lwinetaton.c 6.26 KB
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/*
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 * Portions Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2007, 2012, 2013  Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
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 * Portions Copyright (C) 1996-2001, 2003  Internet Software Consortium.
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 *
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 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
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 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
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 *
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 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
 * REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
 * AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
 * OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
 * PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
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 */

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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1983, 1990, 1993
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
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 *
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 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
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 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
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 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
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 *
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 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/*
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1993 by Digital Equipment Corporation.
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 *
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 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies, and that
 * the name of Digital Equipment Corporation not be used in advertising or
 * publicity pertaining to distribution of the document or software without
 * specific, written prior permission.
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 *
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 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORP. DISCLAIMS ALL
 * WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.   IN NO EVENT SHALL DIGITAL EQUIPMENT
 * CORPORATION BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR
 * PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS
 * ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

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/*! \file lwinetaton.c
 */
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#if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)inet_addr.c	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/17/93";
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static char rcsid[] = "$Id: lwinetaton.c,v 1.16 2007/06/19 23:47:22 tbox Exp $";
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#endif /* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */

#include <config.h>

#include <ctype.h>

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#include <stddef.h>

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#include <lwres/int.h>
#include <lwres/net.h>

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#include "assert_p.h"

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/*!
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 * Check whether "cp" is a valid ascii representation
 * of an Internet address and convert to a binary address.
 * Returns 1 if the address is valid, 0 if not.
 * This replaces inet_addr, the return value from which
 * cannot distinguish between failure and a local broadcast address.
 */
int
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lwres_net_aton(const char *cp, struct in_addr *addr) {
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	lwres_uint32_t val;
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	int base;
	ptrdiff_t n;
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	unsigned char c;
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	lwres_uint8_t parts[4];
	lwres_uint8_t *pp = parts;
	int digit;

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	REQUIRE(cp != NULL);

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	c = *cp;
	for (;;) {
		/*
		 * Collect number up to ``.''.
		 * Values are specified as for C:
		 * 0x=hex, 0=octal, isdigit=decimal.
		 */
		if (!isdigit(c & 0xff))
			return (0);
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		val = 0;
		base = 10;
		digit = 0;
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		if (c == '0') {
			c = *++cp;
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			if (c == 'x' || c == 'X') {
				base = 16;
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				c = *++cp;
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			} else {
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				base = 8;
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				digit = 1;
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			}
		}
		for (;;) {
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			/*
			 * isascii() is valid for all integer values, and
			 * when it is true, c is known to be in scope
			 * for isdigit().  No cast necessary.  Similar
			 * comment applies for later ctype uses.
			 */
			if (isascii(c) && isdigit(c)) {
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				if (base == 8 && (c == '8' || c == '9'))
					return (0);
				val = (val * base) + (c - '0');
				c = *++cp;
				digit = 1;
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			} else if (base == 16 && isascii(c) && isxdigit(c)) {
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				val = (val << 4) |
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					(c + 10 - (islower(c) ? 'a' : 'A'));
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				c = *++cp;
				digit = 1;
			} else
				break;
		}
		if (c == '.') {
			/*
			 * Internet format:
			 *	a.b.c.d
			 *	a.b.c	(with c treated as 16 bits)
			 *	a.b	(with b treated as 24 bits)
			 */
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			if (pp >= parts + 3 || val > 0xffU)
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				return (0);
			*pp++ = (lwres_uint8_t)val;
			c = *++cp;
		} else
			break;
	}
	/*
	 * Check for trailing characters.
	 */
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	if (c != '\0' && (!isascii(c) || !isspace(c)))
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		return (0);
	/*
	 * Did we get a valid digit?
	 */
	if (!digit)
		return (0);
	/*
	 * Concoct the address according to
	 * the number of parts specified.
	 */
	n = pp - parts + 1;
	switch (n) {
	case 1:				/* a -- 32 bits */
		break;

	case 2:				/* a.b -- 8.24 bits */
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		if (val > 0xffffffU)
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			return (0);
		val |= parts[0] << 24;
		break;

	case 3:				/* a.b.c -- 8.8.16 bits */
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		if (val > 0xffffU)
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			return (0);
		val |= (parts[0] << 24) | (parts[1] << 16);
		break;

	case 4:				/* a.b.c.d -- 8.8.8.8 bits */
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		if (val > 0xffU)
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			return (0);
		val |= (parts[0] << 24) | (parts[1] << 16) | (parts[2] << 8);
		break;
	}
	if (addr != NULL)
		addr->s_addr = htonl(val);

	return (1);
}