database.h 16.2 KB
Newer Older
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
// Copyright (C) 2011  Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
//
// Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
// purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
// copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
// REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
// AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
// INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
// LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
// OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
// PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

#ifndef __DATABASE_DATASRC_H
#define __DATABASE_DATASRC_H

#include <datasrc/client.h>

20 21
#include <dns/name.h>

22 23 24
namespace isc {
namespace datasrc {

25
/**
26
 * \brief Abstraction of lowlevel database with DNS data
27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
 *
 * This class is defines interface to databases. Each supported database
 * will provide methods for accessing the data stored there in a generic
 * manner. The methods are meant to be low-level, without much or any knowledge
 * about DNS and should be possible to translate directly to queries.
 *
 * On the other hand, how the communication with database is done and in what
 * schema (in case of relational/SQL database) is up to the concrete classes.
 *
 * This class is non-copyable, as copying connections to database makes little
 * sense and will not be needed.
 *
 * \todo Is it true this does not need to be copied? For example the zone
 *     iterator might need it's own copy. But a virtual clone() method might
 *     be better for that than copy constructor.
 *
 * \note The same application may create multiple connections to the same
44 45 46
 *     database, having multiple instances of this class. If the database
 *     allows having multiple open queries at one connection, the connection
 *     class may share it.
47
 */
48
class DatabaseAccessor : boost::noncopyable {
49
public:
50 51 52 53 54 55
    /**
     * \brief Destructor
     *
     * It is empty, but needs a virtual one, since we will use the derived
     * classes in polymorphic way.
     */
56
    virtual ~DatabaseAccessor() { }
57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72
    /**
     * \brief Retrieve a zone identifier
     *
     * This method looks up a zone for the given name in the database. It
     * should match only exact zone name (eg. name is equal to the zone's
     * apex), as the DatabaseClient will loop trough the labels itself and
     * find the most suitable zone.
     *
     * It is not specified if and what implementation of this method may throw,
     * so code should expect anything.
     *
     * \param name The name of the zone's apex to be looked up.
     * \return The first part of the result indicates if a matching zone
     *     was found. In case it was, the second part is internal zone ID.
     *     This one will be passed to methods finding data in the zone.
     *     It is not required to keep them, in which case whatever might
73
     *     be returned - the ID is only passed back to the database as
74 75
     *     an opaque handle.
     */
76
    virtual std::pair<bool, int> getZone(const isc::dns::Name& name) const = 0;
77 78 79 80

    /**
     * \brief Starts a new search for records of the given name in the given zone
     *
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
81 82 83 84 85 86
     * The data searched by this call can be retrieved with subsequent calls to
     * getNextRecord().
     *
     * \exception DataSourceError if there is a problem connecting to the
     *                            backend database
     *
87 88 89
     * \param zone_id The zone to search in, as returned by getZone()
     * \param name The name of the records to find
     */
90
    virtual void searchForRecords(int zone_id, const std::string& name) = 0;
91 92 93 94 95 96 97

    /**
     * \brief Retrieves the next record from the search started with searchForRecords()
     *
     * Returns a boolean specifying whether or not there was more data to read.
     * In the case of a database error, a DatasourceError is thrown.
     *
98
     * The columns passed is an array of std::strings consisting of
99
     * DatabaseConnection::COLUMN_COUNT elements, the elements of which
100 101
     * are defined in DatabaseConnection::RecordColumns, in their basic
     * string representation.
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
102
     *
103 104 105 106
     * If you are implementing a derived database connection class, you
     * should have this method check the column_count value, and fill the
     * array with strings conforming to their description in RecordColumn.
     *
107 108
     * \exception DatasourceError if there was an error reading from the database
     *
109 110 111
     * \param columns The elements of this array will be filled with the data
     *                for one record as defined by RecordColumns
     *                If there was no data, the array is untouched.
112 113
     * \return true if there was a next record, false if there was not
     */
114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134
    virtual bool getNextRecord(std::string columns[], size_t column_count) = 0;

    /**
     * \brief Resets the current search initiated with searchForRecords()
     *
     * This method will be called when the called of searchForRecords() and
     * getNextRecord() finds bad data, and aborts the current search.
     * It should clean up whatever handlers searchForRecords() created, and
     * any other state modified or needed by getNextRecord()
     *
     * Of course, the implementation of getNextRecord may also use it when
     * it is done with a search. If it does, the implementation of this
     * method should make sure it can handle being called multiple times.
     *
     * The implementation for this method should make sure it never throws.
     */
    virtual void resetSearch() = 0;

    /**
     * Definitions of the fields as they are required to be filled in
     * by getNextRecord()
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
135
     *
136 137
     * When implementing getNextRecord(), the columns array should
     * be filled with the values as described in this enumeration,
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
138 139 140
     * in this order, i.e. TYPE_COLUMN should be the first element
     * (index 0) of the array, TTL_COLUMN should be the second element
     * (index 1), etc.
141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151
     */
    enum RecordColumns {
        TYPE_COLUMN = 0,    ///< The RRType of the record (A/NS/TXT etc.)
        TTL_COLUMN = 1,     ///< The TTL of the record (a
        SIGTYPE_COLUMN = 2, ///< For RRSIG records, this contains the RRTYPE
                            ///< the RRSIG covers. In the current implementation,
                            ///< this field is ignored.
        RDATA_COLUMN = 3    ///< Full text representation of the record's RDATA
    };

    /// The number of fields the columns array passed to getNextRecord should have
152
    static const size_t COLUMN_COUNT = 4;
153 154

    /**
Michal 'vorner' Vaner's avatar
Michal 'vorner' Vaner committed
155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165
     * \brief Returns a string identifying this dabase backend
     *
     * The returned string is mainly intended to be used for
     * debugging/logging purposes.
     *
     * Any implementation is free to choose the exact string content,
     * but it is advisable to make it a name that is distinguishable
     * from the others.
     *
     * \return the name of the database
     */
166
    virtual const std::string& getDBName() const = 0;
167 168
};

169 170 171 172 173
/**
 * \brief Concrete data source client oriented at database backends.
 *
 * This class (together with corresponding versions of ZoneFinder,
 * ZoneIterator, etc.) translates high-level data source queries to
174
 * low-level calls on DatabaseAccessor. It calls multiple queries
175
 * if necessary and validates data from the database, allowing the
176
 * DatabaseAccessor to be just simple translation to SQL/other
177 178 179 180
 * queries to database.
 *
 * While it is possible to subclass it for specific database in case
 * of special needs, it is not expected to be needed. This should just
181
 * work as it is with whatever DatabaseAccessor.
182
 */
183 184
class DatabaseClient : public DataSourceClient {
public:
185 186 187
    /**
     * \brief Constructor
     *
188
     * It initializes the client with a database.
189
     *
190
     * \exception isc::InvalidParameter if database is NULL. It might throw
191 192
     * standard allocation exception as well, but doesn't throw anything else.
     *
193 194
     * \param database The database to use to get data. As the parameter
     *     suggests, the client takes ownership of the database and will
195 196
     *     delete it when itself deleted.
     */
197
    DatabaseClient(boost::shared_ptr<DatabaseAccessor> database);
198 199 200 201 202
    /**
     * \brief Corresponding ZoneFinder implementation
     *
     * The zone finder implementation for database data sources. Similarly
     * to the DatabaseClient, it translates the queries to methods of the
203
     * database.
204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217
     *
     * Application should not come directly in contact with this class
     * (it should handle it trough generic ZoneFinder pointer), therefore
     * it could be completely hidden in the .cc file. But it is provided
     * to allow testing and for rare cases when a database needs slightly
     * different handling, so it can be subclassed.
     *
     * Methods directly corresponds to the ones in ZoneFinder.
     */
    class Finder : public ZoneFinder {
    public:
        /**
         * \brief Constructor
         *
218
         * \param database The database (shared with DatabaseClient) to
219 220
         *     be used for queries (the one asked for ID before).
         * \param zone_id The zone ID which was returned from
221
         *     DatabaseAccessor::getZone and which will be passed to further
222
         *     calls to the database.
223 224 225
         * \param origin The name of the origin of this zone. It could query
         *     it from database, but as the DatabaseClient just searched for
         *     the zone using the name, it should have it.
226
         */
227 228
        Finder(boost::shared_ptr<DatabaseAccessor> database, int zone_id,
               const isc::dns::Name& origin);
Michal 'vorner' Vaner's avatar
Michal 'vorner' Vaner committed
229 230
        // The following three methods are just implementations of inherited
        // ZoneFinder's pure virtual methods.
231 232
        virtual isc::dns::Name getOrigin() const;
        virtual isc::dns::RRClass getClass() const;
233 234 235

        /**
         * \brief Find an RRset in the datasource
236
         *
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247
         * Searches the datasource for an RRset of the given name and
         * type. If there is a CNAME at the given name, the CNAME rrset
         * is returned.
         * (this implementation is not complete, and currently only
         * does full matches, CNAMES, and the signatures for matches and
         * CNAMEs)
         * \note target was used in the original design to handle ANY
         *       queries. This is not implemented yet, and may use
         *       target again for that, but it might also use something
         *       different. It is left in for compatibility at the moment.
         * \note options are ignored at this moment
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
248
         *
249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262
         * \note Maybe counter intuitively, this method is not a const member
         * function.  This is intentional; some of the underlying implementations
         * are expected to use a database backend, and would internally contain
         * some abstraction of "database connection".  In the most strict sense
         * any (even read only) operation might change the internal state of
         * such a connection, and in that sense the operation cannot be considered
         * "const".  In order to avoid giving a false sense of safety to the
         * caller, we indicate a call to this method may have a surprising
         * side effect.  That said, this view may be too strict and it may
         * make sense to say the internal database connection doesn't affect
         * external behavior in terms of the interface of this method.  As
         * we gain more experiences with various kinds of backends we may
         * revisit the constness.
         *
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271
         * \exception DataSourceError when there is a problem reading
         *                            the data from the dabase backend.
         *                            This can be a connection, code, or
         *                            data (parse) error.
         *
         * \param name The name to find
         * \param type The RRType to find
         * \param target Unused at this moment
         * \param options Unused at this moment
272
         */
273 274 275
        virtual FindResult find(const isc::dns::Name& name,
                                const isc::dns::RRType& type,
                                isc::dns::RRsetList* target = NULL,
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
276
                                const FindOptions options = FIND_DEFAULT);
Jelte Jansen's avatar
Jelte Jansen committed
277

278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286
        /**
         * \brief The zone ID
         *
         * This function provides the stored zone ID as passed to the
         * constructor. This is meant for testing purposes and normal
         * applications shouldn't need it.
         */
        int zone_id() const { return (zone_id_); }
        /**
287
         * \brief The database.
288
         *
289
         * This function provides the database stored inside as
290 291 292
         * passed to the constructor. This is meant for testing purposes and
         * normal applications shouldn't need it.
         */
293
        const DatabaseAccessor& database() const {
294
            return (*database_);
295
        }
296
    private:
297
        boost::shared_ptr<DatabaseAccessor> database_;
298
        const int zone_id_;
299
        const isc::dns::Name origin_;
300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320
        /**
         * \brief Searches database for an RRset
         *
         * This method scans RRs of single domain specified by name and finds
         * RRset with given type or any of redirection RRsets that are
         * requested.
         *
         * This function is used internally by find(), because this part is
         * called multiple times with slightly different parameters.
         *
         * \param name Which domain name should be scanned.
         * \param type The RRType which is requested. This can be NULL, in
         *     which case the method will look for the redirections only.
         * \param want_cname If this is true, CNAME redirection may be returned
         *     instead of the RRset with given type. If there's CNAME and
         *     something else or the CNAME has multiple RRs, it throws
         *     DataSourceError.
         * \param want_dname If this is true, DNAME redirection may be returned
         *     instead. This is with type = NULL only and is not checked in
         *     other circumstances. If the DNAME has multiple RRs, it throws
         *     DataSourceError.
321 322 323 324 325 326
         * \param want_ns This allows redirection by NS to be returned. If
         *     any other data is met as well, DataSourceError is thrown.
         * \note It may happen that some of the above error conditions are not
         *     detected in some circumstances. The goal here is not to validate
         *     the domain in DB, but to avoid bad behaviour resulting from
         *     broken data.
327 328 329 330 331 332 333
         * \return First part of the result tells if the domain contains any
         *     RRs. This can be used to decide between NXDOMAIN and NXRRSET.
         *     The second part is the RRset found (if any) with any relevant
         *     signatures attached to it.
         * \todo This interface doesn't look very elegant. Any better idea
         *     would be nice.
         */
334 335
        std::pair<bool, isc::dns::RRsetPtr> getRRset(const isc::dns::Name&
                                                     name,
336 337 338 339 340
                                                     const isc::dns::RRType*
                                                     type,
                                                     bool want_cname,
                                                     bool want_dname,
                                                     bool want_ns);
341 342 343 344
    };
    /**
     * \brief Find a zone in the database
     *
345
     * This queries database's getZone to find the best matching zone.
346 347 348 349
     * It will propagate whatever exceptions are thrown from that method
     * (which is not restricted in any way).
     *
     * \param name Name of the zone or data contained there.
Michal 'vorner' Vaner's avatar
Michal 'vorner' Vaner committed
350 351 352 353 354
     * \return FindResult containing the code and an instance of Finder, if
     *     anything is found. However, application should not rely on the
     *     ZoneFinder being instance of Finder (possible subclass of this class
     *     may return something else and it may change in future versions), it
     *     should use it as a ZoneFinder only.
355
     */
356
    virtual FindResult findZone(const isc::dns::Name& name) const;
357

358
private:
359
    /// \brief Our database.
360
    const boost::shared_ptr<DatabaseAccessor> database_;
361 362 363 364 365 366
};

}
}

#endif