basic_stream_socket.hpp 27.8 KB
Newer Older
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
//
// basic_stream_socket.hpp
// ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
//
// Copyright (c) 2003-2010 Christopher M. Kohlhoff (chris at kohlhoff dot com)
//
// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
// file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//

#ifndef ASIO_BASIC_STREAM_SOCKET_HPP
#define ASIO_BASIC_STREAM_SOCKET_HPP

#if defined(_MSC_VER) && (_MSC_VER >= 1200)
# pragma once
#endif // defined(_MSC_VER) && (_MSC_VER >= 1200)

#include "asio/detail/push_options.hpp"

#include "asio/detail/push_options.hpp"
#include <cstddef>
#include <boost/config.hpp>
#include "asio/detail/pop_options.hpp"

#include "asio/basic_socket.hpp"
#include "asio/error.hpp"
#include "asio/stream_socket_service.hpp"
#include "asio/detail/throw_error.hpp"

namespace asio {

/// Provides stream-oriented socket functionality.
/**
 * The basic_stream_socket class template provides asynchronous and blocking
 * stream-oriented socket functionality.
 *
 * @par Thread Safety
 * @e Distinct @e objects: Safe.@n
 * @e Shared @e objects: Unsafe.
 *
 * @par Concepts:
 * AsyncReadStream, AsyncWriteStream, Stream, SyncReadStream, SyncWriteStream.
 */
template <typename Protocol,
    typename StreamSocketService = stream_socket_service<Protocol> >
class basic_stream_socket
  : public basic_socket<Protocol, StreamSocketService>
{
public:
  /// The native representation of a socket.
  typedef typename StreamSocketService::native_type native_type;

  /// The protocol type.
  typedef Protocol protocol_type;

  /// The endpoint type.
  typedef typename Protocol::endpoint endpoint_type;

  /// Construct a basic_stream_socket without opening it.
  /**
   * This constructor creates a stream socket without opening it. The socket
   * needs to be opened and then connected or accepted before data can be sent
   * or received on it.
   *
   * @param io_service The io_service object that the stream socket will use to
   * dispatch handlers for any asynchronous operations performed on the socket.
   */
  explicit basic_stream_socket(asio::io_service& io_service)
    : basic_socket<Protocol, StreamSocketService>(io_service)
  {
  }

  /// Construct and open a basic_stream_socket.
  /**
   * This constructor creates and opens a stream socket. The socket needs to be
   * connected or accepted before data can be sent or received on it.
   *
   * @param io_service The io_service object that the stream socket will use to
   * dispatch handlers for any asynchronous operations performed on the socket.
   *
   * @param protocol An object specifying protocol parameters to be used.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure.
   */
  basic_stream_socket(asio::io_service& io_service,
      const protocol_type& protocol)
    : basic_socket<Protocol, StreamSocketService>(io_service, protocol)
  {
  }

  /// Construct a basic_stream_socket, opening it and binding it to the given
  /// local endpoint.
  /**
   * This constructor creates a stream socket and automatically opens it bound
   * to the specified endpoint on the local machine. The protocol used is the
   * protocol associated with the given endpoint.
   *
   * @param io_service The io_service object that the stream socket will use to
   * dispatch handlers for any asynchronous operations performed on the socket.
   *
   * @param endpoint An endpoint on the local machine to which the stream
   * socket will be bound.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure.
   */
  basic_stream_socket(asio::io_service& io_service,
      const endpoint_type& endpoint)
    : basic_socket<Protocol, StreamSocketService>(io_service, endpoint)
  {
  }

  /// Construct a basic_stream_socket on an existing native socket.
  /**
   * This constructor creates a stream socket object to hold an existing native
   * socket.
   *
   * @param io_service The io_service object that the stream socket will use to
   * dispatch handlers for any asynchronous operations performed on the socket.
   *
   * @param protocol An object specifying protocol parameters to be used.
   *
   * @param native_socket The new underlying socket implementation.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure.
   */
  basic_stream_socket(asio::io_service& io_service,
      const protocol_type& protocol, const native_type& native_socket)
    : basic_socket<Protocol, StreamSocketService>(
        io_service, protocol, native_socket)
  {
  }

  /// Send some data on the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to send data on the stream socket. The function
   * call will block until one or more bytes of the data has been sent
   * successfully, or an until error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more data buffers to be sent on the socket.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes sent.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure.
   *
   * @note The send operation may not transmit all of the data to the peer.
   * Consider using the @ref write function if you need to ensure that all data
   * is written before the blocking operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To send a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as follows:
   * @code
   * socket.send(asio::buffer(data, size));
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on sending multiple
   * buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename ConstBufferSequence>
  std::size_t send(const ConstBufferSequence& buffers)
  {
    asio::error_code ec;
    std::size_t s = this->service.send(
        this->implementation, buffers, 0, ec);
    asio::detail::throw_error(ec);
    return s;
  }

  /// Send some data on the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to send data on the stream socket. The function
   * call will block until one or more bytes of the data has been sent
   * successfully, or an until error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more data buffers to be sent on the socket.
   *
   * @param flags Flags specifying how the send call is to be made.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes sent.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure.
   *
   * @note The send operation may not transmit all of the data to the peer.
   * Consider using the @ref write function if you need to ensure that all data
   * is written before the blocking operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To send a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as follows:
   * @code
   * socket.send(asio::buffer(data, size), 0);
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on sending multiple
   * buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename ConstBufferSequence>
  std::size_t send(const ConstBufferSequence& buffers,
      socket_base::message_flags flags)
  {
    asio::error_code ec;
    std::size_t s = this->service.send(
        this->implementation, buffers, flags, ec);
    asio::detail::throw_error(ec);
    return s;
  }

  /// Send some data on the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to send data on the stream socket. The function
   * call will block until one or more bytes of the data has been sent
   * successfully, or an until error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more data buffers to be sent on the socket.
   *
   * @param flags Flags specifying how the send call is to be made.
   *
   * @param ec Set to indicate what error occurred, if any.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes sent. Returns 0 if an error occurred.
   *
   * @note The send operation may not transmit all of the data to the peer.
   * Consider using the @ref write function if you need to ensure that all data
   * is written before the blocking operation completes.
   */
  template <typename ConstBufferSequence>
  std::size_t send(const ConstBufferSequence& buffers,
      socket_base::message_flags flags, asio::error_code& ec)
  {
    return this->service.send(this->implementation, buffers, flags, ec);
  }

  /// Start an asynchronous send.
  /**
   * This function is used to asynchronously send data on the stream socket.
   * The function call always returns immediately.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more data buffers to be sent on the socket. Although
   * the buffers object may be copied as necessary, ownership of the underlying
   * memory blocks is retained by the caller, which must guarantee that they
   * remain valid until the handler is called.
   *
   * @param handler The handler to be called when the send operation completes.
   * Copies will be made of the handler as required. The function signature of
   * the handler must be:
   * @code void handler(
   *   const asio::error_code& error, // Result of operation.
   *   std::size_t bytes_transferred           // Number of bytes sent.
   * ); @endcode
   * Regardless of whether the asynchronous operation completes immediately or
   * not, the handler will not be invoked from within this function. Invocation
   * of the handler will be performed in a manner equivalent to using
   * asio::io_service::post().
   *
   * @note The send operation may not transmit all of the data to the peer.
   * Consider using the @ref async_write function if you need to ensure that all
   * data is written before the asynchronous operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To send a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as follows:
   * @code
   * socket.async_send(asio::buffer(data, size), handler);
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on sending multiple
   * buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename ConstBufferSequence, typename WriteHandler>
  void async_send(const ConstBufferSequence& buffers, WriteHandler handler)
  {
    this->service.async_send(this->implementation, buffers, 0, handler);
  }

  /// Start an asynchronous send.
  /**
   * This function is used to asynchronously send data on the stream socket.
   * The function call always returns immediately.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more data buffers to be sent on the socket. Although
   * the buffers object may be copied as necessary, ownership of the underlying
   * memory blocks is retained by the caller, which must guarantee that they
   * remain valid until the handler is called.
   *
   * @param flags Flags specifying how the send call is to be made.
   *
   * @param handler The handler to be called when the send operation completes.
   * Copies will be made of the handler as required. The function signature of
   * the handler must be:
   * @code void handler(
   *   const asio::error_code& error, // Result of operation.
   *   std::size_t bytes_transferred           // Number of bytes sent.
   * ); @endcode
   * Regardless of whether the asynchronous operation completes immediately or
   * not, the handler will not be invoked from within this function. Invocation
   * of the handler will be performed in a manner equivalent to using
   * asio::io_service::post().
   *
   * @note The send operation may not transmit all of the data to the peer.
   * Consider using the @ref async_write function if you need to ensure that all
   * data is written before the asynchronous operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To send a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as follows:
   * @code
   * socket.async_send(asio::buffer(data, size), 0, handler);
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on sending multiple
   * buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename ConstBufferSequence, typename WriteHandler>
  void async_send(const ConstBufferSequence& buffers,
      socket_base::message_flags flags, WriteHandler handler)
  {
    this->service.async_send(this->implementation, buffers, flags, handler);
  }

  /// Receive some data on the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to receive data on the stream socket. The function
   * call will block until one or more bytes of data has been received
   * successfully, or until an error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more buffers into which the data will be received.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes received.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure. An error code of
   * asio::error::eof indicates that the connection was closed by the
   * peer.
   *
   * @note The receive operation may not receive all of the requested number of
   * bytes. Consider using the @ref read function if you need to ensure that the
   * requested amount of data is read before the blocking operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To receive into a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as
   * follows:
   * @code
   * socket.receive(asio::buffer(data, size));
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on receiving into
   * multiple buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename MutableBufferSequence>
  std::size_t receive(const MutableBufferSequence& buffers)
  {
    asio::error_code ec;
    std::size_t s = this->service.receive(this->implementation, buffers, 0, ec);
    asio::detail::throw_error(ec);
    return s;
  }

  /// Receive some data on the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to receive data on the stream socket. The function
   * call will block until one or more bytes of data has been received
   * successfully, or until an error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more buffers into which the data will be received.
   *
   * @param flags Flags specifying how the receive call is to be made.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes received.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure. An error code of
   * asio::error::eof indicates that the connection was closed by the
   * peer.
   *
   * @note The receive operation may not receive all of the requested number of
   * bytes. Consider using the @ref read function if you need to ensure that the
   * requested amount of data is read before the blocking operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To receive into a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as
   * follows:
   * @code
   * socket.receive(asio::buffer(data, size), 0);
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on receiving into
   * multiple buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename MutableBufferSequence>
  std::size_t receive(const MutableBufferSequence& buffers,
      socket_base::message_flags flags)
  {
    asio::error_code ec;
    std::size_t s = this->service.receive(
        this->implementation, buffers, flags, ec);
    asio::detail::throw_error(ec);
    return s;
  }

  /// Receive some data on a connected socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to receive data on the stream socket. The function
   * call will block until one or more bytes of data has been received
   * successfully, or until an error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more buffers into which the data will be received.
   *
   * @param flags Flags specifying how the receive call is to be made.
   *
   * @param ec Set to indicate what error occurred, if any.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes received. Returns 0 if an error occurred.
   *
   * @note The receive operation may not receive all of the requested number of
   * bytes. Consider using the @ref read function if you need to ensure that the
   * requested amount of data is read before the blocking operation completes.
   */
  template <typename MutableBufferSequence>
  std::size_t receive(const MutableBufferSequence& buffers,
      socket_base::message_flags flags, asio::error_code& ec)
  {
    return this->service.receive(this->implementation, buffers, flags, ec);
  }

  /// Start an asynchronous receive.
  /**
   * This function is used to asynchronously receive data from the stream
   * socket. The function call always returns immediately.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more buffers into which the data will be received.
   * Although the buffers object may be copied as necessary, ownership of the
   * underlying memory blocks is retained by the caller, which must guarantee
   * that they remain valid until the handler is called.
   *
   * @param handler The handler to be called when the receive operation
   * completes. Copies will be made of the handler as required. The function
   * signature of the handler must be:
   * @code void handler(
   *   const asio::error_code& error, // Result of operation.
   *   std::size_t bytes_transferred           // Number of bytes received.
   * ); @endcode
   * Regardless of whether the asynchronous operation completes immediately or
   * not, the handler will not be invoked from within this function. Invocation
   * of the handler will be performed in a manner equivalent to using
   * asio::io_service::post().
   *
   * @note The receive operation may not receive all of the requested number of
   * bytes. Consider using the @ref async_read function if you need to ensure
   * that the requested amount of data is received before the asynchronous
   * operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To receive into a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as
   * follows:
   * @code
   * socket.async_receive(asio::buffer(data, size), handler);
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on receiving into
   * multiple buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename MutableBufferSequence, typename ReadHandler>
  void async_receive(const MutableBufferSequence& buffers, ReadHandler handler)
  {
    this->service.async_receive(this->implementation, buffers, 0, handler);
  }

  /// Start an asynchronous receive.
  /**
   * This function is used to asynchronously receive data from the stream
   * socket. The function call always returns immediately.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more buffers into which the data will be received.
   * Although the buffers object may be copied as necessary, ownership of the
   * underlying memory blocks is retained by the caller, which must guarantee
   * that they remain valid until the handler is called.
   *
   * @param flags Flags specifying how the receive call is to be made.
   *
   * @param handler The handler to be called when the receive operation
   * completes. Copies will be made of the handler as required. The function
   * signature of the handler must be:
   * @code void handler(
   *   const asio::error_code& error, // Result of operation.
   *   std::size_t bytes_transferred           // Number of bytes received.
   * ); @endcode
   * Regardless of whether the asynchronous operation completes immediately or
   * not, the handler will not be invoked from within this function. Invocation
   * of the handler will be performed in a manner equivalent to using
   * asio::io_service::post().
   *
   * @note The receive operation may not receive all of the requested number of
   * bytes. Consider using the @ref async_read function if you need to ensure
   * that the requested amount of data is received before the asynchronous
   * operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To receive into a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as
   * follows:
   * @code
   * socket.async_receive(asio::buffer(data, size), 0, handler);
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on receiving into
   * multiple buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename MutableBufferSequence, typename ReadHandler>
  void async_receive(const MutableBufferSequence& buffers,
      socket_base::message_flags flags, ReadHandler handler)
  {
    this->service.async_receive(this->implementation, buffers, flags, handler);
  }

  /// Write some data to the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to write data to the stream socket. The function call
   * will block until one or more bytes of the data has been written
   * successfully, or until an error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more data buffers to be written to the socket.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes written.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure. An error code of
   * asio::error::eof indicates that the connection was closed by the
   * peer.
   *
   * @note The write_some operation may not transmit all of the data to the
   * peer. Consider using the @ref write function if you need to ensure that
   * all data is written before the blocking operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To write a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as follows:
   * @code
   * socket.write_some(asio::buffer(data, size));
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on writing multiple
   * buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename ConstBufferSequence>
  std::size_t write_some(const ConstBufferSequence& buffers)
  {
    asio::error_code ec;
    std::size_t s = this->service.send(this->implementation, buffers, 0, ec);
    asio::detail::throw_error(ec);
    return s;
  }

  /// Write some data to the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to write data to the stream socket. The function call
   * will block until one or more bytes of the data has been written
   * successfully, or until an error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more data buffers to be written to the socket.
   *
   * @param ec Set to indicate what error occurred, if any.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes written. Returns 0 if an error occurred.
   *
   * @note The write_some operation may not transmit all of the data to the
   * peer. Consider using the @ref write function if you need to ensure that
   * all data is written before the blocking operation completes.
   */
  template <typename ConstBufferSequence>
  std::size_t write_some(const ConstBufferSequence& buffers,
      asio::error_code& ec)
  {
    return this->service.send(this->implementation, buffers, 0, ec);
  }

  /// Start an asynchronous write.
  /**
   * This function is used to asynchronously write data to the stream socket.
   * The function call always returns immediately.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more data buffers to be written to the socket.
   * Although the buffers object may be copied as necessary, ownership of the
   * underlying memory blocks is retained by the caller, which must guarantee
   * that they remain valid until the handler is called.
   *
   * @param handler The handler to be called when the write operation completes.
   * Copies will be made of the handler as required. The function signature of
   * the handler must be:
   * @code void handler(
   *   const asio::error_code& error, // Result of operation.
   *   std::size_t bytes_transferred           // Number of bytes written.
   * ); @endcode
   * Regardless of whether the asynchronous operation completes immediately or
   * not, the handler will not be invoked from within this function. Invocation
   * of the handler will be performed in a manner equivalent to using
   * asio::io_service::post().
   *
   * @note The write operation may not transmit all of the data to the peer.
   * Consider using the @ref async_write function if you need to ensure that all
   * data is written before the asynchronous operation completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To write a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as follows:
   * @code
   * socket.async_write_some(asio::buffer(data, size), handler);
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on writing multiple
   * buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename ConstBufferSequence, typename WriteHandler>
  void async_write_some(const ConstBufferSequence& buffers,
      WriteHandler handler)
  {
    this->service.async_send(this->implementation, buffers, 0, handler);
  }

  /// Read some data from the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to read data from the stream socket. The function
   * call will block until one or more bytes of data has been read successfully,
   * or until an error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more buffers into which the data will be read.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes read.
   *
   * @throws asio::system_error Thrown on failure. An error code of
   * asio::error::eof indicates that the connection was closed by the
   * peer.
   *
   * @note The read_some operation may not read all of the requested number of
   * bytes. Consider using the @ref read function if you need to ensure that
   * the requested amount of data is read before the blocking operation
   * completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To read into a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as follows:
   * @code
   * socket.read_some(asio::buffer(data, size));
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on reading into multiple
   * buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename MutableBufferSequence>
  std::size_t read_some(const MutableBufferSequence& buffers)
  {
    asio::error_code ec;
    std::size_t s = this->service.receive(this->implementation, buffers, 0, ec);
    asio::detail::throw_error(ec);
    return s;
  }

  /// Read some data from the socket.
  /**
   * This function is used to read data from the stream socket. The function
   * call will block until one or more bytes of data has been read successfully,
   * or until an error occurs.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more buffers into which the data will be read.
   *
   * @param ec Set to indicate what error occurred, if any.
   *
   * @returns The number of bytes read. Returns 0 if an error occurred.
   *
   * @note The read_some operation may not read all of the requested number of
   * bytes. Consider using the @ref read function if you need to ensure that
   * the requested amount of data is read before the blocking operation
   * completes.
   */
  template <typename MutableBufferSequence>
  std::size_t read_some(const MutableBufferSequence& buffers,
      asio::error_code& ec)
  {
    return this->service.receive(this->implementation, buffers, 0, ec);
  }

  /// Start an asynchronous read.
  /**
   * This function is used to asynchronously read data from the stream socket.
   * The function call always returns immediately.
   *
   * @param buffers One or more buffers into which the data will be read.
   * Although the buffers object may be copied as necessary, ownership of the
   * underlying memory blocks is retained by the caller, which must guarantee
   * that they remain valid until the handler is called.
   *
   * @param handler The handler to be called when the read operation completes.
   * Copies will be made of the handler as required. The function signature of
   * the handler must be:
   * @code void handler(
   *   const asio::error_code& error, // Result of operation.
   *   std::size_t bytes_transferred           // Number of bytes read.
   * ); @endcode
   * Regardless of whether the asynchronous operation completes immediately or
   * not, the handler will not be invoked from within this function. Invocation
   * of the handler will be performed in a manner equivalent to using
   * asio::io_service::post().
   *
   * @note The read operation may not read all of the requested number of bytes.
   * Consider using the @ref async_read function if you need to ensure that the
   * requested amount of data is read before the asynchronous operation
   * completes.
   *
   * @par Example
   * To read into a single data buffer use the @ref buffer function as follows:
   * @code
   * socket.async_read_some(asio::buffer(data, size), handler);
   * @endcode
   * See the @ref buffer documentation for information on reading into multiple
   * buffers in one go, and how to use it with arrays, boost::array or
   * std::vector.
   */
  template <typename MutableBufferSequence, typename ReadHandler>
  void async_read_some(const MutableBufferSequence& buffers,
      ReadHandler handler)
  {
    this->service.async_receive(this->implementation, buffers, 0, handler);
  }
};

} // namespace asio

#include "asio/detail/pop_options.hpp"

#endif // ASIO_BASIC_STREAM_SOCKET_HPP