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<title>isc-hmac-fixup</title>
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<div class="refentry" lang="en">
<a name="man.isc-hmac-fixup"></a><div class="titlepage"></div>
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<h2>Name</h2>
<p><span class="application">isc-hmac-fixup</span> &#8212; fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND</p>
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<h2>Synopsis</h2>
<div class="cmdsynopsis"><p><code class="command">isc-hmac-fixup</code>  {<em class="replaceable"><code>algorithm</code></em>} {<em class="replaceable"><code>secret</code></em>}</p></div>
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<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
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<a name="id2665239"></a><h2>DESCRIPTION</h2>
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<p>
      Versions of BIND 9 up to and including BIND 9.6 had a bug causing
      HMAC-SHA* TSIG keys which were longer than the digest length of the
      hash algorithm (i.e., SHA1 keys longer than 160 bits, SHA256 keys
      longer than 256 bits, etc) to be used incorrectly, generating a
      message authentication code that was incompatible with other DNS
      implementations.
    </p>
<p>
      This bug has been fixed in BIND 9.7.  However, the fix may
      cause incompatibility between older and newer versions of
      BIND, when using long keys.  <span><strong class="command">isc-hmac-fixup</strong></span>
      modifies those keys to restore compatibility.
    </p>
<p>
      To modify a key, run <span><strong class="command">isc-hmac-fixup</strong></span> and
      specify the key's algorithm and secret on the command line.  If the
      secret is longer than the digest length of the algorithm (64 bytes
      for SHA1 through SHA256, or 128 bytes for SHA384 and SHA512), then a
      new secret will be generated consisting of a hash digest of the old
      secret.  (If the secret did not require conversion, then it will be
      printed without modification.)
    </p>
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<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
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<a name="id2665267"></a><h2>SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS</h2>
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<p>
      Secrets that have been converted by <span><strong class="command">isc-hmac-fixup</strong></span>
      are shortened, but as this is how the HMAC protocol works in
      operation anyway, it does not affect security.  RFC 2104 notes,
      "Keys longer than [the digest length] are acceptable but the
      extra length would not significantly increase the function
      strength."
    </p>
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<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
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<a name="id2665283"></a><h2>SEE ALSO</h2>
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<p>
      <em class="citetitle">BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</em>,
      <em class="citetitle">RFC 2104</em>.
    </p>
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<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
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<a name="id2665300"></a><h2>AUTHOR</h2>
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<p><span class="corpauthor">Internet Systems Consortium</span>
    </p>
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<p style="text-align: center;">BIND Version 9.11</p>
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