Commit d10eeb96 authored by Mark Andrews's avatar Mark Andrews
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new draft

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Independent submission M. Richardson
Internet-Draft SSW
Expires: July 16, 2003 January 15, 2003
A method for storing IPsec keying material in DNS.
draft-richardson-ipsec-rr-01.txt
Status of this Memo
This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.
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This Internet-Draft will expire on July 16, 2003.
Copyright Notice
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003). All Rights Reserved.
Abstract
This document describes a new resource record for DNS. This record
may be used to store public keys for use in IPsec systems.
This record replaces the functionality of the sub-type #1 of the KEY
Resource Record, which has been proposed to be obsoleted by [1].
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Storage formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3. IPSECKEY RDATA format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.1 RDATA format - gateway type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2 RDATA format - algo type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.3 RDATA format - precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.4 RDATA format - RSA public key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.5 RDATA format - DSA public key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4. Presentation formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4.1 File Representation of IPSECKEY RRs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
6. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Normative references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Full Copyright Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1. Introduction
1.1 Overview
Overview.
2. Storage formats
The IPSECKEY resource record (RR) is used to publish a public key
that is to be associated with a Domain Name System (DNS) name. It
will be a public key as only public keys are stored in the DNS. This
can be the public key of a host, network, or application (in the case
of per-port keying).
An IPSECKEY RR is, like any other RR, authenticated by a SIG RR.
It is expected that there will often be multiple resource records of
the IPSECKEY type. This will be due to the need to rollover keys,
and due to the presence of multiple gateways.
The type number for the IPSECKEY RR is 44 (IANA TBD).
3. IPSECKEY RDATA format
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The RDATA for an IPSECKEY RR consists of a precedence value, a public
key (and algorithm type), and an optional gateway address.
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| gtype | algo | precedence | public key length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| /
/ public key
/ /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-|
~ gateway ~
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
3.1 RDATA format - gateway type
The gateway type ("gtype") field indicates the format of the gateway
field. The gateway field may be absent.
0 No gateway field is present
1 A 32-bit IPv4 address is present in the gateway field, in section
2 A 128-bit IPv6 address is present in the gateway field. The data
portion is an IPv6 address as described in section 3.2 of [4].
This is a 128-bit number in network byte order.
3 A fully qualified domain name is present in the gateway field.
The name a %lt;domain-name%gt; encoded as described in section 3.3
of [4]. This field occupies the space until the end of the RDATA.
3.2 RDATA format - algo type
The algorithm type ("algo") field indicates the type of key that is
present in the public key field. Valid values are:
0 No key is present.
1 A RSA key is present, in the format defined in
2 A DSA key is present, in the format defined in
3.3 RDATA format - precedence
This is an 8-bit precedence for this record. This is interpreted in
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a similar way to the PREFERENCE field described in section 3.3.9 of
[3].
3.4 RDATA format - RSA public key
If the algorithm type has the value 1, then public key portion
contains an RSA public key, encoded as described in secion 2 of [7],
and repeated here:
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| pub exp length| public key exponent /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| /
+- modulus /
| /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-/
RFC2065 limited the exponent and modulus to 2552 bits in length, and
RFC3110 to 4096 bits. No such limit is specified here for the
purposes of encoding and decoding. The length in octets of the
public exponent length is represented as one octet if it is in the
range of 1 to 255 and by a zero octet followed by a two octet
unsigned length if it is longer than 255 bytes. The public key
modulus field is a multiprecision unsigned integer. The length of
the modulus can be determined from the RDLENGTH and the preceding
RDATA fields including the exponent.
Leading zero bytes are prohibited in the exponent and modulus.
3.5 RDATA format - DSA public key
If the algorithm type has the value 2, then public key portion
contains an DSA public key, encoded as described in [6].
4. Presentation formats
4.1 File Representation of IPSECKEY RRs
IPSECKEY RRs may appear as lines in a zone data master file. The
precedence field is mandatory. While both the gateway and public key
fields are optional, it is illegal for neither to be present.
As the IPv4, IPv6 and FQDN references to the gateway are mutually
exclusive, they can share a position. If no gateway is to be
indicated, then the special tokens of either "-" or "none" may be
used.
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38.46.139.192.in-addr.arpa. 7200 IN IPSECKEY ( 10 192.139.46.38
RSA: AQOrXJxB56Q28iOO43Va36elIFFKc/QB2orIeL94BdC5X4idFQZjSpsZ
Th48wKVXUE9xjwUkwR4R4/+1vjNN7KFp9fcqa2OxgjsoGqCn+3OPR8La
9uyvZg0OBuSTj3qkbh/2HacAUJ7vqvjQ3W8Wj6sMXtTueR8NNcdSzJh1
49ch3zqfiXrxxna8+8UEDQaRR9KOPiSvXb2KjnuDan6hDKOT4qTZRRRC
MWwnNQ9zPIMNbLBp0rNcZ+ZGFg2ckWtWh5yhv1iXYLV2vmd9DB6d4Dv8
cW7scc3rPmDXpYR6APqPBRHlcbenfHCt+oCkEWse8OQhMM56KODIVQq3
fejrfi1H )
5. IANA Considerations
IANA is asked to assign resource record 44 to this resource record.
6. Acknowledgments
People who pushed me to write this.
Normative references
[1] Massey, D. and S. Rose, "Limiting the Scope of the KEY Resource
Record", ID internet-draft (draft-ietf-dnsext-restrict-key-for-
dnssec-02) (normative), March 2002.
[2] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - concepts and facilities", STD
13, RFC 1034, November 1987.
[3] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - implementation and
specification", STD 13, RFC 1035, November 1987.
[4] Thomson, S. and C. Huitema, "DNS Extensions to support IP
version 6", RFC 1886, December 1995.
[5] Eastlake, D., "Domain Name System Security Extensions", RFC
2535, March 1999.
[6] Eastlake, D., "DSA KEYs and SIGs in the Domain Name System
(DNS)", RFC 2536, March 1999.
[7] Eastlake, D., "RSA/SHA-1 SIGs and RSA KEYs in the Domain Name
System (DNS)", RFC 3110, May 2001.
Author's Address
Michael C. Richardson
Sandelman Software Works
470 Dawson Avenue
Ottawa, ON K1Z 5V7
CA
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EMail: mcr@sandelman.ottawa.on.ca
URI: http://www.sandelman.ottawa.on.ca/
Full Copyright Statement
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003). All Rights Reserved.
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Acknowledgement
Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
Internet Society.
Richardson Expires July 16, 2003 [Page 6]
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