dhcp4_srv_unittest.cc 56.5 KB
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// Copyright (C) 2011-2013  Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
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//
// Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
// purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
// copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
// REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
// AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
// INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
// LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
// OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
// PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

#include <config.h>
#include <sstream>

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#include <asiolink/io_address.h>
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#include <dhcp/dhcp4.h>
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#include <dhcp/iface_mgr.h>
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#include <dhcp/option.h>
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#include <dhcp/option4_addrlst.h>
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#include <dhcp/option_custom.h>
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#include <dhcp/option_int_array.h>
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#include <dhcp/pkt_filter.h>
#include <dhcp/pkt_filter_inet.h>
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#include <dhcp4/dhcp4_srv.h>
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#include <dhcp4/dhcp4_log.h>
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#include <dhcpsrv/cfgmgr.h>
#include <dhcpsrv/lease_mgr.h>
#include <dhcpsrv/lease_mgr_factory.h>
#include <dhcpsrv/utils.h>
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#include <gtest/gtest.h>

#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>

#include <arpa/inet.h>
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using namespace std;
using namespace isc;
using namespace isc::dhcp;
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using namespace isc::asiolink;
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namespace {

class NakedDhcpv4Srv: public Dhcpv4Srv {
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    // "Naked" DHCPv4 server, exposes internal fields
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public:
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    /// @brief Constructor.
    ///
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    /// This constructor disables default modes of operation used by the
    /// Dhcpv4Srv class:
    /// - Send/receive broadcast messages through sockets on interfaces
    /// which support broadcast traffic.
    /// - Direct DHCPv4 traffic - communication with clients which do not
    /// have IP address assigned yet.
    ///
    /// Enabling these modes requires root privilges so they must be
    /// disabled for unit testing.
    ///
    /// Note, that disabling broadcast options on sockets does not impact
    /// the operation of these tests because they use local loopback
    /// interface which doesn't have broadcast capability anyway. It rather
    /// prevents setting broadcast options on other (broadcast capable)
    /// sockets which are opened on other interfaces in Dhcpv4Srv constructor.
    ///
    /// The Direct DHCPv4 Traffic capability can be disabled here because
    /// it is tested with PktFilterLPFTest unittest. The tests which belong
    /// to PktFilterLPFTest can be enabled on demand when root privileges can
    /// be guaranteed.
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    NakedDhcpv4Srv(uint16_t port = 0)
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        : Dhcpv4Srv(port, "type=memfile", false, false) {
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    }
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    using Dhcpv4Srv::adjustRemoteAddr;
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    using Dhcpv4Srv::processDiscover;
    using Dhcpv4Srv::processRequest;
    using Dhcpv4Srv::processRelease;
    using Dhcpv4Srv::processDecline;
    using Dhcpv4Srv::processInform;
    using Dhcpv4Srv::getServerID;
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    using Dhcpv4Srv::loadServerID;
    using Dhcpv4Srv::generateServerID;
    using Dhcpv4Srv::writeServerID;
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    using Dhcpv4Srv::sanityCheck;
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    using Dhcpv4Srv::srvidToString;
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};

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static const char* SRVID_FILE = "server-id-test.txt";

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/// @brief Dummy Packet Filtering class.
///
/// This class reports capability to respond directly to the
/// client which doesn't have address configured yet.
///
/// All packet and socket handling functions do nothing because
/// they are not used in unit tests.
class PktFilterTest : public PktFilter {
public:

    /// @brief Reports 'direct response' capability.
    ///
    /// @return always true.
    virtual bool isDirectResponseSupported() const {
        return (true);
    }

    /// Does nothing.
    virtual int openSocket(const Iface&, const IOAddress&, const uint16_t,
                           const bool, const bool) {
        return (0);
    }

    /// Does nothing.
    virtual Pkt4Ptr receive(const Iface&, const SocketInfo&) {
        return Pkt4Ptr();
    }

    /// Does nothing.
    virtual int send(const Iface&, uint16_t, const Pkt4Ptr&) {
        return (0);
    }

};

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class Dhcpv4SrvTest : public ::testing::Test {
public:
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    /// @brief Constructor
    ///
    /// Initializes common objects used in many tests.
    /// Also sets up initial configuration in CfgMgr.
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    Dhcpv4SrvTest() {
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        subnet_ = Subnet4Ptr(new Subnet4(IOAddress("192.0.2.0"), 24, 1000,
                                         2000, 3000));
        pool_ = Pool4Ptr(new Pool4(IOAddress("192.0.2.100"), IOAddress("192.0.2.110")));
        subnet_->addPool(pool_);

        CfgMgr::instance().deleteSubnets4();
        CfgMgr::instance().addSubnet4(subnet_);
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        // Add Router option.
        Option4AddrLstPtr opt_routers(new Option4AddrLst(DHO_ROUTERS));
        opt_routers->setAddress(IOAddress("192.0.2.2"));
        subnet_->addOption(opt_routers, false, "dhcp4");
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        // it's ok if that fails. There should not be such a file anyway
        unlink(SRVID_FILE);
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    }
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    /// @brief Add 'Parameter Request List' option to the packet.
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    ///
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    /// This function PRL option comprising the following option codes:
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    /// - 5 - Name Server
    /// - 15 - Domain Name
    /// - 7 - Log Server
    /// - 8 - Quotes Server
    /// - 9 - LPR Server
    ///
    /// @param pkt packet to add PRL option to.
    void addPrlOption(Pkt4Ptr& pkt) {

        OptionUint8ArrayPtr option_prl =
            OptionUint8ArrayPtr(new OptionUint8Array(Option::V4,
                                                     DHO_DHCP_PARAMETER_REQUEST_LIST));

        // Let's request options that have been configured for the subnet.
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        option_prl->addValue(DHO_DOMAIN_NAME_SERVERS);
        option_prl->addValue(DHO_DOMAIN_NAME);
        option_prl->addValue(DHO_LOG_SERVERS);
        option_prl->addValue(DHO_COOKIE_SERVERS);
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        // Let's also request the option that hasn't been configured. In such
        // case server should ignore request for this particular option.
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        option_prl->addValue(DHO_LPR_SERVERS);
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        // And add 'Parameter Request List' option into the DISCOVER packet.
        pkt->addOption(option_prl);
    }

    /// @brief Configures options being requested in the PRL option.
    ///
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    /// The lpr-servers option is NOT configured here although it is
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    /// added to the 'Parameter Request List' option in the
    /// \ref addPrlOption. When requested option is not configured
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    /// the server should not return it in its response. The goal
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    /// of not configuring the requested option is to verify that
    /// the server will not return it.
    void configureRequestedOptions() {
        // dns-servers
        Option4AddrLstPtr
            option_dns_servers(new Option4AddrLst(DHO_DOMAIN_NAME_SERVERS));
        option_dns_servers->addAddress(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"));
        option_dns_servers->addAddress(IOAddress("192.0.2.100"));
        ASSERT_NO_THROW(subnet_->addOption(option_dns_servers, false, "dhcp4"));

        // domain-name
        OptionDefinition def("domain-name", DHO_DOMAIN_NAME, OPT_FQDN_TYPE);
        boost::shared_ptr<OptionCustom>
            option_domain_name(new OptionCustom(def, Option::V4));
        option_domain_name->writeFqdn("example.com");
        subnet_->addOption(option_domain_name, false, "dhcp4");

        // log-servers
        Option4AddrLstPtr option_log_servers(new Option4AddrLst(DHO_LOG_SERVERS));
        option_log_servers->addAddress(IOAddress("192.0.2.2"));
        option_log_servers->addAddress(IOAddress("192.0.2.10"));
        ASSERT_NO_THROW(subnet_->addOption(option_log_servers, false, "dhcp4"));

        // cookie-servers
        Option4AddrLstPtr option_cookie_servers(new Option4AddrLst(DHO_COOKIE_SERVERS));
        option_cookie_servers->addAddress(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"));
        ASSERT_NO_THROW(subnet_->addOption(option_cookie_servers, false, "dhcp4"));
    }

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    /// @brief checks that the response matches request
    /// @param q query (client's message)
    /// @param a answer (server's message)
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    void messageCheck(const boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4>& q,
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                      const boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4>& a) {
        ASSERT_TRUE(q);
        ASSERT_TRUE(a);

        EXPECT_EQ(q->getHops(),   a->getHops());
        EXPECT_EQ(q->getIface(),  a->getIface());
        EXPECT_EQ(q->getIndex(),  a->getIndex());
        EXPECT_EQ(q->getGiaddr(), a->getGiaddr());
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        // When processing an incoming packet the remote address
        // is copied as a src address, and the source address is
        // copied as a remote address to the response.
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        EXPECT_TRUE(q->getLocalHWAddr() == a->getLocalHWAddr());
        EXPECT_TRUE(q->getRemoteHWAddr() == a->getRemoteHWAddr());
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        // Check that bare minimum of required options are there.
        // We don't check options requested by a client. Those
        // are checked elsewhere.
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        EXPECT_TRUE(a->getOption(DHO_SUBNET_MASK));
        EXPECT_TRUE(a->getOption(DHO_ROUTERS));
        EXPECT_TRUE(a->getOption(DHO_DHCP_SERVER_IDENTIFIER));
        EXPECT_TRUE(a->getOption(DHO_DHCP_LEASE_TIME));
        EXPECT_TRUE(a->getOption(DHO_SUBNET_MASK));
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        EXPECT_TRUE(a->getOption(DHO_DOMAIN_NAME));
        EXPECT_TRUE(a->getOption(DHO_DOMAIN_NAME_SERVERS));
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        // Check that something is offered
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        EXPECT_TRUE(a->getYiaddr().toText() != "0.0.0.0");
    }

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    /// @brief Check that requested options are present.
    ///
    /// @param pkt packet to be checked.
    void optionsCheck(const Pkt4Ptr& pkt) {
        // Check that the requested and configured options are returned
        // in the ACK message.
        EXPECT_TRUE(pkt->getOption(DHO_DOMAIN_NAME))
            << "domain-name not present in the response";
        EXPECT_TRUE(pkt->getOption(DHO_DOMAIN_NAME_SERVERS))
            << "dns-servers not present in the response";
        EXPECT_TRUE(pkt->getOption(DHO_LOG_SERVERS))
            << "log-servers not present in the response";
        EXPECT_TRUE(pkt->getOption(DHO_COOKIE_SERVERS))
            << "cookie-servers not present in the response";
        // Check that the requested but not configured options are not
        // returned in the ACK message.
        EXPECT_FALSE(pkt->getOption(DHO_LPR_SERVERS))
            << "domain-name present in the response but it is"
            << " expected not to be present";
    }

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    /// @brief generates client-id option
    ///
    /// Generate client-id option of specified length
    /// Ids with different lengths are sufficent to generate
    /// unique ids. If more fine grained control is required,
    /// tests generate client-ids on their own.
    /// Sets client_id_ field.
    /// @param size size of the client-id to be generated
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    OptionPtr generateClientId(size_t size = 4) {

        OptionBuffer clnt_id(size);
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
            clnt_id[i] = 100 + i;
        }

        client_id_ = ClientIdPtr(new ClientId(clnt_id));

        return (OptionPtr(new Option(Option::V4, DHO_DHCP_CLIENT_IDENTIFIER,
                                     clnt_id.begin(),
                                     clnt_id.begin() + size)));
    }

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    /// @brief generate hardware address
    ///
    /// @param size size of the generated MAC address
    /// @param pointer to Hardware Address object
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    HWAddrPtr generateHWAddr(size_t size = 6) {
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        const uint8_t hw_type = 123; // Just a fake number (typically 6=HTYPE_ETHER, see dhcp4.h)
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        OptionBuffer mac(size);
        for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i) {
            mac[i] = 50 + i;
        }
        return (HWAddrPtr(new HWAddr(mac, hw_type)));
    }

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    /// Check that address was returned from proper range, that its lease
    /// lifetime is correct, that T1 and T2 are returned properly
    /// @param rsp response to be checked
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    /// @param subnet subnet that should be used to verify assigned address
    ///        and options
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    /// @param t1_mandatory is T1 mandatory?
    /// @param t2_mandatory is T2 mandatory?
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    void checkAddressParams(const Pkt4Ptr& rsp, const SubnetPtr subnet,
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                            bool t1_mandatory = false,
                            bool t2_mandatory = false) {
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        // Technically inPool implies inRange, but let's be on the safe
        // side and check both.
        EXPECT_TRUE(subnet->inRange(rsp->getYiaddr()));
        EXPECT_TRUE(subnet->inPool(rsp->getYiaddr()));

        // Check lease time
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        OptionPtr opt = rsp->getOption(DHO_DHCP_LEASE_TIME);
        if (!opt) {
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            ADD_FAILURE() << "Lease time option missing in response";
        } else {
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            EXPECT_EQ(opt->getUint32(), subnet->getValid());
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        }

        // Check T1 timer
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        opt = rsp->getOption(DHO_DHCP_RENEWAL_TIME);
        if (opt) {
            EXPECT_EQ(opt->getUint32(), subnet->getT1());
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        } else {
            if (t1_mandatory) {
                ADD_FAILURE() << "Required T1 option missing";
            }
        }

        // Check T2 timer
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        opt = rsp->getOption(DHO_DHCP_REBINDING_TIME);
        if (opt) {
            EXPECT_EQ(opt->getUint32(), subnet->getT2());
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        } else {
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            if (t2_mandatory) {
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                ADD_FAILURE() << "Required T2 option missing";
            }
        }
    }

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    /// @brief Basic checks for generated response (message type and trans-id).
    ///
    /// @param rsp response packet to be validated
    /// @param expected_message_type expected message type
    /// @param expected_transid expected transaction-id
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    void checkResponse(const Pkt4Ptr& rsp, uint8_t expected_message_type,
                       uint32_t expected_transid) {
        ASSERT_TRUE(rsp);
        EXPECT_EQ(expected_message_type, rsp->getType());
        EXPECT_EQ(expected_transid, rsp->getTransid());
    }

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    /// @brief Checks if the lease sent to client is present in the database
    ///
    /// @param rsp response packet to be validated
    /// @param client_id expected client-identifier (or NULL)
    /// @param HWAddr expected hardware address (not used now)
    /// @param expected_addr expected address
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    Lease4Ptr checkLease(const Pkt4Ptr& rsp, const OptionPtr& client_id,
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                         const HWAddrPtr&, const IOAddress& expected_addr) {
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        ClientIdPtr id;
        if (client_id) {
            OptionBuffer data = client_id->getData();
            id.reset(new ClientId(data));
        }

        Lease4Ptr lease = LeaseMgrFactory::instance().getLease4(expected_addr);
        if (!lease) {
            cout << "Lease for " << expected_addr.toText()
                 << " not found in the database backend.";
            return (Lease4Ptr());
        }

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        EXPECT_EQ(rsp->getYiaddr().toText(), expected_addr.toText());

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        EXPECT_EQ(expected_addr.toText(), lease->addr_.toText());
        if (client_id) {
            EXPECT_TRUE(*lease->client_id_ == *id);
        }
        EXPECT_EQ(subnet_->getID(), lease->subnet_id_);

        return (lease);
    }

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    /// @brief Checks if server response (OFFER, ACK, NAK) includes proper server-id
    /// @param rsp response packet to be validated
    /// @param expected_srvid expected value of server-id
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    void checkServerId(const Pkt4Ptr& rsp, const OptionPtr& expected_srvid) {
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        // Check that server included its server-id
        OptionPtr opt = rsp->getOption(DHO_DHCP_SERVER_IDENTIFIER);
        ASSERT_TRUE(opt);
        EXPECT_EQ(opt->getType(), expected_srvid->getType() );
        EXPECT_EQ(opt->len(), expected_srvid->len() );
        EXPECT_TRUE(opt->getData() == expected_srvid->getData());
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    }

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    /// @brief Checks if server response (OFFER, ACK, NAK) includes proper client-id
    /// @param rsp response packet to be validated
    /// @param expected_clientid expected value of client-id
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    void checkClientId(const Pkt4Ptr& rsp, const OptionPtr& expected_clientid) {
        // check that server included our own client-id
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        OptionPtr opt = rsp->getOption(DHO_DHCP_CLIENT_IDENTIFIER);
        ASSERT_TRUE(opt);
        EXPECT_EQ(expected_clientid->getType(), opt->getType());
        EXPECT_EQ(expected_clientid->len(), opt->len());
        EXPECT_TRUE(expected_clientid->getData() == opt->getData());
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    }

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    /// @brief Tests if Discover or Request message is processed correctly
    ///
    /// @param msg_type DHCPDISCOVER or DHCPREQUEST
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    void testDiscoverRequest(const uint8_t msg_type) {
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        // Create an instance of the tested class.
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        boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0));
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        // Initialize the source HW address.
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        vector<uint8_t> mac(6);
        for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
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            mac[i] = i * 10;
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        }
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        // Initialized the destination HW address.
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        vector<uint8_t> dst_mac(6);
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        for (int i = 0; i < 6; ++i) {
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            dst_mac[i] = i * 20;
        }
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        // Create a DHCP message. It will be used to simulate the
        // incoming message.
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        boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> req(new Pkt4(msg_type, 1234));
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        // Create a response message. It will hold a reponse packet.
        // Initially, set it to NULL.
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        boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> rsp;
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        // Set the name of the interface on which packet is received.
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        req->setIface("eth0");
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        // Set the interface index. It is just a dummy value and will
        // not be interprented.
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        req->setIndex(17);
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        // Set the target HW address. This value is normally used to
        // construct the data link layer header.
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        req->setRemoteHWAddr(1, 6, dst_mac);
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        // Set the HW address. This value is set on DHCP level (in chaddr).
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        req->setHWAddr(1, 6, mac);
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        // Set local HW address. It is used to construct the data link layer
        // header.
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        req->setLocalHWAddr(1, 6, mac);
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        // Set target IP address.
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        req->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.55"));
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        // Set relay address.
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        req->setGiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.10"));
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        // We are going to test that certain options are returned
        // in the response message when requested using 'Parameter
        // Request List' option. Let's configure those options that
        // are returned when requested.
        configureRequestedOptions();

        if (msg_type == DHCPDISCOVER) {
            ASSERT_NO_THROW(
                rsp = srv->processDiscover(req);
            );

            // Should return OFFER
            ASSERT_TRUE(rsp);
            EXPECT_EQ(DHCPOFFER, rsp->getType());

        } else {
            ASSERT_NO_THROW(
                rsp = srv->processRequest(req);
            );

            // Should return ACK
            ASSERT_TRUE(rsp);
            EXPECT_EQ(DHCPACK, rsp->getType());

        }

        messageCheck(req, rsp);

        // We did not request any options so these should not be present
        // in the RSP.
        EXPECT_FALSE(rsp->getOption(DHO_LOG_SERVERS));
        EXPECT_FALSE(rsp->getOption(DHO_COOKIE_SERVERS));
        EXPECT_FALSE(rsp->getOption(DHO_LPR_SERVERS));

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        // Repeat the test but request some options.
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        // Add 'Parameter Request List' option.
        addPrlOption(req);

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        if (msg_type == DHCPDISCOVER) {
            ASSERT_NO_THROW(
                rsp = srv->processDiscover(req);
            );
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            // Should return non-NULL packet.
            ASSERT_TRUE(rsp);
            EXPECT_EQ(DHCPOFFER, rsp->getType());
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        } else {
            ASSERT_NO_THROW(
                rsp = srv->processRequest(req);
            );

            // Should return non-NULL packet.
            ASSERT_TRUE(rsp);
            EXPECT_EQ(DHCPACK, rsp->getType());

        }
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        // Check that the requested options are returned.
        optionsCheck(rsp);
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    }

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    ~Dhcpv4SrvTest() {
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        CfgMgr::instance().deleteSubnets4();
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        // Let's clean up if there is such a file.
        unlink(SRVID_FILE);
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    };
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    /// @brief A subnet used in most tests
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    Subnet4Ptr subnet_;

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    /// @brief A pool used in most tests
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    Pool4Ptr pool_;

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    /// @brief A client-id used in most tests
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    ClientIdPtr client_id_;
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};

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// Sanity check. Verifies that both Dhcpv4Srv and its derived
// class NakedDhcpv4Srv can be instantiated and destroyed.
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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, basic) {

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    // Check that the base class can be instantiated
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    Dhcpv4Srv* srv = NULL;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW({
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        srv = new Dhcpv4Srv(DHCP4_SERVER_PORT + 10000);
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    });
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    delete srv;

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    // Check that the derived class can be instantiated
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    NakedDhcpv4Srv* naked_srv = NULL;
    ASSERT_NO_THROW({
        naked_srv = new NakedDhcpv4Srv(DHCP4_SERVER_PORT + 10000);
    });
    EXPECT_TRUE(naked_srv->getServerID());
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    delete naked_srv;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW({
        naked_srv = new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0);
    });
    EXPECT_TRUE(naked_srv->getServerID());
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    delete naked_srv;
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}

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// This test verifies that the destination address of the response
// message is set to giaddr, when giaddr is set to non-zero address
// in the received message.
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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, adjustRemoteAddressRelay) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0));

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    // Create the instance of the incoming packet.
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    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> req(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));
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    // Set the giaddr to non-zero address as if it was relayed.
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    req->setGiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"));
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    // Set ciaddr to zero. This simulates the client which applies
    // for the new lease.
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    req->setCiaddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));
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    // Clear broadcast flag.
    req->setFlags(0x0000);

    // Create a response packet. Assume that the new lease have
    // been created and new address allocated. This address is
    // stored in yiaddr field.
    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> resp(new Pkt4(DHCPOFFER, 1234));
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    resp->setYiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.100"));
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    // Clear the remote address.
    resp->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));
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    // This function never throws.
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv->adjustRemoteAddr(req, resp));

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    // Now the destination address should be relay's address.
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    EXPECT_EQ("192.0.2.1", resp->getRemoteAddr().toText());
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    // Let's do another test and set other fields: ciaddr and
    // flags. By doing it, we want to make sure that the relay
    // address will take precedence.
    req->setGiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.50"));
    req->setCiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.11"));
    req->setFlags(0x8000);

    resp->setYiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.100"));
    // Clear remote address.
    resp->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));

    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv->adjustRemoteAddr(req, resp));

    // Response should be sent back to the relay address.
    EXPECT_EQ("192.0.2.50", resp->getRemoteAddr().toText());
}

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// This test verifies that the destination address of the response message
// is set to ciaddr when giaddr is set to zero and the ciaddr is set to
// non-zero address in the received message. This is the case when the
// client is in Renew or Rebind state.
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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, adjustRemoteAddressRenewRebind) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0));

    // Create instance of the incoming packet.
    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> req(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));

    // Clear giaddr to simulate direct packet.
    req->setGiaddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));
    // Set ciaddr to non-zero address. The response should be sent to this
    // address as the client is in renewing or rebinding state (it is fully
    // configured).
    req->setCiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.15"));
    // Let's configure broadcast flag. It should be ignored because
    // we are responding directly to the client having an address
    // and trying to extend his lease. Broadcast flag is only used
    // when new lease is acquired and server must make a decision
    // whether to unicast the response to the acquired address or
    // broadcast it.
    req->setFlags(0x8000);

    // Create a response.
    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> resp(new Pkt4(DHCPOFFER, 1234));
    // Let's extend the lease for the client in such a way that
    // it will actually get different address. The response
    // should not be sent to this address but rather to ciaddr
    // as client still have ciaddr configured.
    resp->setYiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.13"));
    // Clear the remote address.
    resp->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));

    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv->adjustRemoteAddr(req, resp));

    // Check that server responds to ciaddr
    EXPECT_EQ("192.0.2.15", resp->getRemoteAddr().toText());
}

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// This test verifies that the destination address of the response message
// is set correctly when giaddr and ciaddr is zeroed in the received message
// and the new lease is acquired. The lease address is carried in the
// response message in the yiaddr field. In this case destination address
// of the response should be set to yiaddr if server supports direct responses
// to the client which doesn't have an address yet or broadcast if the server
// doesn't support direct responses.
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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, adjustRemoteAddressSelect) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0));

    // Create instance of the incoming packet.
    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> req(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));

    // Clear giaddr to simulate direct packet.
    req->setGiaddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));
    // Clear client address as it hasn't got any address configured yet.
    req->setCiaddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));

    // Let's clear the broadcast flag.
    req->setFlags(0);

    // Create a response.
    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> resp(new Pkt4(DHCPOFFER, 1234));
    // Assign some new address for this client.
    resp->setYiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.13"));

    // Clear the remote address.
    resp->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));

    // When running unit tests, the IfaceMgr is using the default Packet
    // Filtering class, PktFilterInet. This class does not support direct
    // responses to clients without address assigned. When giaddr and ciaddr
    // are zero and client has just got new lease, the assigned address is
    // carried in yiaddr. In order to send this address to the client,
    // server must broadcast its response.
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv->adjustRemoteAddr(req, resp));

    // Check that the response is sent to broadcast address as the
    // server doesn't have capability to respond directly.
    EXPECT_EQ("255.255.255.255", resp->getRemoteAddr().toText());

    // We also want to test the case when the server has capability to
    // respond directly to the client which is not configured. Server
    // makes decision whether it responds directly or broadcast its
    // response based on the capability reported by IfaceMgr. In order
    // to set this capability we have to provide a dummy Packet Filter
    // class which would report the support for direct responses.
    // This class is called PktFilterTest.
    IfaceMgr::instance().setPacketFilter(PktFilterPtr(new PktFilterTest()));

    // Now we expect that the server will send its response to the
    // address assigned for the client.
    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv->adjustRemoteAddr(req, resp));

    // Since IfaceMgr is a singleton it will keep using the dummy packet
    // filtering class after this test completes. We want to avoid the
    // impact of this test on other tests so we will try to restore the
    // original packet filtering class. If this fails, we have to abort the
    // test because other tests would be otherwise affected.
    try {
        IfaceMgr::instance().setPacketFilter(PktFilterPtr(new PktFilterInet()));
    } catch (const Exception& ex) {
        FAIL() << "Failed to restore the default Packet Filter class"
               << " after replacing it with dummy class used for testing.";
    }

    EXPECT_EQ("192.0.2.13", resp->getRemoteAddr().toText());
}

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// This test verifies that the destination address of the response message
// is set to broadcast address when client set broadcast flag in its
// query. Client sets this flag to indicate that it can't receive direct
// responses from the server when it doesn't have its interface configured.
// Server must respect broadcast flag.
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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, adjustRemoteAddressBroadcast) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0));

    // Create instance of the incoming packet.
    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> req(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));

    // Clear giaddr to simulate direct packet.
    req->setGiaddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));
    // Clear client address as it hasn't got any address configured yet.
    req->setCiaddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));

    // Let's set the broadcast flag.
    req->setFlags(0x8000);

    // Create a response.
    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> resp(new Pkt4(DHCPOFFER, 1234));
    // Assign some new address for this client.
    resp->setYiaddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.13"));

    // Clear the remote address.
    resp->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("0.0.0.0"));

    // When running unit tests, the IfaceMgr is using the default Packet
    // Filtering class, PktFilterInet. This class does not support direct
    // responses to the clients without address assigned. If giaddr and
    // ciaddr are zero and client has just got the new lease, the assigned
    // address is carried in yiaddr. In order to send this address to the
    // client, server must send the response to the broadcast address when
    // direct response is not supported. This conflicts with the purpose
    // of this test which is supposed to verify that responses are sent
    // to broadcast address only, when broadcast flag is set. Therefore,
    // in order to simulate that direct responses are supported we have
    // to replace the default packet filtering class with a dummy class
    // which reports direct response capability.
    IfaceMgr::instance().setPacketFilter(PktFilterPtr(new PktFilterTest()));

    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv->adjustRemoteAddr(req, resp));

    // Since IfaceMgr is a singleton it will keep using the dummy packet
    // filtering class after this test completes. We want to avoid the
    // impact of this test on other tests so we will try to restore the
    // original packet filtering class. If this fails, we have to abort the
    // test because other tests would be otherwise affected.
    try {
        IfaceMgr::instance().setPacketFilter(PktFilterPtr(new PktFilterInet()));
    } catch (const Exception& ex) {
        FAIL() << "Failed to restore the default Packet Filter class"
               << " after replacing it with dummy class used for testing.";
    }
    // Server must repond to broadcast address when client desired that
    // by setting the broadcast flag in its request.
    EXPECT_EQ("255.255.255.255", resp->getRemoteAddr().toText());
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}

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// Verifies that DISCOVER message can be processed correctly,
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// that the OFFER message generated in response is valid and
// contains necessary options.
//
// Note: this test focuses on the packet correctness. There
// are other tests that verify correctness of the allocation
// engine. See DiscoverBasic, DiscoverHint, DiscoverNoClientId
// and DiscoverInvalidHint.
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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, processDiscover) {
    testDiscoverRequest(DHCPDISCOVER);
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}
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// Verifies that REQUEST message can be processed correctly,
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// that the OFFER message generated in response is valid and
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// contains necessary options.
//
// Note: this test focuses on the packet correctness. There
// are other tests that verify correctness of the allocation
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// engine. See DiscoverBasic, DiscoverHint, DiscoverNoClientId
// and DiscoverInvalidHint.
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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, processRequest) {
    testDiscoverRequest(DHCPREQUEST);
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}

TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, processRelease) {
    NakedDhcpv4Srv* srv = new NakedDhcpv4Srv();

    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> pkt(new Pkt4(DHCPRELEASE, 1234));

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    // Should not throw
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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(
        srv->processRelease(pkt);
    );

    delete srv;
}

TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, processDecline) {
    NakedDhcpv4Srv* srv = new NakedDhcpv4Srv();

    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> pkt(new Pkt4(DHCPDECLINE, 1234));

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    // Should not throw
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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(
        srv->processDecline(pkt);
    );

    delete srv;
}

TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, processInform) {
    NakedDhcpv4Srv* srv = new NakedDhcpv4Srv();

    boost::shared_ptr<Pkt4> pkt(new Pkt4(DHCPINFORM, 1234));

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    // Should not throw
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    EXPECT_NO_THROW(
        srv->processInform(pkt);
    );

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    // Should return something
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    EXPECT_TRUE(srv->processInform(pkt));

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    // @todo Implement more reasonable tests before starting
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    // work on processSomething() method.
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    delete srv;
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}

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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, serverReceivedPacketName) {
    // Check all possible packet types
    for (int itype = 0; itype < 256; ++itype) {
        uint8_t type = itype;

        switch (type) {
        case DHCPDECLINE:
            EXPECT_STREQ("DECLINE", Dhcpv4Srv::serverReceivedPacketName(type));
            break;

        case DHCPDISCOVER:
            EXPECT_STREQ("DISCOVER", Dhcpv4Srv::serverReceivedPacketName(type));
            break;

        case DHCPINFORM:
            EXPECT_STREQ("INFORM", Dhcpv4Srv::serverReceivedPacketName(type));
            break;

        case DHCPRELEASE:
            EXPECT_STREQ("RELEASE", Dhcpv4Srv::serverReceivedPacketName(type));
            break;

        case DHCPREQUEST:
            EXPECT_STREQ("REQUEST", Dhcpv4Srv::serverReceivedPacketName(type));
            break;

        default:
            EXPECT_STREQ("UNKNOWN", Dhcpv4Srv::serverReceivedPacketName(type));
        }
    }
}

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// This test verifies that incoming DISCOVER can be handled properly, that an
// OFFER is generated, that the response has an address and that address
// really belongs to the configured pool.
//
// constructed very simple DISCOVER message with:
// - client-id option
//
// expected returned OFFER message:
// - copy of client-id
// - server-id
// - offered address
TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, DiscoverBasic) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv.reset(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0)));
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    Pkt4Ptr dis = Pkt4Ptr(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));
    dis->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"));
    OptionPtr clientid = generateClientId();
    dis->addOption(clientid);

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    // Pass it to the server and get an offer
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    Pkt4Ptr offer = srv->processDiscover(dis);

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    // Check if we get response at all
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    checkResponse(offer, DHCPOFFER, 1234);

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    // Check that address was returned from proper range, that its lease
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    // lifetime is correct, that T1 and T2 are returned properly
    checkAddressParams(offer, subnet_);

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    // Check identifiers
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    checkServerId(offer, srv->getServerID());
    checkClientId(offer, clientid);
}


// This test verifies that incoming DISCOVER can be handled properly, that an
// OFFER is generated, that the response has an address and that address
// really belongs to the configured pool.
//
// constructed very simple DISCOVER message with:
// - client-id option
// - address set to specific value as hint
//
// expected returned OFFER message:
// - copy of client-id
// - server-id
// - offered address
TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, DiscoverHint) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv.reset(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0)));
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    IOAddress hint("192.0.2.107");

    Pkt4Ptr dis = Pkt4Ptr(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));
    dis->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"));
    OptionPtr clientid = generateClientId();
    dis->addOption(clientid);
    dis->setYiaddr(hint);

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    // Pass it to the server and get an offer
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    Pkt4Ptr offer = srv->processDiscover(dis);

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    // Check if we get response at all
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    checkResponse(offer, DHCPOFFER, 1234);

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    // Check that address was returned from proper range, that its lease
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    // lifetime is correct, that T1 and T2 are returned properly
    checkAddressParams(offer, subnet_);

    EXPECT_EQ(offer->getYiaddr().toText(), hint.toText());

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    // Check identifiers
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    checkServerId(offer, srv->getServerID());
    checkClientId(offer, clientid);
}


// This test verifies that incoming DISCOVER can be handled properly, that an
// OFFER is generated, that the response has an address and that address
// really belongs to the configured pool.
//
// constructed very simple DISCOVER message with:
// - address set to specific value as hint
//
// expected returned OFFER message:
// - copy of client-id
// - server-id
// - offered address
TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, DiscoverNoClientId) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv.reset(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0)));
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    IOAddress hint("192.0.2.107");

    Pkt4Ptr dis = Pkt4Ptr(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));
    dis->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"));
    dis->setYiaddr(hint);

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    // Pass it to the server and get an offer
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    Pkt4Ptr offer = srv->processDiscover(dis);

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    // Check if we get response at all
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    checkResponse(offer, DHCPOFFER, 1234);

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    // Check that address was returned from proper range, that its lease
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    // lifetime is correct, that T1 and T2 are returned properly
    checkAddressParams(offer, subnet_);

    EXPECT_EQ(offer->getYiaddr().toText(), hint.toText());

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    // Check identifiers
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    checkServerId(offer, srv->getServerID());
}

// This test verifies that incoming DISCOVER can be handled properly, that an
// OFFER is generated, that the response has an address and that address
// really belongs to the configured pool.
//
// constructed very simple DISCOVER message with:
// - client-id option
// - address set to specific value as hint, but that hint is invalid
//
// expected returned OFFER message:
// - copy of client-id
// - server-id
// - offered address (!= hint)
TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, DiscoverInvalidHint) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv.reset(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0)));
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    IOAddress hint("10.1.2.3");

    Pkt4Ptr dis = Pkt4Ptr(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));
    dis->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.107"));
    OptionPtr clientid = generateClientId();
    dis->addOption(clientid);
    dis->setYiaddr(hint);

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    // Pass it to the server and get an offer
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    Pkt4Ptr offer = srv->processDiscover(dis);

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    // Check if we get response at all
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    checkResponse(offer, DHCPOFFER, 1234);

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    // Check that address was returned from proper range, that its lease
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    // lifetime is correct, that T1 and T2 are returned properly
    checkAddressParams(offer, subnet_);

    EXPECT_NE(offer->getYiaddr().toText(), hint.toText());

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    // Check identifiers
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    checkServerId(offer, srv->getServerID());
    checkClientId(offer, clientid);
}

/// @todo: Add a test that client sends hint that is in pool, but currently
/// being used by a different client.

// This test checks that the server is offering different addresses to different
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// clients in OFFERs. Please note that OFFER is not a guarantee that such
// an address will be assigned. Had the pool was very small and contained only
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// 2 addresses, the third client would get the same offer as the first one
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// and this is a correct behavior. It is REQUEST that will fail for the third
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// client. OFFER is basically saying "if you send me a request, you will
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// probably get an address like this" (there are no guarantees).
TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, ManyDiscovers) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv.reset(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0)));
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    Pkt4Ptr dis1 = Pkt4Ptr(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 1234));
    Pkt4Ptr dis2 = Pkt4Ptr(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 2345));
    Pkt4Ptr dis3 = Pkt4Ptr(new Pkt4(DHCPDISCOVER, 3456));

    dis1->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"));
    dis2->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.2"));
    dis3->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.3"));

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    // Different client-id sizes
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    OptionPtr clientid1 = generateClientId(4); // length 4
    OptionPtr clientid2 = generateClientId(5); // length 5
    OptionPtr clientid3 = generateClientId(6); // length 6

    dis1->addOption(clientid1);
    dis2->addOption(clientid2);
    dis3->addOption(clientid3);

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    // Pass it to the server and get an offer
    Pkt4Ptr offer1 = srv->processDiscover(dis1);
    Pkt4Ptr offer2 = srv->processDiscover(dis2);
    Pkt4Ptr offer3 = srv->processDiscover(dis3);
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    // Check if we get response at all
    checkResponse(offer1, DHCPOFFER, 1234);
    checkResponse(offer2, DHCPOFFER, 2345);
    checkResponse(offer3, DHCPOFFER, 3456);
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    IOAddress addr1 = offer1->getYiaddr();
    IOAddress addr2 = offer2->getYiaddr();
    IOAddress addr3 = offer3->getYiaddr();
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    // Check that the assigned address is indeed from the configured pool
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    checkAddressParams(offer1, subnet_);
    checkAddressParams(offer2, subnet_);
    checkAddressParams(offer3, subnet_);

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    // Check server-ids
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    checkServerId(offer1, srv->getServerID());
    checkServerId(offer2, srv->getServerID());
    checkServerId(offer3, srv->getServerID());
    checkClientId(offer1, clientid1);
    checkClientId(offer2, clientid2);
    checkClientId(offer3, clientid3);
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    // Finally check that the addresses offered are different
    EXPECT_NE(addr1.toText(), addr2.toText());
    EXPECT_NE(addr2.toText(), addr3.toText());
    EXPECT_NE(addr3.toText(), addr1.toText());
    cout << "Offered address to client1=" << addr1.toText() << endl;
    cout << "Offered address to client2=" << addr2.toText() << endl;
    cout << "Offered address to client3=" << addr3.toText() << endl;
}

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// This test verifies that incoming REQUEST can be handled properly, that an
// ACK is generated, that the response has an address and that address
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// really belongs to the configured pool.
//
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// constructed a single REQUEST message with:
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// - client-id option
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// - hwaddr information
// - requested address (that the client received in DISCOVER/OFFER exchange)
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//
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// expected returned ACK message:
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// - copy of client-id
// - server-id
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// - assigned address
//
// Test verifies that the lease is actually in the database.
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TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, RequestBasic) {
    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv.reset(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0)));
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    IOAddress hint("192.0.2.107");
    Pkt4Ptr req = Pkt4Ptr(new Pkt4(DHCPREQUEST, 1234));
    req->setRemoteAddr(IOAddress("192.0.2.1"));
    OptionPtr clientid = generateClientId();
    req->addOption(clientid);
    req->setYiaddr(hint);

    // Pass it to the server and get an advertise
    Pkt4Ptr ack = srv->processRequest(req);

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    // Check if we get response at all
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    checkResponse(ack, DHCPACK, 1234);
    EXPECT_EQ(hint.toText(), ack->getYiaddr().toText());

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    // Check that address was returned from proper range, that its lease
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    // lifetime is correct, that T1 and T2 are returned properly
    checkAddressParams(ack, subnet_);

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    // Check identifiers
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    checkServerId(ack, srv->getServerID());
    checkClientId(ack, clientid);

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    // Check that the lease is really in the database
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    Lease4Ptr l = checkLease(ack, clientid, req->getHWAddr(), hint);

    ASSERT_TRUE(l);
    LeaseMgrFactory::instance().deleteLease(l->addr_);
}

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// This test verifies that incoming REQUEST can be handled properly, that an
// ACK is generated, that the response has an address and that address
// really belongs to the configured pool.
//
// constructed 3 REQUEST messages with:
// - client-id option (differs between messages)
// - hwaddr information (differs between messages)
//
// expected returned ACK message:
// - copy of client-id
// - server-id
// - assigned address (different for each client)
TEST_F(Dhcpv4SrvTest, ManyRequests) {

    boost::scoped_ptr<NakedDhcpv4Srv> srv;
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    ASSERT_NO_THROW(srv.reset(new NakedDhcpv4Srv(0)));
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