ns_name.c 17.6 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (c) 2004-2019 by Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
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 * Copyright (c) 1996-2003 by Internet Software Consortium
 *
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 * This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/.
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 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
 * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
 * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
 * ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT
 * OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 *
 *   Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
 *   950 Charter Street
 *   Redwood City, CA 94063
 *   <info@isc.org>
 *   http://www.isc.org/
 */

#include <sys/types.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>

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#include "ns_name.h"
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#include "arpa/nameser.h"

/* Data. */

static const char	digits[] = "0123456789";

/* Forward. */

static int		special(int);
static int		printable(int);
static int		dn_find(const u_char *, const u_char *,
				const u_char * const *,
				const u_char * const *);

/* Public. */

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/*
 * MRns_name_len(eom, src)
 *	Compute the length of encoded uncompressed domain name.
 * return:
 *	-1 if it fails, or to be consumed octets if it succeeds.
 */
int
MRns_name_len(const u_char *eom, const u_char *src)
{
	const u_char *srcp;
	unsigned n;
	int len;

	len = -1;
	srcp = src;
	if (srcp >= eom) {
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	}
	/* Fetch next label in domain name. */
	while ((n = *srcp++) != 0) {
		/* Limit checks. */
		if (srcp + n >= eom) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		srcp += n;
	}
	if (len < 0)
		len = srcp - src;
	return (len);
}

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/*
 * MRns_name_ntop(src, dst, dstsiz)
 *	Convert an encoded domain name to printable ascii as per RFC1035.
 * return:
 *	Number of bytes written to buffer, or -1 (with errno set)
 * notes:
 *	The root is returned as "."
 *	All other domains are returned in non absolute form
 */
int
MRns_name_ntop(const u_char *src, char *dst, size_t dstsiz) {
	const u_char *cp;
	char *dn, *eom;
	u_char c;
	u_int n;

	cp = src;
	dn = dst;
	eom = dst + dstsiz;

	while ((n = *cp++) != 0) {
		if ((n & NS_CMPRSFLGS) != 0) {
			/* Some kind of compression pointer. */
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		if (dn != dst) {
			if (dn >= eom) {
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
			*dn++ = '.';
		}
		if (dn + n >= eom) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		for ((void)NULL; n > 0; n--) {
			c = *cp++;
			if (special(c)) {
				if (dn + 1 >= eom) {
					errno = EMSGSIZE;
					return (-1);
				}
				*dn++ = '\\';
				*dn++ = (char)c;
			} else if (!printable(c)) {
				if (dn + 3 >= eom) {
					errno = EMSGSIZE;
					return (-1);
				}
				*dn++ = '\\';
				*dn++ = digits[c / 100];
				*dn++ = digits[(c % 100) / 10];
				*dn++ = digits[c % 10];
			} else {
				if (dn >= eom) {
					errno = EMSGSIZE;
					return (-1);
				}
				*dn++ = (char)c;
			}
		}
	}
	if (dn == dst) {
		if (dn >= eom) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		*dn++ = '.';
	}
	if (dn >= eom) {
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	}
	*dn++ = '\0';
	return (dn - dst);
}

/*
 * MRns_name_pton(src, dst, dstsiz)
 *	Convert a ascii string into an encoded domain name as per RFC1035.
 * return:
 *	-1 if it fails
 *	1 if string was fully qualified
 *	0 is string was not fully qualified
 * notes:
 *	Enforces label and domain length limits.
 */

int
MRns_name_pton(const char *src, u_char *dst, size_t dstsiz) {
	u_char *label, *bp, *eom;
	int c, n, escaped;
	char *cp;

	escaped = 0;
	bp = dst;
	eom = dst + dstsiz;
	label = bp++;

	while ((c = *src++) != 0) {
		if (escaped) {
			if ((cp = strchr(digits, c)) != NULL) {
				n = (cp - digits) * 100;
				if ((c = *src++) == 0 ||
				    (cp = strchr(digits, c)) == NULL) {
					errno = EMSGSIZE;
					return (-1);
				}
				n += (cp - digits) * 10;
				if ((c = *src++) == 0 ||
				    (cp = strchr(digits, c)) == NULL) {
					errno = EMSGSIZE;
					return (-1);
				}
				n += (cp - digits);
				if (n > 255) {
					errno = EMSGSIZE;
					return (-1);
				}
				c = n;
			}
			escaped = 0;
		} else if (c == '\\') {
			escaped = 1;
			continue;
		} else if (c == '.') {
			c = (bp - label - 1);
			if ((c & NS_CMPRSFLGS) != 0) {	/* Label too big. */
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
			if (label >= eom) {
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
			*label = c;
			/* Fully qualified ? */
			if (*src == '\0') {
				if (c != 0) {
					if (bp >= eom) {
						errno = EMSGSIZE;
						return (-1);
					}
					*bp++ = '\0';
				}
				if ((bp - dst) > MAXCDNAME) {
					errno = EMSGSIZE;
					return (-1);
				}
				return (1);
			}
			if (c == 0 || *src == '.') {
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
			label = bp++;
			continue;
		}
		if (bp >= eom) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		*bp++ = (u_char)c;
	}
	c = (bp - label - 1);
	if ((c & NS_CMPRSFLGS) != 0) {		/* Label too big. */
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	}
	if (label >= eom) {
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	}
	*label = c;
	if (c != 0) {
		if (bp >= eom) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		*bp++ = 0;
	}
	if ((bp - dst) > MAXCDNAME) {	/* src too big */
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	}
	return (0);
}

/*
 * MRns_name_ntol(src, dst, dstsiz)
 *	Convert a network strings labels into all lowercase.
 * return:
 *	Number of bytes written to buffer, or -1 (with errno set)
 * notes:
 *	Enforces label and domain length limits.
 */

int
MRns_name_ntol(const u_char *src, u_char *dst, size_t dstsiz) {
	const u_char *cp;
	u_char *dn, *eom;
	u_char c;
	u_int n;

	cp = src;
	dn = dst;
	eom = dst + dstsiz;

	if (dn >= eom) {
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	}
	while ((n = *cp++) != 0) {
		if ((n & NS_CMPRSFLGS) != 0) {
			/* Some kind of compression pointer. */
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		*dn++ = n;
		if (dn + n >= eom) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		for ((void)NULL; n > 0; n--) {
			c = *cp++;
			if (isupper(c))
				*dn++ = tolower(c);
			else
				*dn++ = c;
		}
	}
	*dn++ = '\0';
	return (dn - dst);
}

/*
 * MRns_name_unpack(msg, eom, src, dst, dstsiz)
 *	Unpack a domain name from a message, source may be compressed.
 * return:
 *	-1 if it fails, or consumed octets if it succeeds.
 */
int
MRns_name_unpack(const u_char *msg, const u_char *eom, const u_char *src,
	         u_char *dst, size_t dstsiz)
{
	const u_char *srcp, *dstlim;
	u_char *dstp;
	unsigned n;
	int len;
	int checked;

	len = -1;
	checked = 0;
	dstp = dst;
	srcp = src;
	dstlim = dst + dstsiz;
	if (srcp < msg || srcp >= eom) {
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	}
	/* Fetch next label in domain name. */
	while ((n = *srcp++) != 0) {
		/* Check for indirection. */
		switch (n & NS_CMPRSFLGS) {
		case 0:
			/* Limit checks. */
			if (dstp + n + 1 >= dstlim || srcp + n >= eom) {
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
			checked += n + 1;
			*dstp++ = n;
			memcpy(dstp, srcp, n);
			dstp += n;
			srcp += n;
			break;

		case NS_CMPRSFLGS:
			if (srcp >= eom) {
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
			if (len < 0)
				len = srcp - src + 1;
			srcp = msg + (((n & 0x3f) << 8) | (*srcp & 0xff));
			if (srcp < msg || srcp >= eom) {  /* Out of range. */
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
			checked += 2;
			/*
			 * Check for loops in the compressed name;
			 * if we've looked at the whole message,
			 * there must be a loop.
			 */
			if (checked >= eom - msg) {
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
			break;

		default:
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);			/* flag error */
		}
	}
	*dstp = '\0';
	if (len < 0)
		len = srcp - src;
	return (len);
}

/*
 * MRns_name_pack(src, dst, dstsiz, dnptrs, lastdnptr)
 *	Pack domain name 'domain' into 'comp_dn'.
 * return:
 *	Size of the compressed name, or -1.
 * notes:
 *	'dnptrs' is an array of pointers to previous compressed names.
 *	dnptrs[0] is a pointer to the beginning of the message. The array
 *	ends with NULL.
 *	'lastdnptr' is a pointer to the end of the array pointed to
 *	by 'dnptrs'.
 * Side effects:
 *	The list of pointers in dnptrs is updated for labels inserted into
 *	the message as we compress the name.  If 'dnptr' is NULL, we don't
 *	try to compress names. If 'lastdnptr' is NULL, we don't update the
 *	list.
 */
int
MRns_name_pack(const u_char *src, u_char *dst, unsigned dstsiz,
	       const u_char **dnptrs, const u_char **lastdnptr)
{
	u_char *dstp;
	const u_char **cpp, **lpp, *eob, *msg;
	const u_char *srcp;
	unsigned n;
	int l;

	srcp = src;
	dstp = dst;
	eob = dstp + dstsiz;
	lpp = cpp = NULL;
	if (dnptrs != NULL) {
		if ((msg = *dnptrs++) != NULL) {
			for (cpp = dnptrs; *cpp != NULL; cpp++)
				(void)NULL;
			lpp = cpp;	/* end of list to search */
		}
	} else
		msg = NULL;

	/* make sure the domain we are about to add is legal */
	l = 0;
	do {
		n = *srcp;
		if ((n & NS_CMPRSFLGS) != 0) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		l += n + 1;
		if (l > MAXCDNAME) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		srcp += n + 1;
	} while (n != 0);

	/* from here on we need to reset compression pointer array on error */
	srcp = src;
	do {
		/* Look to see if we can use pointers. */
		n = *srcp;
		if (n != 0 && msg != NULL) {
			l = dn_find(srcp, msg, (const u_char * const *)dnptrs,
				    (const u_char * const *)lpp);
			if (l >= 0) {
				if (dstp + 1 >= eob) {
					goto cleanup;
				}
				*dstp++ = (l >> 8) | NS_CMPRSFLGS;
				*dstp++ = l % 256;
				return (dstp - dst);
			}
			/* Not found, save it. */
			if (lastdnptr != NULL && cpp < lastdnptr - 1 &&
			    (dstp - msg) < 0x4000) {
				*cpp++ = dstp;
				*cpp = NULL;
			}
		}
		/* copy label to buffer */
		if (n & NS_CMPRSFLGS) {		/* Should not happen. */
			goto cleanup;
		}
		if (dstp + 1 + n >= eob) {
			goto cleanup;
		}
		memcpy(dstp, srcp, n + 1);
		srcp += n + 1;
		dstp += n + 1;
	} while (n != 0);

	if (dstp > eob) {
cleanup:
		if (msg != NULL)
			*lpp = NULL;
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	} 
	return (dstp - dst);
}

/*
 * MRns_name_uncompress(msg, eom, src, dst, dstsiz)
 *	Expand compressed domain name to presentation format.
 * return:
 *	Number of bytes read out of `src', or -1 (with errno set).
 * note:
 *	Root domain returns as "." not "".
 */
int
MRns_name_uncompress(const u_char *msg, const u_char *eom, const u_char *src,
		     char *dst, size_t dstsiz)
{
	u_char tmp[NS_MAXCDNAME];
	int n;
	
	if ((n = MRns_name_unpack(msg, eom, src, tmp, sizeof tmp)) == -1)
		return (-1);
	if (MRns_name_ntop(tmp, dst, dstsiz) == -1)
		return (-1);
	return (n);
}

/*
 * MRns_name_compress(src, dst, dstsiz, dnptrs, lastdnptr)
 *	Compress a domain name into wire format, using compression pointers.
 * return:
 *	Number of bytes consumed in `dst' or -1 (with errno set).
 * notes:
 *	'dnptrs' is an array of pointers to previous compressed names.
 *	dnptrs[0] is a pointer to the beginning of the message.
 *	The list ends with NULL.  'lastdnptr' is a pointer to the end of the
 *	array pointed to by 'dnptrs'. Side effect is to update the list of
 *	pointers for labels inserted into the message as we compress the name.
 *	If 'dnptr' is NULL, we don't try to compress names. If 'lastdnptr'
 *	is NULL, we don't update the list.
 */
int
MRns_name_compress(const char *src, u_char *dst, size_t dstsiz,
		 const u_char **dnptrs, const u_char **lastdnptr)
{
	u_char tmp[NS_MAXCDNAME];

	if (MRns_name_pton(src, tmp, sizeof tmp) == -1)
		return (-1);
	return (MRns_name_pack(tmp, dst, dstsiz, dnptrs, lastdnptr));
}

/*
 * MRns_name_skip(ptrptr, eom)
 *	Advance *ptrptr to skip over the compressed name it points at.
 * return:
 *	0 on success, -1 (with errno set) on failure.
 */
int
MRns_name_skip(const u_char **ptrptr, const u_char *eom) {
	const u_char *cp;
	u_int n;

	cp = *ptrptr;
	while (cp < eom && (n = *cp++) != 0) {
		/* Check for indirection. */
		switch (n & NS_CMPRSFLGS) {
		case 0:			/* normal case, n == len */
			cp += n;
			continue;
		case NS_CMPRSFLGS:	/* indirection */
			cp++;
			break;
		default:		/* illegal type */
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}
		break;
	}
	if (cp > eom) {
		errno = EMSGSIZE;
		return (-1);
	}
	*ptrptr = cp;
	return (0);
}

/* Private. */

/*
 * special(ch)
 *	Thinking in noninternationalized USASCII (per the DNS spec),
 *	is this characted special ("in need of quoting") ?
 * return:
 *	boolean.
 */
static int
special(int ch) {
	switch (ch) {
	case 0x22: /* '"' */
	case 0x2E: /* '.' */
	case 0x3B: /* ';' */
	case 0x5C: /* '\\' */
	/* Special modifiers in zone files. */
	case 0x40: /* '@' */
	case 0x24: /* '$' */
		return (1);
	default:
		return (0);
	}
}

/*
 * printable(ch)
 *	Thinking in noninternationalized USASCII (per the DNS spec),
 *	is this character visible and not a space when printed ?
 * return:
 *	boolean.
 */
static int
printable(int ch) {
	return (ch > 0x20 && ch < 0x7f);
}

/*
 *	Thinking in noninternationalized USASCII (per the DNS spec),
 *	convert this character to lower case if it's upper case.
 */
static int
mklower(int ch) {
	if (ch >= 0x41 && ch <= 0x5A)
		return (ch + 0x20);
	return (ch);
}

/*
 * dn_find(domain, msg, dnptrs, lastdnptr)
 *	Search for the counted-label name in an array of compressed names.
 * return:
 *	offset from msg if found, or -1.
 * notes:
 *	dnptrs is the pointer to the first name on the list,
 *	not the pointer to the start of the message.
 */
static int
dn_find(const u_char *domain, const u_char *msg,
	const u_char * const *dnptrs,
	const u_char * const *lastdnptr)
{
	const u_char *dn, *cp, *sp;
	const u_char * const *cpp;
	u_int n;

	for (cpp = dnptrs; cpp < lastdnptr; cpp++) {
		dn = domain;
		sp = cp = *cpp;
		while ((n = *cp++) != 0) {
			/*
			 * check for indirection
			 */
			switch (n & NS_CMPRSFLGS) {
			case 0:			/* normal case, n == len */
				if (n != *dn++)
					goto next;
				for ((void)NULL; n > 0; n--)
					if (mklower(*dn++) != mklower(*cp++))
						goto next;
				/* Is next root for both ? */
				if (*dn == '\0' && *cp == '\0')
					return (sp - msg);
				if (*dn)
					continue;
				goto next;

			case NS_CMPRSFLGS:	/* indirection */
				cp = msg + (((n & 0x3f) << 8) | *cp);
				break;

			default:	/* illegal type */
				errno = EMSGSIZE;
				return (-1);
			}
		}
 next: ;
	}
	errno = ENOENT;
	return (-1);
}
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/*!
 * \brief Creates a string of comma-separated domain-names from a
 * compressed list
 *
 * Produces a null-terminated string of comma-separated domain-names from
 * a buffer containing a compressed list of domain-names. The names will
 * be dotted and without enclosing quotes. For example:
 * If a compressed list contains the follwoing two domain names:
 *
 *  a. one.two.com
 *  b. three.four.com
 *
 * The compressed data will look like this:
 *
 *  03 6f 6e 65 03 74 77 6f 03 63 6f 6d 00 05 74 68
 *  72 65 65 04 66 6f 75 72 c0 08
 *
 * and will decompress into:
 *
 *  one.two.com,three.four.com
 *
 * \param  buf - buffer containing the compressed list of domain-names
 * \param  buflen - length of compressed list of domain-names
 * \param  dst_buf - buffer to receive the decompressed list
 * \param  dst_size - size of the destination buffer
 *
 * \return the length of the decompressed string when successful, -1 on
 * error.
 */
int MRns_name_uncompress_list(const unsigned char* buf, int buflen,
			      char* dst_buf, size_t dst_size)
{
	const unsigned char* src = buf;
	char* dst = dst_buf;
	int consumed = 1;
	int dst_remaining = dst_size;
	int added_len = 0;
	int first_pass = 1;

	if (!buf || buflen == 0 || *buf == 0x00) {
		/* nothing to do */
		*dst = 0;
		return (0);
	}

	while ((consumed > 0) && (src < (buf + buflen)))
	{
		if (dst_remaining <= 0) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}

		if (!first_pass) {
			*dst++ = ',';
			*dst = '\0';
			dst_remaining--;
		}

		consumed = MRns_name_uncompress(buf, buf + buflen, src,
						dst, dst_remaining);
		if (consumed < 0) {
			return (-1);
		}

		src += consumed;
		added_len = strlen(dst);
		dst_remaining -= added_len;
		dst += added_len;
		first_pass = 0;
	}
	*dst='\0';

	/* return the length of the uncompressed list string */
	return (strlen(dst_buf));
}

/*!
 * \brief Creates a compressed list from a string of comma-separated
 * domain-names
 *
 * Produces a buffer containing a compressed data version of a list of
 * domain-names extracted from a comma-separated string. Given a string
 * containing:
 *
 *  one.two.com,three.four.com
 *
 * It will compress this into:
 *
 *  03 6f 6e 65 03 74 77 6f 03 63 6f 6d 00 05 74 68
 *  72 65 65 04 66 6f 75 72 c0 08
 *
 * \param  buf - buffer containing the uncompressed string of domain-names
 * \param  buflen - length of uncompressed string of domain-names
 * \param  compbuf - buffer to receive the compressed list
 * \param  compbuf_size - size of the compression buffer
 *
 * \return the length of the compressed data when successful, -1 on error.
 */
int MRns_name_compress_list(const char* buf, int buflen,
	unsigned char* compbuf, size_t compbuf_size)
{
	char cur_name[NS_MAXCDNAME];
	const unsigned char *dnptrs[256], **lastdnptr;
	const char* src;
	const char* src_end;
	unsigned clen = 0;
	int result = 0;

	memset(compbuf, 0, compbuf_size);
	memset(dnptrs, 0, sizeof(dnptrs));
	dnptrs[0] = compbuf;
	lastdnptr = &dnptrs[255];

	src = buf;
	src_end = buf + buflen;
	while (src < src_end) {
		char *comma = strchr(src, ',');
		int copylen = ((comma != NULL) ? comma - src : strlen(src));
		if (copylen > (sizeof(cur_name) - 1)) {
			errno = EMSGSIZE;
			return (-1);
		}

		memcpy(cur_name, src, copylen);
		cur_name[copylen] = '\0';
		src += copylen + 1;

		result = MRns_name_compress(cur_name, compbuf + clen,
					    compbuf_size - clen,
					    dnptrs, lastdnptr);

		if (result < 0) {
			return (-1);
		}

		clen += result;
	}

	/* return size of compressed list */
	return(clen);
}