tm.c 10.5 KB
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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2014  Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
 * REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
 * AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
 * OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
 * PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 */

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/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1997, 1998 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code was contributed to The NetBSD Foundation by Klaus Klein.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
 * TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
 * BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

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#include <config.h>

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#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
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#include <ctype.h>

#include <isc/tm.h>
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#include <isc/util.h>
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/*
 * Portable conversion routines for struct tm, replacing
 * timegm() and strptime(), which are not available on all
 * platforms and don't always behave the same way when they
 * are.
 */

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/*
 * We do not implement alternate representations. However, we always
 * check whether a given modifier is allowed for a certain conversion.
 */
#define ALT_E			0x01
#define ALT_O			0x02
#define	LEGAL_ALT(x)		{ if (alt_format & ~(x)) return (0); }

#ifndef TM_YEAR_BASE
#define TM_YEAR_BASE 1900
#endif

static const char *day[7] = {
	"Sunday", "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday", "Thursday",
	"Friday", "Saturday"
};
static const char *abday[7] = {
	"Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat"
};
static const char *mon[12] = {
	"January", "February", "March", "April", "May", "June", "July",
	"August", "September", "October", "November", "December"
};
static const char *abmon[12] = {
	"Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun",
	"Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"
};
static const char *am_pm[2] = {
	"AM", "PM"
};

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static int
conv_num(const char **buf, int *dest, int llim, int ulim) {
	int result = 0;

	/* The limit also determines the number of valid digits. */
	int rulim = ulim;

	if (**buf < '0' || **buf > '9')
		return (0);

	do {
		result *= 10;
		result += *(*buf)++ - '0';
		rulim /= 10;
	} while ((result * 10 <= ulim) &&
		 rulim && **buf >= '0' && **buf <= '9');

	if (result < llim || result > ulim)
		return (0);

	*dest = result;
	return (1);
}

time_t
isc_tm_timegm(struct tm *tm) {
	time_t ret;
	int i, yday = 0, leapday;
	int mdays[] = { 31, 28, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30 };

	leapday = ((((tm->tm_year + 1900 ) % 4) == 0 &&
		    ((tm->tm_year + 1900 ) % 100) != 0) ||
		   ((tm->tm_year + 1900 ) % 400) == 0) ? 1 : 0;
	mdays[1] += leapday;

	yday = tm->tm_mday - 1;
	for (i = 1; i <= tm->tm_mon; i++)
		yday += mdays[i - 1];
	ret = tm->tm_sec +
	      (60 * tm->tm_min) +
	      (3600 * tm->tm_hour) +
	      (86400 * (yday +
		       ((tm->tm_year - 70) * 365) +
		       ((tm->tm_year - 69) / 4) -
		       ((tm->tm_year - 1) / 100) +
		       ((tm->tm_year + 299) / 400)));
	return (ret);
}

char *
isc_tm_strptime(const char *buf, const char *fmt, struct tm *tm) {
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	char c, *ret;
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	const char *bp;
	size_t len = 0;
	int alt_format, i, split_year = 0;

	bp = buf;

	while ((c = *fmt) != '\0') {
		/* Clear `alternate' modifier prior to new conversion. */
		alt_format = 0;

		/* Eat up white-space. */
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		if (isspace((unsigned char) c)) {
			while (isspace((unsigned char) *bp))
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				bp++;

			fmt++;
			continue;
		}

		if ((c = *fmt++) != '%')
			goto literal;


again:		switch (c = *fmt++) {
		case '%':	/* "%%" is converted to "%". */
literal:
			if (c != *bp++)
				return (0);
			break;

		/*
		 * "Alternative" modifiers. Just set the appropriate flag
		 * and start over again.
		 */
		case 'E':	/* "%E?" alternative conversion modifier. */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
			alt_format |= ALT_E;
			goto again;

		case 'O':	/* "%O?" alternative conversion modifier. */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
			alt_format |= ALT_O;
			goto again;

		/*
		 * "Complex" conversion rules, implemented through recursion.
		 */
		case 'c':	/* Date and time, using the locale's format. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_E);
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			if (!(bp = isc_tm_strptime(bp, "%x %X", tm)))
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				return (0);
			break;

		case 'D':	/* The date as "%m/%d/%y". */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
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			if (!(bp = isc_tm_strptime(bp, "%m/%d/%y", tm)))
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				return (0);
			break;

		case 'R':	/* The time as "%H:%M". */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
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			if (!(bp = isc_tm_strptime(bp, "%H:%M", tm)))
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				return (0);
			break;

		case 'r':	/* The time in 12-hour clock representation. */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
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			if (!(bp = isc_tm_strptime(bp, "%I:%M:%S %p", tm)))
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				return (0);
			break;

		case 'T':	/* The time as "%H:%M:%S". */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
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			if (!(bp = isc_tm_strptime(bp, "%H:%M:%S", tm)))
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				return (0);
			break;

		case 'X':	/* The time, using the locale's format. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_E);
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			if (!(bp = isc_tm_strptime(bp, "%H:%M:%S", tm)))
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				return (0);
			break;

		case 'x':	/* The date, using the locale's format. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_E);
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			if (!(bp = isc_tm_strptime(bp, "%m/%d/%y", tm)))
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				return (0);
			break;

		/*
		 * "Elementary" conversion rules.
		 */
		case 'A':	/* The day of week, using the locale's form. */
		case 'a':
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
			for (i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
				/* Full name. */
				len = strlen(day[i]);
				if (strncasecmp(day[i], bp, len) == 0)
					break;

				/* Abbreviated name. */
				len = strlen(abday[i]);
				if (strncasecmp(abday[i], bp, len) == 0)
					break;
			}

			/* Nothing matched. */
			if (i == 7)
				return (0);

			tm->tm_wday = i;
			bp += len;
			break;

		case 'B':	/* The month, using the locale's form. */
		case 'b':
		case 'h':
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
			for (i = 0; i < 12; i++) {
				/* Full name. */
				len = strlen(mon[i]);
				if (strncasecmp(mon[i], bp, len) == 0)
					break;

				/* Abbreviated name. */
				len = strlen(abmon[i]);
				if (strncasecmp(abmon[i], bp, len) == 0)
					break;
			}

			/* Nothing matched. */
			if (i == 12)
				return (0);

			tm->tm_mon = i;
			bp += len;
			break;

		case 'C':	/* The century number. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_E);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &i, 0, 99)))
				return (0);

			if (split_year) {
				tm->tm_year = (tm->tm_year % 100) + (i * 100);
			} else {
				tm->tm_year = i * 100;
				split_year = 1;
			}
			break;

		case 'd':	/* The day of month. */
		case 'e':
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_O);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &tm->tm_mday, 1, 31)))
				return (0);
			break;

		case 'k':	/* The hour (24-hour clock representation). */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
			/* FALLTHROUGH */
		case 'H':
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_O);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &tm->tm_hour, 0, 23)))
				return (0);
			break;

		case 'l':	/* The hour (12-hour clock representation). */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
			/* FALLTHROUGH */
		case 'I':
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_O);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &tm->tm_hour, 1, 12)))
				return (0);
			if (tm->tm_hour == 12)
				tm->tm_hour = 0;
			break;

		case 'j':	/* The day of year. */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &i, 1, 366)))
				return (0);
			tm->tm_yday = i - 1;
			break;

		case 'M':	/* The minute. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_O);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &tm->tm_min, 0, 59)))
				return (0);
			break;

		case 'm':	/* The month. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_O);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &i, 1, 12)))
				return (0);
			tm->tm_mon = i - 1;
			break;

		case 'p':	/* The locale's equivalent of AM/PM. */
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
			/* AM? */
			if (strcasecmp(am_pm[0], bp) == 0) {
				if (tm->tm_hour > 11)
					return (0);

				bp += strlen(am_pm[0]);
				break;
			}
			/* PM? */
			else if (strcasecmp(am_pm[1], bp) == 0) {
				if (tm->tm_hour > 11)
					return (0);

				tm->tm_hour += 12;
				bp += strlen(am_pm[1]);
				break;
			}

			/* Nothing matched. */
			return (0);

		case 'S':	/* The seconds. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_O);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &tm->tm_sec, 0, 61)))
				return (0);
			break;

		case 'U':	/* The week of year, beginning on sunday. */
		case 'W':	/* The week of year, beginning on monday. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_O);
			/*
			 * XXX This is bogus, as we can not assume any valid
			 * information present in the tm structure at this
			 * point to calculate a real value, so just check the
			 * range for now.
			 */
			 if (!(conv_num(&bp, &i, 0, 53)))
				return (0);
			 break;

		case 'w':	/* The day of week, beginning on sunday. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_O);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &tm->tm_wday, 0, 6)))
				return (0);
			break;

		case 'Y':	/* The year. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_E);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &i, 0, 9999)))
				return (0);

			tm->tm_year = i - TM_YEAR_BASE;
			break;

		case 'y':	/* The year within 100 years of the epoch. */
			LEGAL_ALT(ALT_E | ALT_O);
			if (!(conv_num(&bp, &i, 0, 99)))
				return (0);

			if (split_year) {
				tm->tm_year = ((tm->tm_year / 100) * 100) + i;
				break;
			}
			split_year = 1;
			if (i <= 68)
				tm->tm_year = i + 2000 - TM_YEAR_BASE;
			else
				tm->tm_year = i + 1900 - TM_YEAR_BASE;
			break;

		/*
		 * Miscellaneous conversions.
		 */
		case 'n':	/* Any kind of white-space. */
		case 't':
			LEGAL_ALT(0);
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			while (isspace((unsigned char) *bp))
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				bp++;
			break;


		default:	/* Unknown/unsupported conversion. */
			return (0);
		}


	}

	/* LINTED functional specification */
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	DE_CONST(bp, ret);
	return (ret);
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}