Commit d67ac1df authored by Mark Andrews's avatar Mark Andrews
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new draft

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Network Working Group W. Hardaker
Internet-Draft Sparta
Expires: May 14, 2006 November 10, 2005
Use of SHA-256 in DNSSEC Delegation Signer (DS) Resource Records (RRs)
draft-ietf-dnsext-ds-sha256-00.txt
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This Internet-Draft will expire on May 14, 2006.
Copyright Notice
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).
Abstract
This document defines the use of the SHA-256 digest type for creating
digests of DNSKEY Resource Records (RRs). These digests can then be
published in Delegation Signer (DS) resource records (RRs) by a
parent zone.
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Implementing the SHA-256 algorithm for DS record support . . . 3
2.1. DS record field values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.2. DS Record with SHA-256 Wire Format . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3. Implementation Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4. Deployment Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
7. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
8. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
8.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
8.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Appendix A. Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . . . 7
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1. Introduction
The DNSSEC [RFC4033] [RFC4034] [RFC4035] DS RR is published by parent
zones to distribute a cryptographic digest of a child's Key Signing
Key (KSK) DNSKEY RR. This DS RR is signed using the parent zone's
private half of it's DNSKEY and is published in a RRSIG record.
2. Implementing the SHA-256 algorithm for DS record support
This document specifies that the digest type code [XXX: To be
assigned by IANA; likely 2] is to be assigned to SHA-256 [SHA256] for
use within DS records. The results of the digest algorithm MUST NOT
be truncated and the entire 32 byte digest result is to be published
in the DS record.
2.1. DS record field values
Using the SHA-256 digest algorithm within a DS record will make use
of the following DS-record fields:
Digest type: [XXX: To be assigned by IANA; likely 2]
Digest: A SHA-256 bit digest value calculated by using the following
formula ("|" denotes concatenation). The resulting value is not
truncated and the entire 32 byte result is to used in the
resulting DS record and related calculations.
digest = SHA_256(DNSKEY owner name | DNSKEY RDATA)
where DNSKEY RDATA is defined by [RFC4034] as:
DNSKEY RDATA = Flags | Protocol | Algorithm | Public Key
The Key Tag field and Algorithm fields remain unchanged by this
document and are specified in the [RFC4034] specification.
2.2. DS Record with SHA-256 Wire Format
The resulting packet format for the resulting DS record will be [XXX:
IANA assignment should replace the 2 below]:
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1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Key Tag | Algorithm | DigestType=2 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
/ /
/ Digest (length for SHA-256 is 32 bytes) /
/ /
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-|
3. Implementation Requirements
Implementations MUST support the use of the SHA-256 algorithm in DS
RRs.
Implementations that support SHA-256 MUST prefer DS records with SHA-
256 (digest type number [XXX: RFC to be assigned by IANA; likely 2])
digests over DS records with SHA-1 (digest type number 1) digests.
4. Deployment Requirements
Deployments SHOULD publish both SHA-1 and SHA-256 based DS records
for 2 years from the publication date of this RFC (XXX: RFC Editor:
Please insert the calculated date here).
5. IANA Considerations
The Digest Type to be used for supporting SHA-256 within DS records
needs to be assigned by IANA. This document requests that the Digest
Type value of 2 be assigned to the SHA-256 digest algorithm.
6. Security Considerations
Because of the weaknesses recently discovered within the SHA-1
algorithm, users of DNSSEC are encouraged to deploy the use of SHA-
256 as soon as software implementations in use allow for it.
At the time of this publication, the SHA-256 algorithm is considered
sufficiently strong for the immediate future. It is considered also
considered sufficient for use in DNSSEC DS RRs for the immediate
future. However, future published attacks may, of course, weaken the
usability of this algorithm within the DS RRs.
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7. Acknowledgments
This document is a minor extension to the existing DNSSEC documents
and those authors are gratefully appreciated for the hard work that
went into the base documents.
8. References
8.1. Normative References
[RFC4033] Arends, R., Austein, R., Larson, M., Massey, D., and S.
Rose, "DNS Security Introduction and Requirements",
RFC 4033, March 2005.
[RFC4034] Arends, R., Austein, R., Larson, M., Massey, D., and S.
Rose, "Resource Records for the DNS Security Extensions",
RFC 4034, March 2005.
[RFC4035] Arends, R., Austein, R., Larson, M., Massey, D., and S.
Rose, "Protocol Modifications for the DNS Security
Extensions", RFC 4035, March 2005.
[SHA256] National Institute of Standards and Technology, "Secure
Hash Algorithm. NIST FIPS 180-2", August 2002.
8.2. Informative References
Appendix A. Example
TBD
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Internet-Draft Use of SHA-256 in DNSSEC DS RRs November 2005
Author's Address
Wes Hardaker
Sparta
P.O. Box 382
Davis 95617
US
Email: hardaker@tislabs.com
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Internet-Draft Use of SHA-256 in DNSSEC DS RRs November 2005
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Hardaker Expires May 14, 2006 [Page 7]
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