Commit 8731a2bd authored by Mark Andrews's avatar Mark Andrews
Browse files

2227. [cleanup] Tidied up the FAQ. [RT #17121]

parent 6f4375f2
2227. [cleanup] Tidied up the FAQ. [RT #17121]
2226. [placeholder]
2225. [bug] More support for systems with no IPv4 addresses.
......
......@@ -4,97 +4,71 @@ Copyright
Copyright © 2000-2003 Internet Software Consortium.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Q: Why doesn't -u work on Linux 2.2.x when I build with --enable-threads?
1. Compilation and Installation Questions
A: Linux threads do not fully implement the Posix threads (pthreads) standard. In
particular, setuid() operates only on the current thread, not the full process.
Because of this limitation, BIND 9 cannot use setuid() on Linux as it can on
all other supported platforms. setuid() cannot be called before creating
threads, since the server does not start listening on reserved ports until
after threads have started.
Q: I'm trying to compile BIND 9, and "make" is failing due to files not
being found. Why?
In the 2.2.18 or 2.3.99-pre3 and newer kernels, the ability to preserve
capabilities across a setuid() call is present. This allows BIND 9 to call
setuid() early, while retaining the ability to bind reserved ports. This is a
Linux-specific hack.
A: Using a parallel or distributed "make" to build BIND 9 is not
supported, and doesn't work. If you are using one of these, use normal
make or gmake instead.
On a 2.2 kernel, BIND 9 does drop many root privileges, so it should be less of
a security risk than a root process that has not dropped privileges.
Q: Isn't "make install" supposed to generate a default named.conf?
If Linux threads ever work correctly, this restriction will go away.
A: Short Answer: No.
Configuring BIND9 with the --disable-threads option (the default) causes a
non-threaded version to be built, which will allow -u to be used.
Long Answer: There really isn't a default configuration which fits any
site perfectly. There are lots of decisions that need to be made and
there is no consensus on what the defaults should be. For example
FreeBSD uses /etc/namedb as the location where the configuration files
for named are stored. Others use /var/named.
Q: Why do I get the following errors:
What addresses to listen on? For a laptop on the move a lot you may
only want to listen on the loop back interfaces.
general: errno2result.c:109: unexpected error:
general: unable to convert errno to isc_result: 14: Bad address
client: UDP client handler shutting down due to fatal receive error: unexpected error
Who do you offer recursive service to? Is there are firewall to
consider? If so is it stateless or stateful. Are you directly on the
Internet? Are you on a private network? Are you on a NAT'd network? The
answers to all these questions change how you configure even a caching
name server.
A: This is the result of a Linux kernel bug.
2. Configuration and Setup Questions
See: http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-netdev&m=113081708031466&w=2
Q: Why does named log the warning message "no TTL specified - using SOA MINTTL
instead"?
Q: Why does named log the warning message "no TTL specified - using SOA
MINTTL instead"?
A: Your zone file is illegal according to RFC1035. It must either have a line
like:
A: Your zone file is illegal according to RFC1035. It must either have a
line like:
$TTL 86400
at the beginning, or the first record in it must have a TTL field, like the
"84600" in this example:
at the beginning, or the first record in it must have a TTL field, like
the "84600" in this example:
example.com. 86400 IN SOA ns hostmaster ( 1 3600 1800 1814400 3600 )
Q: Why do I see 5 (or more) copies of named on Linux?
A: Linux threads each show up as a process under ps. The approximate number of
threads running is n+4, where n is the number of CPUs. Note that the amount of
memory used is not cumulative; if each process is using 10M of memory, only a
total of 10M is used.
Newer versions of Linux's ps command hide the individual threads and require -L
to display them.
Q: Why does BIND 9 log "permission denied" errors accessing its configuration
files or zones on my Linux system even though it is running as root?
Q: Why do I get errors like "dns_zone_load: zone foo/IN: loading master
file bar: ran out of space"?
A: On Linux, BIND 9 drops most of its root privileges on startup. This including
the privilege to open files owned by other users. Therefore, if the server is
running as root, the configuration files and zone files should also be owned by
root.
Q: Why do I get errors like "dns_zone_load: zone foo/IN: loading master file bar:
ran out of space"?
A: This is often caused by TXT records with missing close quotes. Check that all
TXT records containing quoted strings have both open and close quotes.
Q: How do I produce a usable core file from a multi-threaded named on Linux?
A: If the Linux kernel is 2.4.7 or newer, multi-threaded core dumps are usable
(that is, the correct thread is dumped). Otherwise, if using a 2.2 kernel,
apply the kernel patch found in contrib/linux/coredump-patch and rebuild the
kernel. This patch will cause multi-threaded programs to dump the correct
thread.
A: This is often caused by TXT records with missing close quotes. Check
that all TXT records containing quoted strings have both open and close
quotes.
Q: How do I restrict people from looking up the server version?
A: Put a "version" option containing something other than the real version in the
"options" section of named.conf. Note doing this will not prevent attacks and
may impede people trying to diagnose problems with your server. Also it is
possible to "fingerprint" nameservers to determine their version.
A: Put a "version" option containing something other than the real version
in the "options" section of named.conf. Note doing this will not
prevent attacks and may impede people trying to diagnose problems with
your server. Also it is possible to "fingerprint" nameservers to
determine their version.
Q: How do I restrict only remote users from looking up the server version?
A: The following view statement will intercept lookups as the internal view that
holds the version information will be matched last. The caveats of the previous
answer still apply, of course.
A: The following view statement will intercept lookups as the internal
view that holds the version information will be matched last. The
caveats of the previous answer still apply, of course.
view "chaos" chaos {
match-clients { <those to be refused>; };
......@@ -105,120 +79,46 @@ A: The following view statement will intercept lookups as the internal view that
};
};
Q: What do "no source of entropy found" or "could not open entropy source foo"
mean?
A: The server requires a source of entropy to perform certain operations, mostly
DNSSEC related. These messages indicate that you have no source of entropy. On
systems with /dev/random or an equivalent, it is used by default. A source of
entropy can also be defined using the random-device option in named.conf.
Q: I installed BIND 9 and restarted named, but it's still BIND 8. Why?
A: BIND 9 is installed under /usr/local by default. BIND 8 is often installed
under /usr. Check that the correct named is running.
Q: I'm trying to use TSIG to authenticate dynamic updates or zone transfers. I'm
sure I have the keys set up correctly, but the server is rejecting the TSIG.
Why?
A: This may be a clock skew problem. Check that the the clocks on the client and
server are properly synchronised (e.g., using ntp).
Q: I'm trying to compile BIND 9, and "make" is failing due to files not being
found. Why?
Q: What do "no source of entropy found" or "could not open entropy source
foo" mean?
A: Using a parallel or distributed "make" to build BIND 9 is not supported, and
doesn't work. If you are using one of these, use normal make or gmake instead.
A: The server requires a source of entropy to perform certain operations,
mostly DNSSEC related. These messages indicate that you have no source
of entropy. On systems with /dev/random or an equivalent, it is used by
default. A source of entropy can also be defined using the
random-device option in named.conf.
Q: I have a BIND 9 master and a BIND 8.2.3 slave, and the master is logging error
messages like "notify to 10.0.0.1#53 failed: unexpected end of input". What's
wrong?
Q: I'm trying to use TSIG to authenticate dynamic updates or zone
transfers. I'm sure I have the keys set up correctly, but the server is
rejecting the TSIG. Why?
A: This error message is caused by a known bug in BIND 8.2.3 and is fixed in BIND
8.2.4. It can be safely ignored - the notify has been acted on by the slave
despite the error message.
Q: I keep getting log messages like the following. Why?
Dec 4 23:47:59 client 10.0.0.1#1355: updating zone 'example.com/IN': update
failed: 'RRset exists (value dependent)' prerequisite not satisfied (NXRRSET)
A: DNS updates allow the update request to test to see if certain conditions are
met prior to proceeding with the update. The message above is saying that
conditions were not met and the update is not proceeding. See doc/rfc/
rfc2136.txt for more details on prerequisites.
Q: I keep getting log messages like the following. Why?
Jun 21 12:00:00.000 client 10.0.0.1#1234: update denied
A: Someone is trying to update your DNS data using the RFC2136 Dynamic Update
protocol. Windows 2000 machines have a habit of sending dynamic update requests
to DNS servers without being specifically configured to do so. If the update
requests are coming from a Windows 2000 machine, see http://
support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q246/8/04.asp for information about
how to turn them off.
A: This may be a clock skew problem. Check that the the clocks on the
client and server are properly synchronised (e.g., using ntp).
Q: I see a log message like the following. Why?
couldn't open pid file '/var/run/named.pid': Permission denied
A: You are most likely running named as a non-root user, and that user does not
have permission to write in /var/run. The common ways of fixing this are to
create a /var/run/named directory owned by the named user and set pid-file to "
/var/run/named/named.pid", or set pid-file to "named.pid", which will put the
file in the directory specified by the directory option (which, in this case,
must be writable by the named user).
Q: When I do a "dig . ns", many of the A records for the root servers are missing.
Why?
A: This is normal and harmless. It is a somewhat confusing side effect of the way
BIND 9 does RFC2181 trust ranking and of the efforts BIND 9 makes to avoid
promoting glue into answers.
A: You are most likely running named as a non-root user, and that user
does not have permission to write in /var/run. The common ways of
fixing this are to create a /var/run/named directory owned by the named
user and set pid-file to "/var/run/named/named.pid", or set pid-file to
"named.pid", which will put the file in the directory specified by the
directory option (which, in this case, must be writable by the named
user).
When BIND 9 first starts up and primes its cache, it receives the root server
addresses as additional data in an authoritative response from a root server,
and these records are eligible for inclusion as additional data in responses.
Subsequently it receives a subset of the root server addresses as additional
data in a non-authoritative (referral) response from a root server. This causes
the addresses to now be considered non-authoritative (glue) data, which is not
eligible for inclusion in responses.
Q: I can query the nameserver from the nameserver but not from other
machines. Why?
The server does have a complete set of root server addresses cached at all
times, it just may not include all of them as additional data, depending on
whether they were last received as answers or as glue. You can always look up
the addresses with explicit queries like "dig a.root-servers.net A".
A: This is usually the result of the firewall configuration stopping the
queries and / or the replies.
Q: Zone transfers from my BIND 9 master to my Windows 2000 slave fail. Why?
Q: How can I make a server a slave for both an internal and an external
view at the same time? When I tried, both views on the slave were
transferred from the same view on the master.
A: This may be caused by a bug in the Windows 2000 DNS server where DNS messages
larger than 16K are not handled properly. This can be worked around by setting
the option "transfer-format one-answer;". Also check whether your zone contains
domain names with embedded spaces or other special characters, like "John\
032Doe\213s\032Computer", since such names have been known to cause Windows
2000 slaves to incorrectly reject the zone.
Q: Why don't my zones reload when I do an "rndc reload" or SIGHUP?
A: A zone can be updated either by editing zone files and reloading the server or
by dynamic update, but not both. If you have enabled dynamic update for a zone
using the "allow-update" option, you are not supposed to edit the zone file by
hand, and the server will not attempt to reload it.
Q: I can query the nameserver from the nameserver but not from other machines.
Why?
A: This is usually the result of the firewall configuration stopping the queries
and / or the replies.
Q: How can I make a server a slave for both an internal and an external view at
the same time? When I tried, both views on the slave were transferred from the
same view on the master.
A: You will need to give the master and slave multiple IP addresses and use those
to make sure you reach the correct view on the other machine.
A: You will need to give the master and slave multiple IP addresses and
use those to make sure you reach the correct view on the other machine.
Master: 10.0.1.1 (internal), 10.0.1.2 (external, IP alias)
internal:
......@@ -246,8 +146,8 @@ A: You will need to give the master and slave multiple IP addresses and use thos
transfer-source 10.0.1.4;
query-source address 10.0.1.4;
You put the external address on the alias so that all the other dns clients on
these boxes see the internal view by default.
You put the external address on the alias so that all the other dns
clients on these boxes see the internal view by default.
A: BIND 9.3 and later: Use TSIG to select the appropriate view.
......@@ -283,64 +183,38 @@ A: BIND 9.3 and later: Use TSIG to select the appropriate view.
...
};
Q: I have FreeBSD 4.x and "rndc-confgen -a" just sits there.
A: /dev/random is not configured. Use rndcontrol(8) to tell the kernel to use
certain interrupts as a source of random events. You can make this permanent by
setting rand_irqs in /etc/rc.conf.
Q: I get error messages like "multiple RRs of singleton type" and "CNAME
and other data" when transferring a zone. What does this mean?
/etc/rc.conf
rand_irqs="3 14 15"
See also http://people.freebsd.org/~dougb/randomness.html
Q: Why is named listening on UDP port other than 53?
A: Named uses a system selected port to make queries of other nameservers. This
behaviour can be overridden by using query-source to lock down the port and/or
address. See also notify-source and transfer-source.
Q: I get error messages like "multiple RRs of singleton type" and "CNAME and other
data" when transferring a zone. What does this mean?
A: These indicate a malformed master zone. You can identify the exact records
involved by transferring the zone using dig then running named-checkzone on it.
A: These indicate a malformed master zone. You can identify the exact
records involved by transferring the zone using dig then running
named-checkzone on it.
dig axfr example.com @master-server > tmp
named-checkzone example.com tmp
A CNAME record cannot exist with the same name as another record except for the
DNSSEC records which prove its existence (NSEC).
RFC 1034, Section 3.6.2: "If a CNAME RR is present at a node, no other data
should be present; this ensures that the data for a canonical name and its
aliases cannot be different. This rule also insures that a cached CNAME can be
used without checking with an authoritative server for other RR types."
Q: I get error messages like "named.conf:99: unexpected end of input" where 99 is
the last line of named.conf.
A: Some text editors (notepad and wordpad) fail to put a line title indication
(e.g. CR/LF) on the last line of a text file. This can be fixed by "adding" a
blank line to the end of the file. Named expects to see EOF immediately after
EOL and treats text files where this is not met as truncated.
Q: I get warning messages like "zone example.com/IN: refresh: failure trying
master 1.2.3.4#53: timed out".
A: Check that you can make UDP queries from the slave to the master
A CNAME record cannot exist with the same name as another record except
for the DNSSEC records which prove its existence (NSEC).
dig +norec example.com soa @1.2.3.4
RFC 1034, Section 3.6.2: "If a CNAME RR is present at a node, no other
data should be present; this ensures that the data for a canonical name
and its aliases cannot be different. This rule also insures that a
cached CNAME can be used without checking with an authoritative server
for other RR types."
You could be generating queries faster than the slave can cope with. Lower the
serial query rate.
Q: I get error messages like "named.conf:99: unexpected end of input"
where 99 is the last line of named.conf.
serial-query-rate 5; // default 20
A: Some text editors (notepad and wordpad) fail to put a line title
indication (e.g. CR/LF) on the last line of a text file. This can be
fixed by "adding" a blank line to the end of the file. Named expects to
see EOF immediately after EOL and treats text files where this is not
met as truncated.
Q: How do I share a dynamic zone between multiple views?
A: You choose one view to be master and the second a slave and transfer the zone
between views.
A: You choose one view to be master and the second a slave and transfer
the zone between views.
Master 10.0.1.1:
key "external" {
......@@ -354,7 +228,7 @@ A: You choose one view to be master and the second a slave and transfer the zone
};
view "internal" {
match-clients { !external; 10.0.1/24; };
match-clients { !key external; 10.0.1/24; };
server 10.0.1.1 {
/* Deliver notify messages to external view. */
keys { external; };
......@@ -368,7 +242,7 @@ A: You choose one view to be master and the second a slave and transfer the zone
};
view "external" {
match-clients { external; any; };
match-clients { key external; any; };
zone "example.com" {
type slave;
file "external/example.db";
......@@ -379,18 +253,19 @@ A: You choose one view to be master and the second a slave and transfer the zone
};
};
Q: I get a error message like "zone wireless.ietf56.ietf.org/IN: loading master
file primaries/wireless.ietf56.ietf.org: no owner".
Q: I get a error message like "zone wireless.ietf56.ietf.org/IN: loading
master file primaries/wireless.ietf56.ietf.org: no owner".
A: This error is produced when a line in the master file contains leading white
space (tab/space) but the is no current record owner name to inherit the name
from. Usually this is the result of putting white space before a comment.
Forgetting the "@" for the SOA record or indenting the master file.
A: This error is produced when a line in the master file contains leading
white space (tab/space) but the is no current record owner name to
inherit the name from. Usually this is the result of putting white
space before a comment, forgetting the "@" for the SOA record, or
indenting the master file.
Q: Why are my logs in GMT (UTC).
A: You are running chrooted (-t) and have not supplied local timezone information
in the chroot area.
A: You are running chrooted (-t) and have not supplied local timezone
information in the chroot area.
FreeBSD: /etc/localtime
Solaris: /etc/TIMEZONE and /usr/share/lib/zoneinfo
......@@ -398,71 +273,51 @@ A: You are running chrooted (-t) and have not supplied local timezone informatio
See also tzset(3) and zic(8).
Q: I get the error message "named: capset failed: Operation not permitted" when
starting named.
A: The capability module, part of "Linux Security Modules/LSM", has not been
loaded into the kernel. See insmod(8).
Q: I get "rndc: connect failed: connection refused" when I try to run rndc.
Q: I get "rndc: connect failed: connection refused" when I try to run
rndc.
A: This is usually a configuration error.
First ensure that named is running and no errors are being reported at startup
(/var/log/messages or equivalent). Running "named -g <usual arguments>" from a
title can help at this point.
Secondly ensure that named is configured to use rndc either by "rndc-confgen
-a", rndc-confgen or manually. The Administrators Reference manual has details
on how to do this.
Old versions of rndc-confgen used localhost rather than 127.0.0.1 in /etc/
rndc.conf for the default server. Update /etc/rndc.conf if necessary so that
the default server listed in /etc/rndc.conf matches the addresses used in
named.conf. "localhost" has two address (127.0.0.1 and ::1).
If you use "rndc-confgen -a" and named is running with -t or -u ensure that /
etc/rndc.conf has the correct ownership and that a copy is in the chroot area.
You can do this by re-running "rndc-confgen -a" with appropriate -t and -u
arguments.
Q: I don't get RRSIG's returned when I use "dig +dnssec".
A: You need to ensure DNSSEC is enabled (dnssec-enable yes;).
Q: I get "Error 1067" when starting named under Windows.
First ensure that named is running and no errors are being reported at
startup (/var/log/messages or equivalent). Running "named -g <usual
arguments>" from a title can help at this point.
A: This is the service manager saying that named exited. You need to examine the
Application log in the EventViewer to find out why.
Secondly ensure that named is configured to use rndc either by
"rndc-confgen -a", rndc-confgen or manually. The Administrators
Reference manual has details on how to do this.
Common causes are that you failed to create "named.conf" (usually "C:\windows\
dns\etc\named.conf") or failed to specify the directory in named.conf.
Old versions of rndc-confgen used localhost rather than 127.0.0.1 in /
etc/rndc.conf for the default server. Update /etc/rndc.conf if
necessary so that the default server listed in /etc/rndc.conf matches
the addresses used in named.conf. "localhost" has two address
(127.0.0.1 and ::1).
options {
Directory "C:\windows\dns\etc";
};
If you use "rndc-confgen -a" and named is running with -t or -u ensure
that /etc/rndc.conf has the correct ownership and that a copy is in the
chroot area. You can do this by re-running "rndc-confgen -a" with
appropriate -t and -u arguments.
Q: I get "transfer of 'example.net/IN' from 192.168.4.12#53: failed while
receiving responses: permission denied" error messages.
A: These indicate a filesystem permission error preventing named creating /
renaming the temporary file. These will usually also have other associated
error messages like
A: These indicate a filesystem permission error preventing named creating
/ renaming the temporary file. These will usually also have other
associated error messages like
"dumping master file: sl/tmp-XXXX5il3sQ: open: permission denied"
Named needs write permission on the directory containing the file. Named writes
the new cache file to a temporary file then renames it to the name specified in
named.conf to ensure that the contents are always complete. This is to prevent
named loading a partial zone in the event of power failure or similar
interrupting the write of the master file.
Named needs write permission on the directory containing the file.
Named writes the new cache file to a temporary file then renames it to
the name specified in named.conf to ensure that the contents are always
complete. This is to prevent named loading a partial zone in the event
of power failure or similar interrupting the write of the master file.
Note file names are relative to the directory specified in options and any
chroot directory ([<chroot dir>/][<options dir>]).
Note file names are relative to the directory specified in options and
any chroot directory ([<chroot dir>/][<options dir>]).
If named is invoked as "named -t /chroot/DNS" with the following named.conf
then "/chroot/DNS/var/named/sl" needs to be writable by the user named is
running as.
If named is invoked as "named -t /chroot/DNS" with the following
named.conf then "/chroot/DNS/var/named/sl" needs to be writable by the
user named is running as.
options {
directory "/var/named";
......@@ -474,35 +329,129 @@ A: These indicate a filesystem permission error preventing named creating /
masters { 192.168.4.12; };
};
Q: How do I integrate BIND 9 and Solaris SMF
Q: I want to forward all DNS queries from my caching nameserver to another
server. But there are some domains which have to be served locally, via
rbldnsd.
A: Sun has a blog entry describing how to do this.
How do I achieve this ?
http://blogs.sun.com/roller/page/anay/Weblog?catname=%2FSolaris
A: options {
forward only;
forwarders { <ip.of.primary.nameserver>; };
};
zone "sbl-xbl.spamhaus.org" {
type forward; forward only;
forwarders { <ip.of.rbldns.server> port 530; };
};
zone "list.dsbl.org" {
type forward; forward only;
forwarders { <ip.of.rbldns.server> port 530; };
};
3. General Questions
Q: I keep getting log messages like the following. Why?
Dec 4 23:47:59 client 10.0.0.1#1355: updating zone 'example.com/IN':
update failed: 'RRset exists (value dependent)' prerequisite not
satisfied (NXRRSET)
A: DNS updates allow the update request to test to see if certain
conditions are met prior to proceeding with the update. The message
above is saying that conditions were not met and the update is not
proceeding. See doc/rfc/rfc2136.txt for more details on prerequisites.
Q: I keep getting log messages like the following. Why?
Jun 21 12:00:00.000 client 10.0.0.1#1234: update denied
A: Someone is trying to update your DNS data using the RFC2136 Dynamic
Update protocol. Windows 2000 machines have a habit of sending dynamic
update requests to DNS servers without being specifically configured to
do so. If the update requests are coming from a Windows 2000 machine,
see http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q246/8/04.asp for
information about how to turn them off.
Q: When I do a "dig . ns", many of the A records for the root servers are
missing. Why?
A: This is normal and harmless. It is a somewhat confusing side effect of
the way BIND 9 does RFC2181 trust ranking and of the efforts BIND 9
makes to avoid promoting glue into answers.
When BIND 9 first starts up and primes its cache, it receives the root
server addresses as additional data in an authoritative response from a
root server, and these records are eligible for inclusion as additional
data in responses. Subsequently it receives a subset of the root server
addresses as additional data in a non-authoritative (referral) response
from a root server. This causes the addresses to now be considered
non-authoritative (glue) data, which is not eligible for inclusion in
responses.
The server does have a complete set of root server addresses cached at
all times, it just may not include all of them as additional data,
depending on whether they were last received as answers or as glue. You
can always look up the addresses with explicit queries like "dig
a.root-servers.net A".
Q: Why don't my zones reload when I do an "rndc reload" or SIGHUP?
A: A zone can be updated either by editing zone files and reloading the
server or by dynamic update, but not both. If you have enabled dynamic
update for a zone using the "allow-update" option, you are not supposed
to edit the zone file by hand, and the server will not attempt to
reload it.
Q: Why is named listening on UDP port other than 53?
A: Named uses a system selected port to make queries of other nameservers.
This behaviour can be overridden by using query-source to lock down the
port and/or address. See also notify-source and transfer-source.
Q: I get warning messages like "zone example.com/IN: refresh: failure
trying master 1.2.3.4#53: timed out".
A: Check that you can make UDP queries from the slave to the master
dig +norec example.com soa @1.2.3.4
You could be generating queries faster than the slave can cope with.
Lower the serial query rate.
serial-query-rate 5; // default 20
Q: I don't get RRSIG's returned when I use "dig +dnssec".
A: You need to ensure DNSSEC is enabled (dnssec-enable yes;).
Q: Can a NS record refer to a CNAME.
A: No. The rules for glue (copies of the *address* records in the parent zones)
and additional section processing do not allow it to work.
A: No. The rules for glue (copies of the *address* records in the parent
zones) and additional section processing do not allow it to work.
You would have to add both the CNAME and address records (A/AAAA) as glue to
the parent zone and have CNAMEs be followed when doing additional section
processing to make it work. No nameserver implementation supports either of
these requirements.
You would have to add both the CNAME and address records (A/AAAA) as
glue to the parent zone and have CNAMEs be followed when doing
additional section processing to make it work. No nameserver
implementation supports either of these requirements.
Q: What does "RFC 1918 response from Internet for 0.0.0.10.IN-ADDR.ARPA" mean?
Q: What does "RFC 1918 response from Internet for 0.0.0.10.IN-ADDR.ARPA"
mean?
A: If the IN-ADDR.ARPA name covered refers to a internal address space you are
using then you have failed to follow RFC 1918 usage rules and are leaking
queries to the Internet. You should establish your own zones for these
addresses to prevent you querying the Internet's name servers for these
addresses. Please see http://as112.net/ for details of the problems you are
causing and the counter measures that have had to be deployed.
A: If the IN-ADDR.ARPA name covered refers to a internal address space you
are using then you have failed to follow RFC 1918 usage rules and are
leaking queries to the Internet. You should establish your own zones