Commit 26833160 authored by Ted Lemon's avatar Ted Lemon
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Install 1.0 README updates and modify for 2.0

parent 74eda6c5
Internet Software Consortium
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Server
Beta Release 5
August 29, 1996
This is the fifth Beta release of the Internet Software Consortium
DHCP Server (ISC dhcpd). In this Beta release, support for the core
DHCP and BOOTP protocols are provided. This release currently works
well on Digital Alpha OSF/1, SunOS 4.1.4, NetBSD, FreeBSD and BSD/OS.
It can also be run usefully on Solaris as long as only one network
interface is being used. It also runs on Ultrix, QNX and Linux as
long as only one network interface is present and a host route is
added from that interface to the 255.255.255.255 broadcast address.
BUILDING DHCPD
To build dhcpd, type ``configure''. If configure can figure out what
sort of system you're running on, it will create a custom Makefile for
you for that system; otherwise, it will complain. Once you've run
configure, just type ``make'', and after a while you should have a
dhcp server. If you get compile errors on one of the systems
mentioned above, please let us know. If you get errors on a system
not mentioned above, you probably need to think about doing a port.
PORTING
If you want to attempt a port, the first thing to do is to make a copy
of one of the header files in cf/ for your system and hack the
variables you find there as needed. Hack osdep.h to conditionally
include your header file when compiling on your system.
DHCP servers require more of their network stack than most network
servers do. A DHCP server must be able to tell which network
interface a packet arrived on. If you have only one interface, this
is easy, which is why dhcpd works on a lot of systems if you only have
one network interface. If you have several network interfaces, dhcpd
only works on systems for which some kind of low-level network
interface support is present. Currently there are low-level network
drivers for the Berkeley Packet Filter (BPF) and Sun's STREAMS Network
Interface Tap (NIT). If you want to make dhcpd work really well on
your favourite system, and it doesn't support NIT or BPF, you're going
to need to implement a new low-level driver program along the lines of
bpf.c or nit.c in order to make this happen.
Even if you only need dhcpd to work on systems with a single
interface, there can still be problems. Of all the systems dhcpd
currently works on, only one (Solaris) has an IP stack that allows the
all-ones broadcast address (255.255.255.255) to go out onto the
network unchanged. Other systems insist on changing 255.255.255.255
into the local subnet broadcast address (here, that's
204.254.239.255). This results in a protocol violation, and while
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Distribution
Engineering Release
May 8, 1997
This is an engineering snapshot of work in progress on version 2.0 of
the Internet Software Consortium DHCP Distribution. In version 2.0,
this distribution includes a DHCP server, a DHCP client, and a
BOOTP/DHCP relay agent. This is a release of work in progress, and
should *not* be considered stable. If it works for you, great. If
not, let me know about the problem, but don't expect an immediate fix.
DHCP server users running a production environment should probably use
the latest version on the 1.0 release branch, which is more stable,
having been in a feature freeze since November of 1996.
In this release, the server and relay agent currently work well on
Digital Alpha OSF/1, SunOS 4.1.4, NetBSD, FreeBSD, BSD/OS and Ultrix.
They can also be run usefully on Solaris as long as only one network
interface is being used. They also runs on QNX and Linux as long as
only one network interface is present and a host route is added from
that interface to the 255.255.255.255 broadcast address.
The DHCP client currently only configures the network when running on
NetBSD. This is because the client depends on a system-dependent
shell script to do network configuration, and the only such script
that currently exists in a distributable form is the one for NetBSD.
A version for Linux is under development. For other operating
systems, you would have to develop your own.
If you wish to run the DHCP Distribution on Linux, please see the
Linux-specific notes later in this document. If you wish to run on a
SCO release, please see the SCO-specific notes later in this document.
You particularly need to read these notes if you intend to support
Windows 95 clients. If you are running a version of FreeBSD prior to
2.2, please read the note on FreeBSD. If you are running HP-UX or
Ultrix, please read the notes for those operating systems below.
BUILDING THE DHCP DISTRIBUTION
To build the DHCP Distribution, type ``configure''. If configure can
figure out what sort of system you're running on, it will create a
custom Makefile for you for that system; otherwise, it will complain.
If it can't figure out what system you are using, that system is not
supported - you are on your own.
Once you've run configure, just type ``make'', and after a while you
should have a dhcp server. If you get compile errors on one of the
supported systems mentioned earlier, please let us know. If you get
errors on a system not mentioned above, you will need to do some
programming or debugging on your own to get the DHCP Distribution working.
LINUX
In order for dhcpd to work correctly with picky DHCP clients (e.g.,
Windows 95), it must be able to send packets with an IP destination
address of 255.255.255.255. Unfortunately, Linux insists on changing
255.255.255.255 into the local subnet broadcast address (here, that's
192.5.5.223). This results in a DHCP protocol violation, and while
many DHCP clients don't notice the problem, some (e.g., all Microsoft
DHCP clients) do. Clients that have this problem will appear not to
see DHCOPFFER responses from the server.
see DHCPOFFER messages from the server.
It is possible to work around this problem on most such systems by
creating a host route from your network interface address to
255.255.255.255. On most systems, you do this with:
It is possible to work around this problem on some versions of Linux
by creating a host route from your network interface address to
255.255.255.255. The command you need to use to do this on Linux
varies from version to version. The easiest version is:
route add 255.255.255.255 <your-interface-address> 0
route add -host 255.255.255.255 dev eth0
or
On some older Linux systems, you will get an error if you try to do
this. On those systems, try adding the following entry to your
/etc/hosts file:
route add -host 255.255.255.255 <your-interface-address>
255.255.255.255 all-ones
Some Linux systems work better with:
Then, try:
route add -host 255.255.255.255 dev <your-interface-name>
route add -host all-ones dev eth0
On some systems, you will get error messages if you use the route
command, but may succeed if you write a small program to do the system
calls. It would be nice if dhcpd were to do this automatically.
If you have a patch to do this, send it in! :')
Another route that has worked for some users is:
route add -net 255.255.255.0 dev eth0
DEBUGGING
If you are not using eth0 as your network interface, you should
specify the network interface you *are* using in your route command.
dhcpd logs to LOG_DAEMON. Depending on the logging level that you
choose with syslog, you can get quite a bit of information about what
dhcpd is doing. To get the most logging, put the following in your
/etc/syslog.conf file and restart syslog:
SCO
daemon.debug: /var/log/daemon.log
SCO has the same problem as Linux (described earlier). The thing is,
SCO *really* doesn't want to let you add a host route to the all-ones
broadcast address. One technique that has been successful on some
versions of SCO is the very bizarre command:
You may, of course, change the filename to suit your taste. Be sure
that the log file actually exists before restarting syslogd. In
addition to dhcp logging, you may also capture a lot of information
from other daemons that you aren't interested in. If this is a
problem, you may want to edit site.h and redefine the
DHCPD_LOG_FACILITY macro to, for example, LOG_LOCAL7, and then use
local7.debug instead of daemon.debug. You need to recompile and
reinstall if you make this change.
ifconfig net0 alias 10.1.1.1 netmask 8.0.0.0
You can also specify the -d flag on the command line to have dhcpd log
all of its output to standard error as well as to syslog. To run
dhcpd under the debugger, supply the -f flag.
Apparently this works because of an interaction between SCO's support
for network classes and the weird netmask. The 10.* network is just a
dummy that can generally be assumed to be safe. Don't ask why this
works. Just try it. If it works for you, great. If not, SCO is
supposedly adding hooks to support real DHCP service in a future
release - I have this on good authority from the people at SCO who do
*their* DHCP server and client.
More verbose debugging information can be obtained by defining
DEBUG_PACKET in site.h and recompiling. This will give you hex dumps
and symbolic dumps of all DHCP packets that are successfully processed
or are generated by dhcpd.
HP-UX
HP-UX has the same problem with the all-ones broadcast address that
SCO and Linux have. It is not entirely clear to me how to get it
working on HP-UX, but I'm given to understand that some users have
succeeded. HP-UX comes with its own DHCP server as of version 10, so
there hasn't been a lot of interest in this recently. If you have
trouble, ask on the mailing list.
ULTRIX
Now that we have Ultrix packet filter support, the DHCP Distribution
on Ultrix should be pretty trouble-free. However, one thing you do
need to be aware of is that it now requires that the pfilt device be
configured into your kernel and present in /dev. If you type ``man
packetfilter'', you will get some information on how to configure your
kernel for the packet filter (if it isn't already) and how to make an
entry for it in /dev.
FreeBSD
Versions of FreeBSD prior to 2.2 have a bug in BPF support in that the
ethernet driver swaps the ethertype field in the ethernet header
downstream from BPF, which corrupts the output packet. If you are
running a version of FreeBSD prior to 2.2, and you find that dhcpd
can't communicate with its clients, you should #define BROKEN_FREEBSD_BPF
in site.h and recompile.
SUPPORT
......@@ -106,29 +135,37 @@ ISC DHCPD is not a commercial product, and is not supported in that
sense. However, it has attracted a fairly sizable following on the
Internet, which means that there are a lot of knowledgable users who
may be able to help you if you get stuck. These people generally read
the dhcpd-users@fugue.com mailing list.
If you are going to use dhcpd, you should probably subscribe to
dhcpd-users, as well as dhcpd-announce. For details, please see
http://www.fugue.com/dhcp/lists. If you don't have WorldWide Web
access, you can send mail to dhcpd-request@fugue.com and tell me which
lists you want to subscribe to, but please use the web interface if
you can, since I have to handle the -request mailing list manually.
PLEASE DO NOT SEND REQUESTS FOR SUPPORT DIRECTLY TO ME! The number
of people using dhcpd is sufficiently large that if I take an
interrupt every time any one of those people runs into trouble, I will
never get any more coding done.
the dhcp-server@fugue.com mailing list.
If you are going to use dhcpd, you should probably subscribe to the
dhcp-server and dhcp-announce mailing lists. If you will be using
dhclient, you should subscribe to the dhcp-client mailing list. For
details, please see http://www.fugue.com/dhcp/lists. If you don't
have WorldWide Web access, you can send mail to dhcp-request@fugue.com
and tell me which lists you want to subscribe to, but please use the
web interface if you can, since I have to handle the -request mailing
list manually, and I will give you the third degree if you make me do
your subscription manually.
PLEASE DO NOT SEND REQUESTS FOR SUPPORT DIRECTLY TO ME! The number of
people using the DHCP Distribution is sufficiently large that if I
take an interrupt every time any one of those people runs into
trouble, I will never get any more coding done.
PLEASE DO NOT CALL ME ON THE PHONE FOR SUPPORT! Answering the phone
takes a lot more of my time and attention than answering email. If you
do call me on the phone, I will tell you to send email to the mailing
list, and I won't answer your question, so there's no point in doing
it.
BUGS
This release of dhcpd does not contain support for DHCPINFORM.
Support for DHCPINFORM will be present in the next release.
DHCPINFORM is somewhat tangential to the main purpose of the DHCP
protocol, so this probably won't be a major problem for most users.
This release of the DHCP Distribution does not yet contain support for
DHCPINFORM. Support for DHCPINFORM will be present in the release at
a later time. DHCPINFORM is somewhat tangential to the main purpose
of the DHCP protocol, so this probably won't be a major problem for
most users.
The man page for dhcpd.leases is not yet ready.
Vendor tags and User tags are not currently supported.
The system is painful to configure. I will try to get GNU configure
going in the next release.
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