/* # of items to fetch on each fill */
	/* Stats only. */
	unsigned int	gets;		/* # of requests to this pool */
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	/* Debugging only. */
#if ISC_MEMPOOL_NAMES
	char		name[16];	/* printed name in stats reports */
#endif
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};

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/*
 * Forward.
 */
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static inline size_t		quantize(size_t);
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static inline void		mem_putunlocked(isc_mem_t *, void *, size_t);
static inline void *		mem_getunlocked(isc_mem_t *, size_t);
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/*
 * Private Inline-able.
 */
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static inline size_t
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quantize(size_t size) {
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	int temp;
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	/*
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	 * Round up the result in order to get a size big
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	 * enough to satisfy the request and be aligned on ALIGNMENT_SIZE
	 * byte boundaries.
	 */
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	temp = size + (ALIGNMENT_SIZE - 1);
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	return (temp - temp % ALIGNMENT_SIZE); 
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}

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/*
 * Private.
 */
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static void *
default_memalloc(void *arg, size_t size) {
	(void)arg;
	return (malloc(size));
}

static void
default_memfree(void *arg, void *ptr) {
	(void)arg;
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	free(ptr);
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}

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/*
 * Public.
 */
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isc_result_t
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isc_mem_createx(size_t init_max_size, size_t target_size,
		isc_memalloc_t memalloc, isc_memfree_t memfree, void *arg,
		isc_mem_t **ctxp)
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{
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	isc_mem_t *ctx;
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	REQUIRE(ctxp != NULL && *ctxp == NULL);
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	REQUIRE(memalloc != NULL);
	REQUIRE(memfree != NULL);
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	ctx = (memalloc)(arg, sizeof *ctx);
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	if (ctx == NULL)
		return (ISC_R_NOMEMORY);

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	if (init_max_size == 0)
		ctx->max_size = DEF_MAX_SIZE;
	else
		ctx->max_size = init_max_size;
	if (target_size == 0)
		ctx->mem_target = DEF_MEM_TARGET;
	else
		ctx->mem_target = target_size;
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	ctx->memalloc = memalloc;
	ctx->memfree = memfree;
	ctx->arg = arg;
	ctx->freelists = (memalloc)(arg, ctx->max_size * sizeof (element *));
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	if (ctx->freelists == NULL) {
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		(memfree)(arg, ctx);
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		return (ISC_R_NOMEMORY);
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	}
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	ctx->checkfree = ISC_TRUE;
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	memset(ctx->freelists, 0,
	       ctx->max_size * sizeof (element *));
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	ctx->stats = (memalloc)(arg,
				(ctx->max_size+1) * sizeof (struct stats));
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	if (ctx->stats == NULL) {
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		(memfree)(arg, ctx->freelists);
		(memfree)(arg, ctx);
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		return (ISC_R_NOMEMORY);
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	}
	memset(ctx->stats, 0, (ctx->max_size + 1) * sizeof (struct stats));
	ctx->basic_blocks = NULL;
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	ctx->basic_table = NULL;
	ctx->basic_table_count = 0;
	ctx->basic_table_size = 0;
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	ctx->lowest = NULL;
	ctx->highest = NULL;
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	if (isc_mutex_init(&ctx->lock) != ISC_R_SUCCESS) {
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		(memfree)(arg, ctx->stats);
		(memfree)(arg, ctx->freelists);
		(memfree)(arg, ctx);
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		UNEXPECTED_ERROR(__FILE__, __LINE__,
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				 "isc_mutex_init() failed");
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		return (ISC_R_UNEXPECTED);
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	}
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	ctx->quota = 0;
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	ctx->total = 0;
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	ctx->magic = MEM_MAGIC;
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	isc_ondestroy_init(&ctx->ondestroy);
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	ISC_LIST_INIT(ctx->pools);

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	*ctxp = ctx;
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	return (ISC_R_SUCCESS);
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}

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isc_result_t
isc_mem_create(size_t init_max_size, size_t target_size,
	       isc_mem_t **ctxp)
{
	return (isc_mem_createx(init_max_size, target_size,
				default_memalloc, default_memfree, NULL,
				ctxp));
}

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void
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isc_mem_destroy(isc_mem_t **ctxp) {
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	unsigned int i;
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	isc_mem_t *ctx;
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	isc_ondestroy_t ondest;
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	REQUIRE(ctxp != NULL);
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	ctx = *ctxp;
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	REQUIRE(VALID_CONTEXT(ctx));

	ctx->magic = 0;
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	INSIST(ISC_LIST_EMPTY(ctx->pools));

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	if (ctx->checkfree) {
		for (i = 0; i <= ctx->max_size; i++)
			INSIST(ctx->stats[i].gets == 0);
	}

#if 0					/* XXX brister debugging */
	for (i = 0; i < ctx->basic_table_count; i++)
		memset(ctx->basic_table[i], 0x0,
		       NUM_BASIC_BLOCKS * ctx->mem_target);
#endif
	
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	for (i = 0; i < ctx->basic_table_count; i++)
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		(ctx->memfree)(ctx->arg, ctx->basic_table[i]);
	(ctx->memfree)(ctx->arg, ctx->freelists);
	(ctx->memfree)(ctx->arg, ctx->stats);
	(ctx->memfree)(ctx->arg, ctx->basic_table);
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	ondest = ctx->ondestroy;

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	(void)isc_mutex_destroy(&ctx->lock);
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	(ctx->memfree)(ctx->arg, ctx);
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	isc_ondestroy_notify(&ondest, ctx);

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	*ctxp = NULL;
}

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isc_result_t
isc_mem_ondestroy(isc_mem_t *ctx, isc_task_t *task, isc_event_t **event) {
	isc_result_t res;
	
	LOCK(&ctx->lock);
	res = isc_ondestroy_register(&ctx->ondestroy, task, event);
	UNLOCK(&ctx->lock);

	return (res);
}


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isc_result_t
isc_mem_restore(isc_mem_t *ctx) {
	isc_result_t result;

	result = isc_mutex_init(&ctx->lock); 
	if (result != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
		ctx->magic = 0;

	return (result);
}

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static void
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more_basic_blocks(isc_mem_t *ctx) {
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	void *new;
	unsigned char *curr, *next;
	unsigned char *first, *last;
	unsigned char **table;
	unsigned int table_size;
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	size_t increment;
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	int i;

	/* Require: we hold the context lock. */

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	/*
	 * Did we hit the quota for this context?
	 */
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	increment = NUM_BASIC_BLOCKS * ctx->mem_target;
	if (ctx->quota != 0 && ctx->total + increment > ctx->quota)
		return;
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	INSIST(ctx->basic_table_count <= ctx->basic_table_size);
	if (ctx->basic_table_count == ctx->basic_table_size) {
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		table_size = ctx->basic_table_size + TABLE_INCREMENT;
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		table = (ctx->memalloc)(ctx->arg,
					table_size * sizeof (unsigned char *));
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		if (table == NULL)
			return;
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		if (ctx->basic_table_size != 0) {
			memcpy(table, ctx->basic_table,
			       ctx->basic_table_size *
			       sizeof (unsigned char *));
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			(ctx->memfree)(ctx->arg, ctx->basic_table);
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		}
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		ctx->basic_table = table;
		ctx->basic_table_size = table_size;
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	}
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	new = (ctx->memalloc)(ctx->arg, NUM_BASIC_BLOCKS * ctx->mem_target);
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	if (new == NULL)
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		return;
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	ctx->total += increment;
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	ctx->basic_table[ctx->basic_table_count] = new;
	ctx->basic_table_count++;
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	curr = new;
	next = curr + ctx->mem_target;
	for (i = 0; i < (NUM_BASIC_BLOCKS - 1); i++) {
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		((element *)curr)->next = (element *)next;
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		curr = next;
		next += ctx->mem_target;
	}
	/*
	 * curr is now pointing at the last block in the
	 * array.
	 */
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	((element *)curr)->next = NULL;
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	first = new;
	last = first + NUM_BASIC_BLOCKS * ctx->mem_target - 1;
	if (first < ctx->lowest || ctx->lowest == NULL)
		ctx->lowest = first;
	if (last > ctx->highest)
		ctx->highest = last;
	ctx->basic_blocks = new;
}

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void *
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__isc_mem_get(isc_mem_t *ctx, size_t size)
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{
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	void *ret;

	REQUIRE(size > 0);
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	REQUIRE(VALID_CONTEXT(ctx));
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	LOCK(&ctx->lock);
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	ret = mem_getunlocked(ctx, size);
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	UNLOCK(&ctx->lock);

	return (ret);
}

static inline void *
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mem_getunlocked(isc_mem_t *ctx, size_t size)
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{
	size_t new_size = quantize(size);
	void *ret;
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	if (size >= ctx->max_size || new_size >= ctx->max_size) {
		/* memget() was called on something beyond our upper limit. */
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		if (ctx->quota != 0 && ctx->total + size > ctx->quota) {
			ret = NULL;
			goto done;
		}
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		ret = (ctx->memalloc)(ctx->arg, size);
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		if (ret != NULL) {
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			ctx->total += size;
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			ctx->stats[ctx->max_size].gets++;
			ctx->stats[ctx->max_size].totalgets++;
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			/*
			 * If we don't set new_size to size, then the
			 * ISC_MEM_FILL code might write over bytes we
			 * don't own.
			 */
			new_size = size;
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		}
		goto done;
	}

	/* 
	 * If there are no blocks in the free list for this size, get a chunk
	 * of memory and then break it up into "new_size"-sized blocks, adding
	 * them to the free list.
	 */
	if (ctx->freelists[new_size] == NULL) {
		int i, frags;
		size_t total_size;
		void *new;
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		unsigned char *curr, *next;
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		if (ctx->basic_blocks == NULL) {
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			more_basic_blocks(ctx);
			if (ctx->basic_blocks == NULL) {
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				ret = NULL;
				goto done;
			}
		}
		total_size = ctx->mem_target;
		new = ctx->basic_blocks;
		ctx->basic_blocks = ctx->basic_blocks->next;
		frags = total_size / new_size;
		ctx->stats[new_size].blocks++;
		ctx->stats[new_size].freefrags += frags;
		/* Set up a linked-list of blocks of size "new_size". */
		curr = new;
		next = curr + new_size;
		for (i = 0; i < (frags - 1); i++) {
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			((element *)curr)->next = (element *)next;
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			curr = next;
			next += new_size;
		}
		/* curr is now pointing at the last block in the array. */
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		((element *)curr)->next = NULL;
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		ctx->freelists[new_size] = new;
	}

	/* The free list uses the "rounded-up" size "new_size": */
	ret = ctx->freelists[new_size];
	ctx->freelists[new_size] = ctx->freelists[new_size]->next;

	/* 
	 * The stats[] uses the _actual_ "size" requested by the
	 * caller, with the caveat (in the code above) that "size" >= the
	 * max. size (max_size) ends up getting recorded as a call to
	 * max_size.
	 */
	ctx->stats[size].gets++;
	ctx->stats[size].totalgets++;
	ctx->stats[new_size].freefrags--;

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#if ISC_MEM_FILL
	if (ret != NULL)
		memset(ret, 0xbe, new_size); /* Mnemonic for "beef". */
#endif

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	return (ret);
}

void
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__isc_mem_put(isc_mem_t *ctx, void *mem, size_t size)
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{
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	REQUIRE(size > 0);
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	REQUIRE(VALID_CONTEXT(ctx));
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	LOCK(&ctx->lock);
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	mem_putunlocked(ctx, mem, size);
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	UNLOCK(&ctx->lock);
}

static inline void
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mem_putunlocked(isc_mem_t *ctx, void *mem, size_t size)
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{
	size_t new_size = quantize(size);
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	if (size == ctx->max_size || new_size >= ctx->max_size) {
		/* memput() called on something beyond our upper limit */
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#if ISC_MEM_FILL
		memset(mem, 0xde, size); /* Mnemonic for "dead". */
#endif
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		(ctx->memfree)(ctx->arg, mem);
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		INSIST(ctx->stats[ctx->max_size].gets != 0);
		ctx->stats[ctx->max_size].gets--;
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		INSIST(size <= ctx->total);
		ctx->total -= size;
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		return;
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	}

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#if ISC_MEM_FILL
	memset(mem, 0xde, new_size); /* Mnemonic for "dead". */
#endif
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	/* The free list uses the "rounded-up" size "new_size": */
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	((element *)mem)->next = ctx->freelists[new_size];
	ctx->freelists[new_size] = (element *)mem;
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	/* 
	 * The stats[] uses the _actual_ "size" requested by the
	 * caller, with the caveat (in the code above) that "size" >= the
	 * max. size (max_size) ends up getting recorded as a call to
	 * max_size.
	 */
	INSIST(ctx->stats[size].gets != 0);
	ctx->stats[size].gets--;
	ctx->stats[new_size].freefrags++;
}

void *
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__isc_mem_getdebug(isc_mem_t *ctx, size_t size, const char *file, int line) {
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	void *ptr;
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	ptr = __isc_mem_get(ctx, size);
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	fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: mem_get(%p, %lu) -> %p\n", file, line,
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		ctx, (unsigned long)size, ptr);
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	return (ptr);
}

void
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__isc_mem_putdebug(isc_mem_t *ctx, void *ptr, size_t size, const char *file,
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		 int line)
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{
	fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: mem_put(%p, %p, %lu)\n", file, line, 
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		ctx, ptr, (unsigned long)size);
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	__isc_mem_put(ctx, ptr, size);
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}

/*
 * Print the stats[] on the stream "out" with suitable formatting.
 */
void
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isc_mem_stats(isc_mem_t *ctx, FILE *out) {
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	size_t i;
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	const struct stats *s;
	const isc_mempool_t *pool;
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	REQUIRE(VALID_CONTEXT(ctx));
	LOCK(&ctx->lock);
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	if (ctx->freelists != NULL) {
		for (i = 1; i <= ctx->max_size; i++) {
			s = &ctx->stats[i];

			if (s->totalgets == 0 && s->gets == 0)
				continue;
			fprintf(out, "%s%5d: %11lu gets, %11lu rem",
				(i == ctx->max_size) ? ">=" : "  ",
				i, s->totalgets, s->gets);
			if (s->blocks != 0)
				fprintf(out, " (%lu bl, %lu ff)",
					s->blocks, s->freefrags);
			fputc('\n', out);
		}
	}

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	/*
	 * Note that since a pool can be locked now, these stats might be
	 * somewhat off if the pool is in active use at the time the stats
	 * are dumped.  The link fields are protected by the isc_mem_t's
	 * lock, however, so walking this list and extracting integers from
	 * stats fields is always safe.
	 */
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	pool = ISC_LIST_HEAD(ctx->pools);
	if (pool != NULL) {
		fprintf(out, "[Pool statistics]\n");
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		fprintf(out, "%15s %10s %10s %10s %10s %10s %10s %10s %1s\n",
			"name", "size", "maxalloc", "allocated", "freecount",
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			"freemax", "fillcount", "gets", "L");
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	}
	while (pool != NULL) {
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		fprintf(out, "%15s %10u %10u %10u %10u %10u %10u %10u %s\n",
			pool->name, pool->size, pool->maxalloc,
			pool->allocated, pool->freecount, pool->freemax,
			pool->fillcount, pool->gets,
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			(pool->lock == NULL ? "N" : "Y"));
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		pool = ISC_LIST_NEXT(pool, link);
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	}

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	UNLOCK(&ctx->lock);
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}

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isc_boolean_t
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isc_mem_valid(isc_mem_t *ctx, void *ptr) {
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	unsigned char *cp = ptr;
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	isc_boolean_t result = ISC_FALSE;
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	REQUIRE(VALID_CONTEXT(ctx));
	LOCK(&ctx->lock);
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	if (ctx->lowest != NULL && cp >= ctx->lowest && cp <= ctx->highest)
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		result = ISC_TRUE;
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	UNLOCK(&ctx->lock);
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	return (result);
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}

/*
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 * Replacements for malloc() and free() -- they implicitly remember the
 * size of the object allocated (with some additional overhead).
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 */

void *
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__isc_mem_allocate(isc_mem_t *ctx, size_t size) {
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	size_info *si;
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	size += ALIGNMENT_SIZE;
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	si = __isc_mem_get(ctx, size);
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	if (si == NULL)
		return (NULL);
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	si->u.size = size;
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	return (&si[1]);
}

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void *
__isc_mem_allocatedebug(isc_mem_t *ctx, size_t size, const char *file,
			int line) {
	size_info *si;

	si = __isc_mem_allocate(ctx, size);
	if (si == NULL)
		return (NULL);
	fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: mem_get(%p, %lu) -> %p\n", file, line,
		ctx, (unsigned long)si[-1].u.size, si);
	return (si);
}

void
__isc_mem_free(isc_mem_t *ctx, void *ptr) {
	size_info *si;

	si = &(((size_info *)ptr)[-1]);
	__isc_mem_put(ctx, si, si->u.size);
}

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void
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__isc_mem_freedebug(isc_mem_t *ctx, void *ptr, const char *file, int line) {
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	size_info *si;
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	si = &(((size_info *)ptr)[-1]);
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	fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: mem_put(%p, %p, %lu)\n", file, line, 
		ctx, ptr, (unsigned long)si->u.size);
	__isc_mem_put(ctx, si, si->u.size);
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}

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/*
 * Other useful things.
 */

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char *
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__isc_mem_strdup(isc_mem_t *mctx, const char *s) {
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	size_t len;
	char *ns;

	len = strlen(s);
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	ns = __isc_mem_allocate(mctx, len + 1);
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	if (ns == NULL)
		return (NULL);
	strncpy(ns, s, len + 1);
	
	return (ns);
}

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char *
__isc_mem_strdupdebug(isc_mem_t *mctx, const char *s, const char *file,
		      int line) {
	char *ptr;
	size_info *si;

	ptr = __isc_mem_strdup(mctx, s);
	si = &(((size_info *)ptr)[-1]);
	fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: mem_get(%p, %lu) -> %p\n", file, line,
		mctx, (unsigned long)si->u.size, ptr);
	return (ptr);
}

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isc_boolean_t
isc_mem_destroy_check(isc_mem_t *mctx, isc_boolean_t flag) {
	isc_boolean_t oldval;

	INSIST(mctx != NULL);

	oldval = mctx->checkfree;
	mctx->checkfree = flag;
	return (oldval);
}


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/*
 * Quotas
 */

void
isc_mem_setquota(isc_mem_t *ctx, size_t quota) {
	REQUIRE(VALID_CONTEXT(ctx));
	LOCK(&ctx->lock);

	ctx->quota = quota;

	UNLOCK(&ctx->lock);
}

size_t
isc_mem_getquota(isc_mem_t *ctx) {
	size_t quota;

	REQUIRE(VALID_CONTEXT(ctx));
	LOCK(&ctx->lock);

	quota = ctx->quota;

	UNLOCK(&ctx->lock);

	return (quota);
}

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#ifdef ISC_MEMCLUSTER_LEGACY

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/*
 * Public Legacy.
 */

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static isc_mem_t *default_context = NULL;
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int
meminit(size_t init_max_size, size_t target_size) {
	/* need default_context lock here */
	if (default_context != NULL)
		return (-1);
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	return (isc_mem_create(init_max_size, target_size, &default_context));
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}

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isc_mem_t *
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mem_default_context(void) {
	/* need default_context lock here */
	if (default_context == NULL && meminit(0, 0) == -1)
		return (NULL);
	return (default_context);
}

void *
__memget(size_t size) {
	/* need default_context lock here */
	if (default_context == NULL && meminit(0, 0) == -1)
		return (NULL);
	return (__mem_get(default_context, size));
}

void
__memput(void *mem, size_t size) {
	/* need default_context lock here */
	REQUIRE(default_context != NULL);
	__mem_put(default_context, mem, size);
}

void *
__memget_debug(size_t size, const char *file, int line) {
	void *ptr;
	ptr = __memget(size);
	fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: memget(%lu) -> %p\n", file, line,
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		(unsigned long)size, ptr);
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	return (ptr);
}

void
__memput_debug(void *ptr, size_t size, const char *file, int line) {
	fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: memput(%p, %lu)\n", file, line, 
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		ptr, (unsigned long)size);
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	__memput(ptr, size);
}

int
memvalid(void *ptr) {
	/* need default_context lock here */
	REQUIRE(default_context != NULL);
	return (mem_valid(default_context, ptr));
}

void
memstats(FILE *out) {
	/* need default_context lock here */
	REQUIRE(default_context != NULL);
	mem_stats(default_context, out);
}
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#endif /* ISC_MEMCLUSTER_LEGACY */
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/*
 * Memory pool stuff
 */


#if 0
/*
 * Free all but "n" items from the pool's free list.  If n == 0, all items
 * will be returned to the mctx.
 */
static void
mempool_release(isc_mempool_t *mpctx, unsigned int n)
{
	isc_mem_t *mctx;
	element *item;
	element *next;
	unsigned int count;

	mctx = mpctx->mctx;

	if (mpctx->freecount <= n)
		return;

	INSIST(mpctx->items != NULL);
	item = mpctx->items;
	for (count = 0 ; count < n ; count++) {
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		item = item->next;
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		INSIST(item != NULL);
	}

	/*
	 * All remaining items are to be freed.  Lock the context once,
	 * free them all, and unlock the context.
	 */
	LOCK(&mctx->lock);
	do {
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		next = item->next;
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		mem_putunlocked(mctx, item, mpctx->size);
		INSIST(mpctx->freecount > 0);
		mpctx->freecount--;
		item = next;
	} while (item != NULL);
	UNLOCK(&mctx->lock);
}
#endif

/*
 * Release all items on the free list.  No locking is done, the memory
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 * context must be locked, and the pool if needed.
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 */
static void
mempool_releaseall(isc_mempool_t *mpctx)
{
	isc_mem_t *mctx;
	element *item;
	element *next;

	mctx = mpctx->mctx;

	if (mpctx->freecount == 0)
		return;

	INSIST(mpctx->items != NULL);
	item = mpctx->items;

	do {
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		next = item->next;
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		mem_putunlocked(mctx, item, mpctx->size);
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		INSIST(mpctx->freecount > 0);
		mpctx->freecount--;
		item = next;
	} while (item != NULL);
}

isc_result_t
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isc_mempool_create(isc_mem_t *mctx, size_t size, isc_mempool_t **mpctxp)
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{
	isc_mempool_t *mpctx;

	REQUIRE(VALID_CONTEXT(mctx));
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	REQUIRE(size > 0);
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	REQUIRE(mpctxp != NULL && *mpctxp == NULL);

	/*
	 * Allocate space for this pool, initialize values, and if all works
	 * well, attach to the memory context.
	 */
	LOCK(&mctx->lock);

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	mpctx = mem_getunlocked(mctx, sizeof(isc_mempool_t));
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	if (mpctx == NULL) {
		UNLOCK(&mctx->lock);
		return (ISC_R_NOMEMORY);
	}

	mpctx->magic = MEMPOOL_MAGIC;
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	mpctx->lock = NULL;
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	mpctx->mctx = mctx;
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	mpctx->size = size;
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	mpctx->maxalloc = UINT_MAX;
	mpctx->allocated = 0;
	mpctx->freecount = 0;
	mpctx->freemax = 1;
	mpctx->fillcount = 1;
	mpctx->gets = 0;
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#if ISC_MEMPOOL_NAMES
	mpctx->name[0] = 0;
#endif
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	mpctx->items = NULL;

	*mpctxp = mpctx;

	ISC_LIST_APPEND(mctx->pools, mpctx, link);

	UNLOCK(&mctx->lock);

	return (ISC_R_SUCCESS);
}

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void
isc_mempool_setname(isc_mempool_t *mpctx, char *name)
{
	REQUIRE(name != NULL);

#if ISC_MEMPOOL_NAMES
	if (mpctx->lock != NULL)
		LOCK(mpctx->lock);

	memset(mpctx->name, 0, sizeof(mpctx->name));
	strncpy(mpctx->name, name, sizeof(mpctx->name) - 1);

	if (mpctx->lock != NULL)
		UNLOCK(mpctx->lock);
#else
	(void)mpctx;
	(void)name;
#endif
}

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void
isc_mempool_destroy(isc_mempool_t **mpctxp)
{
	isc_mempool_t *mpctx;
	isc_mem_t *mctx;
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	isc_mutex_t *lock;
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	REQUIRE(mpctxp != NULL);
	mpctx = *mpctxp;
	REQUIRE(VALID_MEMPOOL(mpctx));
	REQUIRE(mpctx->allocated == 0);

	mctx = mpctx->mctx;

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	lock = mpctx->lock;

	if (lock != NULL)
		LOCK(lock);

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	LOCK(&mctx->lock);

	/*
	 * Return any items on the free list
	 */
	mempool_releaseall(mpctx);

	/*
	 * Remove our linked list entry from the memory context.
	 */
	ISC_LIST_UNLINK(mctx->pools, mpctx, link);
	
	mpctx->magic = 0;

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	mem_putunlocked(mpctx->mctx, mpctx, sizeof(isc_mempool_t));
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	UNLOCK(&mctx->lock);

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	if (lock != NULL)
		UNLOCK(lock);

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	*mpctxp = NULL;
}

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void
isc_mempool_associatelock(isc_mempool_t *mpctx, isc_mutex_t *lock)
{
	REQUIRE(VALID_MEMPOOL(mpctx));
	REQUIRE(mpctx->lock == NULL);
	REQUIRE(lock != NULL);

	mpctx->lock = lock;
}

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void *
__isc_mempool_get(isc_mempool_t *mpctx)
{
	element *item;
	isc_mem_t *mctx;
	unsigned int i;

	REQUIRE(VALID_MEMPOOL(mpctx));

	mctx = mpctx->mctx;

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	if (mpctx->lock != NULL)
		LOCK(mpctx->lock);

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	/*
	 * Don't let the caller go over quota
	 */
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	if (mpctx->allocated >= mpctx->maxalloc) {
		item = NULL;
		goto out;
	}
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	/*
	 * if we have a free list item, return the first here
	 */
	item = mpctx->items;
	if (item != NULL) {
		mpctx->items = item->next;
		INSIST(mpctx->freecount > 0);
		mpctx->freecount--;
		mpctx->gets++;
		mpctx->allocated++;
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		goto out;
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	}

	/*
	 * We need to dip into the well.  Lock the memory context here and
	 * fill up our free list.
	 */
	LOCK(&mctx->lock);
	for (i = 0 ; i < mpctx->fillcount ; i++) {
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		item = mem_getunlocked(mctx, mpctx->size);
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		if (item == NULL)
			break;
		item->next = mpctx->items;
		mpctx->items = item;
		mpctx->freecount++;
	}
	UNLOCK(&mctx->lock);

	/*
	 * If we didn't get any items, return NULL.
	 */
	item = mpctx->items;
	if (item == NULL)
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		goto out;
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	mpctx->items = item->next;
	mpctx->freecount--;
	mpctx->gets++;
	mpctx->allocated++;
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 out:
	if (mpctx->lock != NULL)
		UNLOCK(mpctx->lock);

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	return (item);
}

void
__isc_mempool_put(isc_mempool_t *mpctx, void *mem)
{
	isc_mem_t *mctx;
	element *item;

	REQUIRE(VALID_MEMPOOL(mpctx));
	REQUIRE(mem != NULL);

	mctx = mpctx->mctx;

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	if (mpctx->lock != NULL)
		LOCK(mpctx->lock);

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	INSIST(mpctx->allocated > 0);
	mpctx->allocated--;

	/*
	 * If our free list is full, return this to the mctx directly.
	 */
	if (mpctx->freecount >= mpctx->freemax) {
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		__isc_mem_put(mctx, mem, mpctx->size);
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		if (mpctx->lock != NULL)
			UNLOCK(mpctx->lock);
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