cfg_subnets4_unittest.cc 22.7 KB
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// Copyright (C) 2014-2017 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
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//
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// This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
// License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
// file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/.
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#include <config.h>
#include <dhcp/classify.h>
#include <dhcp/tests/iface_mgr_test_config.h>
#include <dhcpsrv/cfg_subnets4.h>
#include <dhcpsrv/subnet.h>
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#include <dhcpsrv/subnet_id.h>
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#include <dhcpsrv/subnet_selector.h>
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#include <testutils/test_to_element.h>
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#include <gtest/gtest.h>
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#include <vector>
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using namespace isc;
using namespace isc::asiolink;
using namespace isc::dhcp;
using namespace isc::dhcp::test;
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using namespace isc::test;
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namespace {

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// This test verifies that specific subnet can be retrieved by specifying
// subnet identifier or subnet prefix.
TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, getSpecificSubnet) {
    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Create 3 subnets.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"),
                                   26, 1, 2, 3, SubnetID(5)));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"),
                                   26, 1, 2, 3, SubnetID(8)));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"),
                                   26, 1, 2, 3, SubnetID(10)));

    // Store the subnets in a vector to make it possible to loop over
    // all configured subnets.
    std::vector<Subnet4Ptr> subnets;
    subnets.push_back(subnet1);
    subnets.push_back(subnet2);
    subnets.push_back(subnet3);

    // Add all subnets to the configuration.
    for (auto subnet = subnets.cbegin(); subnet != subnets.cend(); ++subnet) {
        ASSERT_NO_THROW(cfg.add(*subnet)) << "failed to add subnet with id: "
            << (*subnet)->getID();
    }

    // Iterate over all subnets and make sure they can be retrieved by
    // subnet identifier.
    for (auto subnet = subnets.rbegin(); subnet != subnets.rend(); ++subnet) {
        ConstSubnet4Ptr subnet_returned = cfg.getBySubnetId((*subnet)->getID());
        ASSERT_TRUE(subnet_returned) << "failed to return subnet with id: "
            << (*subnet)->getID();
        EXPECT_EQ((*subnet)->getID(), subnet_returned->getID());
        EXPECT_EQ((*subnet)->toText(), subnet_returned->toText());
    }

    // Repeat the previous test, but this time retrieve subnets by their
    // prefixes.
    for (auto subnet = subnets.rbegin(); subnet != subnets.rend(); ++subnet) {
        ConstSubnet4Ptr subnet_returned = cfg.getByPrefix((*subnet)->toText());
        ASSERT_TRUE(subnet_returned) << "failed to return subnet with id: "
            << (*subnet)->getID();
        EXPECT_EQ((*subnet)->getID(), subnet_returned->getID());
        EXPECT_EQ((*subnet)->toText(), subnet_returned->toText());
    }

    // Make sure that null pointers are returned for non-existing subnets.
    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.getBySubnetId(SubnetID(123)));
    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.getByPrefix("10.20.30.0/29"));
}

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// This test verifies that it is possible to retrieve a subnet using an
// IP address.
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TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, selectSubnetByCiaddr) {
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    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Create 3 subnets.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3));

    // Make sure that initially the subnets don't exist.
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    SubnetSelector selector;
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.0");
    // Set some unicast local address to simulate a Renew.
    selector.local_address_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.100");
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    ASSERT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Add one subnet and make sure it is returned.
    cfg.add(subnet1);
    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.63");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Add all other subnets.
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

    // Make sure they are returned for the appropriate addresses.
    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.15");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.85");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.191");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet3, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Also, make sure that the NULL pointer is returned if the subnet
    // cannot be found.
    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.192");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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}

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// This test verifies that it is possible to select a subnet by
// matching an interface name.
TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, selectSubnetByIface) {
    // The IfaceMgrTestConfig object initializes fake interfaces:
    // eth0, eth1 and lo on the configuration manager. The CfgSubnets4
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    // object uses interface names to select the appropriate subnet.
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    IfaceMgrTestConfig config(true);

    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Create 3 subnets.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    // No interface defined for subnet1
    subnet2->setIface("lo");
    subnet3->setIface("eth1");

    cfg.add(subnet1);
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

    // Make sure that initially the subnets don't exist.
    SubnetSelector selector;
    // Set an interface to a name that is not defined in the config.
    // Subnet selection should fail.
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth0";
    ASSERT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));

    // Now select an interface name that matches. Selection should succeed
    // and return subnet3.
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth1";
    Subnet4Ptr selected = cfg.selectSubnet(selector);
    ASSERT_TRUE(selected);
    EXPECT_EQ(subnet3, selected);
}
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// This test verifies that when the classification information is specified for
// subnets, the proper subnets are returned by the subnet configuration.
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TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, selectSubnetByClasses) {
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    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Create 3 subnets.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3));

    // Add them to the configuration.
    cfg.add(subnet1);
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

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    SubnetSelector selector;
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    selector.local_address_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.10");

    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.5");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.70");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.130");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet3, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    ClientClasses client_classes;
    client_classes.insert("bar");
    selector.client_classes_ = client_classes;

    // There are no class restrictions defined, so everything should work
    // as before
    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.5");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.70");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.130");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet3, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Now let's add client class restrictions.
    subnet1->allowClientClass("foo"); // Serve here only clients from foo class
    subnet2->allowClientClass("bar"); // Serve here only clients from bar class
    subnet3->allowClientClass("baz"); // Serve here only clients from baz class

    // The same check as above should result in client being served only in
    // bar class, i.e. subnet2.
    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.5");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.70");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.130");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Now let's check that client with wrong class is not supported.
    client_classes.clear();
    client_classes.insert("some_other_class");
    selector.client_classes_ = client_classes;
    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.5");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.70");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.130");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Finally, let's check that client without any classes is not supported.
    client_classes.clear();
    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.5");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.70");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.130");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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}

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// This test verifies the option selection can be used and is only
// used when present.
TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, selectSubnetByOptionSelect) {
    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Create 3 subnets.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3));

    // Add them to the configuration.
    cfg.add(subnet1);
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

    SubnetSelector selector;

    // Check that without option selection something else is used
    selector.ciaddr_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.5");
    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));

    // The option selection has precedence
    selector.option_select_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.130");
    EXPECT_EQ(subnet3, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));

    // Over relay-info too
    selector.giaddr_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.1");
    subnet2->setRelayInfo(IOAddress("10.0.0.1"));
    EXPECT_EQ(subnet3, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
    selector.option_select_ = IOAddress("0.0.0.0");
    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));

    // Check that a not matching option selection it shall fail
    selector.option_select_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.1");
    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
}

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// This test verifies that the relay information can be used to retrieve the
// subnet.
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TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, selectSubnetByRelayAddress) {
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    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Create 3 subnets.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3));

    // Add them to the configuration.
    cfg.add(subnet1);
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

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    SubnetSelector selector;
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    // Check that without relay-info specified, subnets are not selected
    selector.giaddr_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.1");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.giaddr_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.2");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.giaddr_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.3");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Now specify relay info
    subnet1->setRelayInfo(IOAddress("10.0.0.1"));
    subnet2->setRelayInfo(IOAddress("10.0.0.2"));
    subnet3->setRelayInfo(IOAddress("10.0.0.3"));

    // And try again. This time relay-info is there and should match.
    selector.giaddr_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.1");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.giaddr_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.2");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.giaddr_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.3");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet3, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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}

// This test verifies that the subnet can be selected for the client
// using a source address if the client hasn't set the ciaddr.
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TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, selectSubnetNoCiaddr) {
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    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Create 3 subnets.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3));

    // Make sure that initially the subnets don't exist.
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    SubnetSelector selector;
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    selector.remote_address_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.0");
    // Set some unicast local address to simulate a Renew.
    selector.local_address_ = IOAddress("10.0.0.100");
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    ASSERT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Add one subnet and make sure it is returned.
    cfg.add(subnet1);
    selector.remote_address_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.63");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Add all other subnets.
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

    // Make sure they are returned for the appropriate addresses.
    selector.remote_address_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.15");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.remote_address_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.85");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.remote_address_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.191");
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet3, cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Also, make sure that the NULL pointer is returned if the subnet
    // cannot be found.
    selector.remote_address_ = IOAddress("192.0.2.192");
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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}

// This test verifies that the subnet can be selected using an address
// set on the local interface.
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TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, selectSubnetInterface) {
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    // The IfaceMgrTestConfig object initializes fake interfaces:
    // eth0, eth1 and lo on the configuration manager. The CfgSubnets4
    // object uses addresses assigned to these fake interfaces to
    // select the appropriate subnet.
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    IfaceMgrTestConfig config(true);

    CfgSubnets4 cfg;
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    SubnetSelector selector;
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    // Initially, there are no subnets configured, so none of the IPv4
    // addresses assigned to eth0 and eth1 can match with any subnet.
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth0";
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    selector.iface_name_ = "eth1";
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Configure first subnet which address on eth0 corresponds to.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("10.0.0.1"), 24, 1, 2, 3));
    cfg.add(subnet1);

    // The address on eth0 should match the existing subnet.
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth0";
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    Subnet4Ptr subnet1_ret = cfg.selectSubnet(selector);
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    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet1_ret);
    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1->get().first, subnet1_ret->get().first);
    // There should still be no match for eth1.
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth1";
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet(selector));
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    // Configure a second subnet.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"), 24, 1, 2, 3));
    cfg.add(subnet2);

    // There should be match between eth0 and subnet1 and between eth1 and
    // subnet 2.
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth0";
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    subnet1_ret = cfg.selectSubnet(selector);
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    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet1_ret);
    EXPECT_EQ(subnet1->get().first, subnet1_ret->get().first);
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth1";
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    Subnet4Ptr subnet2_ret = cfg.selectSubnet(selector);
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    ASSERT_TRUE(subnet2_ret);
    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2->get().first, subnet2_ret->get().first);

    // This function throws an exception if the name of the interface is wrong.
    selector.iface_name_ = "bogus-interface";
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    EXPECT_THROW(cfg.selectSubnet(selector), isc::BadValue);
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}

// Checks that detection of duplicated subnet IDs works as expected. It should
// not be possible to add two IPv4 subnets holding the same ID.
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TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, duplication) {
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    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 123));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 124));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 123));

    ASSERT_NO_THROW(cfg.add(subnet1));
    EXPECT_NO_THROW(cfg.add(subnet2));
    // Subnet 3 has the same ID as subnet 1. It shouldn't be able to add it.
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    EXPECT_THROW(cfg.add(subnet3), isc::dhcp::DuplicateSubnetID);
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}

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// This test checks if the IPv4 subnet can be selected based on the IPv6 address.
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TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, 4o6subnetMatchByAddress) {
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    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 123));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 124));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 125));

    subnet2->get4o6().setSubnet4o6(IOAddress("2001:db8:1::"), 48);
    subnet3->get4o6().setSubnet4o6(IOAddress("2001:db8:2::"), 48);


    cfg.add(subnet1);
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

    SubnetSelector selector;
    selector.dhcp4o6_ = true;
    selector.remote_address_ = IOAddress("2001:db8:1::dead:beef");

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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet4o6(selector));
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}

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// This test checks if the IPv4 subnet can be selected based on the value of
// interface-id option.
TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, 4o6subnetMatchByInterfaceId) {
    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 123));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 124));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 125));

    const uint8_t dummyPayload1[] = { 1, 2, 3, 4};
    const uint8_t dummyPayload2[] = { 1, 2, 3, 5};
    std::vector<uint8_t> data1(dummyPayload1, dummyPayload1 + sizeof(dummyPayload1));
    std::vector<uint8_t> data2(dummyPayload2, dummyPayload2 + sizeof(dummyPayload2));

    OptionPtr interfaceId1(new Option(Option::V6, D6O_INTERFACE_ID, data1));
    OptionPtr interfaceId2(new Option(Option::V6, D6O_INTERFACE_ID, data2));

    subnet2->get4o6().setInterfaceId(interfaceId1);

    cfg.add(subnet1);
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

    SubnetSelector selector;
    selector.dhcp4o6_ = true;
    selector.interface_id_ = interfaceId2;
    // We have mismatched interface-id options (data1 vs data2). Should not match.
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet4o6(selector));
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    // This time we have correct interface-id. Should match.
    selector.interface_id_ = interfaceId1;
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet4o6(selector));
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}

// This test checks if the IPv4 subnet can be selected based on the value of
// interface name option.
TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, 4o6subnetMatchByInterfaceName) {
    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 123));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 124));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 125));

    subnet2->get4o6().setIface4o6("eth7");

    cfg.add(subnet1);
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

    SubnetSelector selector;
    selector.dhcp4o6_ = true;
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth5";
    // We have mismatched interface names. Should not match.
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    EXPECT_FALSE(cfg.selectSubnet4o6(selector));
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    // This time we have correct names. Should match.
    selector.iface_name_ = "eth7";
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    EXPECT_EQ(subnet2, cfg.selectSubnet4o6(selector));
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}

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// This test check if IPv4 subnets can be unparsed in a predictable way,
TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, unparseSubnet) {
    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Add some subnets.
    Subnet4Ptr subnet1(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 123));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet2(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 124));
    Subnet4Ptr subnet3(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.128"), 26, 1, 2, 3, 125));
    subnet1->allowClientClass("foo");
    subnet2->setIface("lo");
    subnet2->setRelayInfo(IOAddress("10.0.0.1"));
    subnet3->setIface("eth1");

    cfg.add(subnet1);
    cfg.add(subnet2);
    cfg.add(subnet3);

    // Unparse
    std::string expected = "[\n"
        "{\n"
        "    \"id\": 123,\n"
        "    \"subnet\": \"192.0.2.0/26\",\n"
        "    \"relay\": { \"ip-address\": \"0.0.0.0\" },\n"
        "    \"interface\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"match-client-id\": true,\n"
        "    \"next-server\": \"0.0.0.0\",\n"
        "    \"renew-timer\": 1,\n"
        "    \"rebind-timer\": 2,\n"
        "    \"valid-lifetime\": 3,\n"
        "    \"client-class\": \"foo\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-interface\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-interface-id\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-subnet\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"reservation-mode\": \"all\",\n"
        "    \"option-data\": [ ],\n"
        "    \"pools\": [ ]\n"
        "},{\n"
        "    \"id\": 124,\n"
        "    \"subnet\": \"192.0.2.64/26\",\n"
        "    \"relay\": { \"ip-address\": \"10.0.0.1\" },\n"
        "    \"interface\": \"lo\",\n"
        "    \"match-client-id\": true,\n"
        "    \"next-server\": \"0.0.0.0\",\n"
        "    \"renew-timer\": 1,\n"
        "    \"rebind-timer\": 2,\n"
        "    \"valid-lifetime\": 3,\n"
        "    \"4o6-interface\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-interface-id\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-subnet\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"reservation-mode\": \"all\",\n"
        "    \"option-data\": [ ],\n"
        "    \"pools\": [ ]\n"
        "},{\n"
        "    \"id\": 125,\n"
        "    \"subnet\": \"192.0.2.128/26\",\n"
        "    \"relay\": { \"ip-address\": \"0.0.0.0\" },\n"
        "    \"interface\": \"eth1\",\n"
        "    \"match-client-id\": true,\n"
        "    \"next-server\": \"0.0.0.0\",\n"
        "    \"renew-timer\": 1,\n"
        "    \"rebind-timer\": 2,\n"
        "    \"valid-lifetime\": 3,\n"
        "    \"4o6-interface\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-interface-id\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-subnet\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"reservation-mode\": \"all\",\n"
        "    \"option-data\": [ ],\n"
        "    \"pools\": [ ]\n"
        "} ]\n";
    runToElementTest<CfgSubnets4>(expected, cfg);
}

// This test check if IPv4 pools can be unparsed in a predictable way,
TEST(CfgSubnets4Test, unparsePool) {
    CfgSubnets4 cfg;

    // Add a subnet with pools
    Subnet4Ptr subnet(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 24, 1, 2, 3, 123));
    Pool4Ptr pool1(new Pool4(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"), IOAddress("192.0.2.10")));
    Pool4Ptr pool2(new Pool4(IOAddress("192.0.2.64"), 26));

    subnet->addPool(pool1);
    subnet->addPool(pool2);
    cfg.add(subnet);
    
    // Unparse
    std::string expected = "[\n"
        "{\n"
        "    \"id\": 123,\n"
        "    \"subnet\": \"192.0.2.0/24\",\n"
        "    \"relay\": { \"ip-address\": \"0.0.0.0\" },\n"
        "    \"interface\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"match-client-id\": true,\n"
        "    \"next-server\": \"0.0.0.0\",\n"
        "    \"renew-timer\": 1,\n"
        "    \"rebind-timer\": 2,\n"
        "    \"valid-lifetime\": 3,\n"
        "    \"4o6-interface\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-interface-id\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"4o6-subnet\": \"\",\n"
        "    \"reservation-mode\": \"all\",\n"
        "    \"option-data\": [],\n"
        "    \"pools\": [\n"
        "        {\n"
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        "            \"option-data\": [ ],\n"
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        "            \"pool\": \"192.0.2.1-192.0.2.10\"\n"
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        "        },{\n"
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        "            \"option-data\": [ ],\n"
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        "            \"pool\": \"192.0.2.64/26\"\n"
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        "        }\n"
        "    ]\n"
        "} ]\n";
    runToElementTest<CfgSubnets4>(expected, cfg);
}
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} // end of anonymous namespace