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>BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</TH
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><DIV
CLASS="chapter"
><H1
><A
NAME="ch03"
>Chapter 3. Nameserver Configuration</A
></H1
><DIV
CLASS="TOC"
><DL
><DT
><B
>Table of Contents</B
></DT
><DT
>3.1. <A
HREF="Bv9ARM.ch03.html#sample_configuration"
>Sample Configurations</A
></DT
><DT
>3.2. <A
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HREF="Bv9ARM.ch03.html#AEN281"
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>Load Balancing</A
></DT
><DT
>3.3. <A
HREF="Bv9ARM.ch03.html#notify"
>Notify</A
></DT
><DT
>3.4. <A
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>Nameserver Operations</A
></DT
></DL
></DIV
><P
>In this section we provide some suggested configurations along
with guidelines for their use. We also address the topic of reasonable
option setting.</P
><DIV
CLASS="sect1"
><H1
CLASS="sect1"
><A
NAME="sample_configuration"
>3.1. Sample Configurations</A
></H1
><DIV
CLASS="sect2"
><H2
CLASS="sect2"
><A
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NAME="AEN271"
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>3.1.1. A Caching-only Nameserver</A
></H2
><P
>The following sample configuration is appropriate for a caching-only
name server for use by clients internal to a corporation.  All queries
from outside clients are refused.</P
><PRE
CLASS="programlisting"
>&#13;// Two corporate subnets we wish to allow queries from.
acl "corpnets" { 192.168.4.0/24; 192.168.7.0/24; };
options {
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     directory "/etc/namedb";           // Working directory
     pid-file "named.pid";              // Put pid file in working dir
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     allow-query { "corpnets"; };
};
// Root server hints
zone "." { type hint; file "root.hint"; };
// Provide a reverse mapping for the loopback address 127.0.0.1
zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
     type master;
     file "localhost.rev";
     notify no;
};
</PRE
></DIV
><DIV
CLASS="sect2"
><H2
CLASS="sect2"
><A
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NAME="AEN275"
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>3.1.2. An Authoritative-only Nameserver</A
></H2
><P
>This sample configuration is for an authoritative-only server
that is the master server for "<TT
CLASS="filename"
>example.com</TT
>"
and a slave for the subdomain "<TT
CLASS="filename"
>eng.example.com</TT
>".</P
><PRE
CLASS="programlisting"
>&#13;options {
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     directory "/etc/namedb";           // Working directory
     pid-file "named.pid";              // Put pid file in working dir
     allow-query { any; };              // This is the default
     recursion no;                      // Do not provide recursive service
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};
// Root server hints
zone "." { type hint; file "root.hint"; };

// Provide a reverse mapping for the loopback address 127.0.0.1
zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
     type master;
     file "localhost.rev";
     notify no;
};
// We are the master server for example.com
zone "example.com" {
     type master;
     file "example.com.db";
     // IP addresses of slave servers allowed to transfer example.com
     allow-transfer {
          192.168.4.14;
          192.168.5.53;
     };
};
// We are a slave server for eng.example.com
zone "eng.example.com" {
     type slave;
     file "eng.example.com.bk";
     // IP address of eng.example.com master server
     masters { 192.168.4.12; };
};
</PRE
></DIV
></DIV
><DIV
CLASS="sect1"
><H1
CLASS="sect1"
><A
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NAME="AEN281"
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>3.2. Load Balancing</A
></H1
><P
>Primitive load balancing can be achieved in <SPAN
CLASS="acronym"
>DNS</SPAN
> using multiple
A records for one name.</P
><P
>For example, if you have three WWW servers with network addresses
of 10.0.0.1, 10.0.0.2 and 10.0.0.3, a set of records such as the
following means that clients will connect to each machine one third
of the time:</P
><DIV
CLASS="informaltable"
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><A
NAME="AEN286"
></A
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><P
></P
><TABLE
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BORDER="1"
CLASS="CALSTABLE"
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><TBODY
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><TR
><TD
WIDTH="84"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
>Name</P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="48"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
>TTL</P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="72"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
>CLASS</P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="72"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
>TYPE</P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="195"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
>Resource Record (RR) Data</P
></TD
></TR
><TR
><TD
WIDTH="84"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>www</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="48"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>600</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="72"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>IN</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="72"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>A</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="195"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>10.0.0.1</TT
></P
></TD
></TR
><TR
><TD
WIDTH="84"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="48"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>600</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="72"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>IN</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="72"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>A</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="195"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>10.0.0.2</TT
></P
></TD
></TR
><TR
><TD
WIDTH="84"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="48"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>600</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="72"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>IN</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="72"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>A</TT
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="195"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><TT
CLASS="literal"
>10.0.0.3</TT
></P
></TD
></TR
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></TBODY
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></TABLE
><P
></P
></DIV
><P
>When a resolver queries for these records, <SPAN
CLASS="acronym"
>BIND</SPAN
> will rotate
    them and respond to the query with the records in a different
    order.  In the example above, clients will randomly receive
    records in the order 1, 2, 3; 2, 3, 1; and 3, 1, 2. Most clients
    will use the first record returned and discard the rest.</P
><P
>For more detail on ordering responses, check the
    <B
CLASS="command"
>rrset-order</B
> substatement in the
    <B
CLASS="command"
>options</B
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> statement, see
    <A
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HREF="Bv9ARM.ch06.html#rrset_ordering"
><I
>RRset Ordering</I
></A
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>.
    This substatement is not supported in
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    <SPAN
CLASS="acronym"
>BIND</SPAN
> 9, and only the ordering scheme described above is
    available.</P
></DIV
><DIV
CLASS="sect1"
><H1
CLASS="sect1"
><A
NAME="notify"
>3.3. Notify</A
></H1
><P
><SPAN
CLASS="acronym"
>DNS</SPAN
> Notify is a mechanism that allows master nameservers to
    notify their slave servers of changes to a zone's data. In
    response to a <B
CLASS="command"
>NOTIFY</B
> from a master server, the
    slave will check to see that its version of the zone is the
    current version and, if not, initiate a transfer.</P
><P
><SPAN
CLASS="acronym"
>DNS</SPAN
>
    Notify is fully documented in RFC 1996. See also the description
    of the zone option <B
CLASS="command"
>also-notify</B
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>, see
    <A
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HREF="Bv9ARM.ch06.html#zone_transfers"
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>Section 6.2.14.6</A
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>. For more information about
    <B
CLASS="command"
>notify</B
491
>, see <A
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HREF="Bv9ARM.ch06.html#boolean_options"
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>Section 6.2.14.1</A
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>.</P
></DIV
><DIV
CLASS="sect1"
><H1
CLASS="sect1"
><A
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NAME="AEN369"
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>3.4. Nameserver Operations</A
></H1
><DIV
CLASS="sect2"
><H2
CLASS="sect2"
><A
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NAME="AEN371"
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>3.4.1. Tools for Use With the Nameserver Daemon</A
></H2
><P
>There are several indispensable diagnostic, administrative
and monitoring tools available to the system administrator for controlling
and debugging the nameserver daemon. We describe several in this
section </P
><DIV
CLASS="sect3"
><H3
CLASS="sect3"
><A
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NAME="diagnostic_tools"
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>3.4.1.1. Diagnostic Tools</A
></H3
><P
></P
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><DIV
CLASS="variablelist"
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><DL
><DT
><B
CLASS="command"
>dig</B
></DT
><DD
><P
>The domain information groper (<B
CLASS="command"
>dig</B
>) is
a command line tool that can be used to gather information from
the Domain Name System servers. Dig has two modes: simple interactive
mode for a single query, and batch mode which executes a query for
each in a list of several query lines. All query options are accessible
from the command line.</P
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>dig</B
>  [@<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>server</I
></TT
>]  <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>domain</I
></TT
>  [<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>query-type</I
></TT
>] [<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>query-class</I
></TT
>] [+<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>query-option</I
></TT
>] [-<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>dig-option</I
></TT
>] [%<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>comment</I
></TT
>]</P
><P
>The usual simple use of dig will take the form</P
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>dig @server domain query-type query-class</B
></P
><P
>For more information and a list of available commands and
options, see the <B
CLASS="command"
>dig</B
> man page.</P
></DD
><DT
><B
CLASS="command"
>host</B
></DT
><DD
><P
>The <B
CLASS="command"
>host</B
> utility
provides a simple <SPAN
CLASS="acronym"
>DNS</SPAN
> lookup using a command-line interface for
looking up Internet hostnames. By default, the utility converts
between host names and Internet addresses, but its functionality
can be extended with the use of options.</P
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>host</B
>  [-aCdlrTwv] [-c <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>class</I
></TT
>] [-N <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>ndots</I
></TT
>] [-t <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>type</I
></TT
>] [-W <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>timeout</I
></TT
>] [-R <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>retries</I
></TT
>]  <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>hostname</I
></TT
>  [<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>server</I
></TT
>]</P
><P
>For more information and a list of available commands and
options, see the <B
CLASS="command"
>host</B
> man page.</P
></DD
><DT
><B
CLASS="command"
>nslookup</B
></DT
><DD
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>nslookup</B
> is a program used to query Internet
domain nameservers. <B
CLASS="command"
>nslookup</B
> has two modes: interactive
and non-interactive. Interactive mode allows the user to query nameservers
for information about various hosts and domains or to print a list
of hosts in a domain. Non-interactive mode is used to print just
the name and requested information for a host or domain.</P
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>nslookup</B
>  [-option...] [<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>host-to-find</I
></TT
> | -  [server]]</P
><P
>Interactive mode is entered when no arguments are given (the
default nameserver will be used) or when the first argument is a
hyphen (`-') and the second argument is the host name or Internet address
of a nameserver.</P
><P
>Non-interactive mode is used when the name or Internet address
of the host to be looked up is given as the first argument. The
optional second argument specifies the host name or address of a nameserver.</P
><P
>Due to its arcane user interface and frequently inconsistent
behavior, we do not recommend the use of <B
CLASS="command"
>nslookup</B
>.
Use <B
CLASS="command"
>dig</B
> instead.</P
></DD
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></DL
></DIV
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></DIV
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><DIV
CLASS="sect3"
><H3
CLASS="sect3"
><A
NAME="admin_tools"
>3.4.1.2. Administrative Tools</A
></H3
><P
>Administrative tools play an integral part in the management
of a server.</P
><P
></P
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><DIV
CLASS="variablelist"
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><DL
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><DT
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><A
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NAME="named-checkconf"
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><B
CLASS="command"
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>named-checkconf</B
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></A
></DT
><DD
><P
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>The <B
CLASS="command"
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>named-checkconf</B
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> program
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              checks the syntax of a <TT
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CLASS="filename"
>named.conf</TT
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> file.</P
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><P
><B
CLASS="command"
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>named-checkconf</B
>  [-t <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>directory</I
></TT
>] [<TT
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CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>filename</I
></TT
>]</P
></DD
><DT
><A
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NAME="named-checkzone"
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><B
CLASS="command"
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>named-checkzone</B
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></A
></DT
><DD
><P
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>The <B
CLASS="command"
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>named-checkzone</B
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> program checks a master file for
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              syntax and consistency.</P
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><P
><B
CLASS="command"
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>check-zone</B
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>  [-dq] [-c <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>class</I
></TT
>]  <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>zone</I
></TT
>  [<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>filename</I
></TT
>]</P
></DD
><DT
><A
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NAME="rndc"
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><B
CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
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></A
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></DT
><DD
><P
>The remote name daemon control
              (<B
CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
>) program allows the system
              administrator to control the operation of a nameserver.
              If you run <B
CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
> without any options
              it will display a usage message as follows:</P
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
>  [-c <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>config</I
></TT
>] [-s <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>server</I
></TT
>] [-p <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>port</I
></TT
>] [-y <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>key</I
></TT
>]  <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>command</I
></TT
>  [<TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>command</I
></TT
>...]</P
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>command</B
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> is one of the following:</P
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><P
></P
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><DIV
CLASS="variablelist"
><DL
><DT
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><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
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>reload</B
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></TT
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></DT
><DD
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><P
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>Reload configuration file and zones.</P
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></DD
><DT
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><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
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>reload <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>zone</I
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></TT
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>
       [<SPAN
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CLASS="optional"
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><TT
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CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>class</I
></TT
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>
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           [<SPAN
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CLASS="optional"
><TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>view</I
></TT
></SPAN
>]</SPAN
>]</B
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></TT
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></DT
><DD
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><P
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>Reload the given zone.</P
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></DD
><DT
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><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
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>refresh <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>zone</I
></TT
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>
       [<SPAN
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CLASS="optional"
><TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>class</I
></TT
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>
           [<SPAN
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CLASS="optional"
><TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>view</I
></TT
></SPAN
>]</SPAN
>]</B
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></TT
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></DT
><DD
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><P
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>Schedule zone maintenance for the given zone.</P
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></DD
><DT
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><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
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>reconfig</B
></TT
></DT
><DD
><P
>Reload the configuration file and load new zones,
   but do not reload existing zone files even if they have changed.
   This is faster than a full <B
CLASS="command"
>reload</B
> when there
   is a large number of zones because it avoids the need to examine the
   modification times of the zones files.
   </P
></DD
><DT
><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
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>stats</B
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></TT
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></DT
><DD
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><P
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>Write server statistics to the statistics file.</P
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></DD
><DT
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><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>querylog</B
></TT
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></DT
><DD
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><P
>Toggle query logging.</P
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></DD
><DT
><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>dumpdb</B
></TT
></DT
><DD
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><P
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>Dump the server's caches to the dump file. </P
></DD
><DT
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><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>stop</B
></TT
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></DT
><DD
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><P
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>Stop the server,
   making sure any recent changes
   made through dynamic update or IXFR are first saved to the master files
   of the updated zones.</P
></DD
><DT
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><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
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>halt</B
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></TT
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></DT
><DD
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><P
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>Stop the server immediately.  Recent changes
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   made through dynamic update or IXFR are not saved to the master files,
   but will be rolled forward from the journal files when the server
   is restarted.</P
></DD
><DT
><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>trace</B
></TT
></DT
><DD
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><P
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>Increment the servers debugging level by one. </P
></DD
><DT
><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>trace <TT
CLASS="replaceable"
><I
>level</I
></TT
></B
></TT
></DT
><DD
><P
>Sets the server's debugging level to an explicit
   value.</P
></DD
><DT
><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>notrace</B
></TT
></DT
><DD
><P
>Sets the server's debugging level to 0.</P
></DD
><DT
><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>flush</B
></TT
></DT
><DD
><P
>Flushes the server's cache.</P
></DD
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><DT
><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>status</B
></TT
></DT
><DD
><P
>Display status of the server.</P
></DD
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></DL
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></DIV
><P
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>In <SPAN
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CLASS="acronym"
>BIND</SPAN
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> 9.2, <B
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CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
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>
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supports all the commands of the BIND 8 <B
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CLASS="command"
>ndc</B
>
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utility except <B
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CLASS="command"
>ndc start</B
>, which was also
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not supported in <B
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CLASS="command"
>ndc</B
>'s channel mode.</P
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><P
>A configuration file is required, since all
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communication with the server is authenticated with
digital signatures that rely on a shared secret, and
there is no way to provide that secret other than with a
configuration file.  The default location for the
<B
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CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
> configuration file is
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<TT
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CLASS="filename"
>/etc/rndc.conf</TT
>, but an alternate
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location can be specified with the <TT
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CLASS="option"
>-c</TT
>
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option.  If the configuration file is not found,
<B
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CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
> will also look in
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<TT
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CLASS="filename"
>/var/run/named.key</TT
> (or wherever
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<TT
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CLASS="varname"
>localstatedir</TT
> was defined when
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the <SPAN
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CLASS="acronym"
>BIND</SPAN
> build was configured).
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The <TT
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CLASS="filename"
>named.key</TT
> file is generated by
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<B
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CLASS="command"
>named</B
> as described in
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<A
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HREF="Bv9ARM.ch06.html#controls_statement_definition_and_usage"
>Section 6.2.4</A
>.</P
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><P
>The format of the configuration file is similar to
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that of <TT
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CLASS="filename"
>named.conf</TT
>, but limited to
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only four statements, the <B
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CLASS="command"
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>options</B
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>,
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<B
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CLASS="command"
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>key</B
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>, <B
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CLASS="command"
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>server</B
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> and
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<B
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CLASS="command"
>include</B
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>
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statements.  These statements are what associate the
secret keys to the servers with which they are meant to
be shared.  The order of statements is not
significant.</P
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><P
>The <B
CLASS="command"
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>options</B
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> statement has three clauses:
<B
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CLASS="command"
>default-server</B
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>, <B
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CLASS="command"
>default-key</B
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>, 
and <B
CLASS="command"
>default-port</B
>.
<B
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CLASS="command"
>default-server</B
> takes a
host name or address argument  and represents the server that will
be contacted if no <TT
CLASS="option"
>-s</TT
>
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option is provided on the command line.  
<B
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CLASS="command"
>default-key</B
> takes
the name of key as its argument, as defined by a <B
CLASS="command"
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>key</B
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> statement.
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<B
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CLASS="command"
>default-port</B
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> specifies the port to which
<B
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CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
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> should connect if no
port is given on the command line or in a
<B
CLASS="command"
>server</B
> statement.</P
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><P
>The <B
CLASS="command"
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>key</B
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> statement names a key with its
string argument. The string is required by the server to be a valid
domain name, though it need not actually be hierarchical; thus,
a string like "<TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>rndc_key</B
></TT
>" is a valid name.
The <B
CLASS="command"
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>key</B
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> statement has two clauses:
<B
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CLASS="command"
>algorithm</B
> and <B
CLASS="command"
>secret</B
>.
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While the configuration parser will accept any string as the argument
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to algorithm, currently only the string "<TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>hmac-md5</B
></TT
>"
has any meaning.  The secret is a base-64 encoded string, typically
generated with either <B
CLASS="command"
>dnssec-keygen</B
> or <B
CLASS="command"
>mmencode</B
>.</P
><P
>The <B
CLASS="command"
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>server</B
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> statement uses the key clause
to associate a <B
CLASS="command"
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>key</B
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>-defined key with a server.
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The argument to the <B
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CLASS="command"
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>server</B
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> statement is a
host name or address (addresses must be double quoted).  The argument
to the key clause is the name of the key as defined by the <B
CLASS="command"
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>key</B
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> statement.
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The <B
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CLASS="command"
>port</B
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> clause can be used to 
specify the port to which <B
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CLASS="command"
>rndc</B
> should connect
on the given server.</P
><P
>A sample minimal configuration file is as follows:</P
><PRE
CLASS="programlisting"
>&#13;key rndc_key {
     algorithm "hmac-md5";
     secret "c3Ryb25nIGVub3VnaCBmb3IgYSBtYW4gYnV0IG1hZGUgZm9yIGEgd29tYW4K";
};
options {
     default-server localhost;
     default-key    rndc_key;
};
</PRE
><P
>This file, if installed as <TT
CLASS="filename"
>/etc/rndc.conf</TT
>,
would allow the command:</P
><P
><TT
CLASS="prompt"
>$ </TT
><TT
CLASS="userinput"
><B
>rndc reload</B
></TT
></P
><P
>to connect to 127.0.0.1 port 953 and cause the nameserver
to reload, if a nameserver on the local machine were running with
following controls statements:</P
><PRE
CLASS="programlisting"
>&#13;controls {
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                inet 127.0.0.1 allow { localhost; } keys { rndc_key; };
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};
</PRE
><P
>and it had an identical key statement for
<TT
CLASS="literal"
>rndc_key</TT
>.</P
></DD
></DL
></DIV
></DIV
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></DIV
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><DIV
CLASS="sect2"
><H2
CLASS="sect2"
><A
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NAME="AEN650"
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>3.4.2. Signals</A
></H2
><P
>Certain UNIX signals cause the name server to take specific
actions, as described in the following table.  These signals can
be sent using the <B
CLASS="command"
>kill</B
> command.</P
><DIV
CLASS="informaltable"
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><A
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NAME="AEN654"
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></A
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><P
></P
><TABLE
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CELLPADDING="3"
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BORDER="1"
CLASS="CALSTABLE"
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><TBODY
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><TR
><TD
WIDTH="108"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>SIGHUP</B
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="384"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
>Causes the server to read <TT
CLASS="filename"
>named.conf</TT
> and
reload the database. </P
></TD
></TR
><TR
><TD
WIDTH="108"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
><B
CLASS="command"
>SIGTERM</B
></P
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="384"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
>Causes the server to clean up and exit.</P
></TD
></TR
><TR
><TD
WIDTH="108"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
>&#13;<P
><B
CLASS="command"
>SIGINT</B
></P
>
</TD
><TD
WIDTH="384"
ALIGN="LEFT"
VALIGN="MIDDLE"
><P
>Causes the server to clean up and exit.</P
></TD
></TR
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></TBODY
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></TABLE
><P
></P
></DIV
></DIV
></DIV
></DIV
><DIV
CLASS="NAVFOOTER"
><HR
ALIGN="LEFT"
WIDTH="100%"><TABLE
WIDTH="100%"
BORDER="0"
CELLPADDING="0"
CELLSPACING="0"
><TR
><TD
WIDTH="33%"
ALIGN="left"
VALIGN="top"
><A
HREF="Bv9ARM.ch02.html"
>Prev</A
></TD
><TD
WIDTH="34%"
ALIGN="center"
VALIGN="top"
><A
HREF="Bv9ARM.html"
>Home</A
></TD
><TD
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ALIGN="right"
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><A
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>Next</A
></TD
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><TR
><TD
WIDTH="33%"
ALIGN="left"
VALIGN="top"
><SPAN
CLASS="acronym"
>BIND</SPAN
> Resource Requirements</TD
><TD
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ALIGN="center"
VALIGN="top"
>&nbsp;</TD
><TD
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ALIGN="right"
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>Advanced Concepts</TD
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